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Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Title

Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Title

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  • Ámundadóttir, Ólöf Ragna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020-02-19)
    Bakgrunnur: Framfarir í meðferð alvarlega veikra sjúklinga og hækkaður lífaldur hefur leitt til þess að fleira fólk lifir nú af bráð og alvarleg veikindi en áður. Afleiðingar veikindanna ásamt gjörgæslulegunni geta haft áhrif á líkamlegt og sálrænt ...
  • Gudnadottir, Gudny Stella (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-04)
    Aims: The purpose of this doctoral research is to investigate the treatment of coronary artery disease in groups that are underrepresented in randomized clinical trials using the SWEDEHEART registry. The more specific aims are: i) to compare the outcomes ...
  • Sigurðsson, Haraldur Björn (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019)
    Aims: The aim of the doctoral project was to develop and assess data extraction and analysis methods specific to the anterior cruciate ligament injury mechanism. The aim of paper I was to evaluate differences in the timing of the peak knee valgus moment ...
  • Yi, Zhiqian (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2018-11-30)
    Diatoms are a major group of algae in the phytoplankton community and can be found in waters worldwide wherever sufficient nutrients and lights are present. Marine diatoms, such as Phaeodactylum tricornutum, can accumulate high levels of lipids and ...
  • Aðalsteinsdóttir, Auður (Háskóli Íslands, Hugvísindasvið, Íslensku- og menningardeild, 2016-02)
    Í þessari ritgerð er fjallað um vald ritdómara og virkni ritdóma á íslensku bókmenntasviði sem og í alþjóðlegu samhengi, allt frá upphafi fjölmiðlunar til dagsins í dag. Sýnt er fram á að vald ritdómarans er ætíð ótraust og að hann á sífellt á hættu ...
  • Þorvaldsdóttir, Birna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-11)
    Germline mutations in BRCA2 increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. The BRCA2 protein is involved in maintaining genomic stability through its roles in DNA double strand break repair and protection of stalled replication forks. The BRCA2 gene ...
  • Askew, Robert Alexander (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2020-01)
    The Breiðdalur volcanic system, eastern Iceland, comprises of a ~600 km3 central volcano, a 30 - 40 km long dyke swarm and plateau basalts erupted from this dyke swarm. The entire volcanic system was active from 10.1 to 7.8 Ma, the central volcano was ...
  • Egilsdottir, Hronn (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-02-08)
    Anthropogenic CO2 emissions, which are resulting in ocean acidification and a decrease in the saturation state for calcium carbonate (Ω), are a particular threat to calcifying marine biota. The aim of this thesis is to fill important knowledge gaps ...
  • Sigurðardóttir, Sigrún (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, 2017-06)
    Background: Childhood Sexual Abuse (CSA) can have serious and far-reaching consequences for the health and well-being of both men and women. In order to develop a holistic program for Icelandic survivors of CSA it is important to base such a program ...
  • Karlsdóttir, Kristín (University of Iceland, School of Education, Reykjavík, 2017-01)
    This study is an enquiry into young children’s learning processes as they participate in preschool groups. The aims of the study are two‐fold: to explore the multiple factors affecting children’s learning processes while participating in two different ...
  • Björnsdóttir, Sigrún Vala (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-02-03)
    Background and aims: Worldwide chronic musculoskeletal (MSK) pain is a prevalent problem constituting a considerable societal burden. The aim was to investigate the prevalence of chronic MSK pain conditions in Iceland and the potential impact on physical ...
  • Lemarquis, Andri Leo (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06-03)
    Sértækur IgA skortur (sIgAD) er algengasti galli í sértæka ónæmiskerfinu. Gallinn er skilgreindur sem algjör skortur á IgA með eðlilegum IgG og IgM styrk í sermi. Tíðni sjúkdóma sem tengjast óeðlilegu ónæmissvari er hærri hjá sIgAD ...
  • Kristinsdóttir, Jónína Vala (2016-11)
    Over the last two decades Icelandic teachers have been under growing pres¬sure to adapt their work to changes in the new curriculum guidelines and laws for schools. Teachers are now expected to meet the needs of diverse groups of children and improve ...
  • Shahnazaryan, Vanik (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2017-10)
    The physics of light-matter interactions is a rapidly developing interdisciplinary research area, combining methods and phenomena both from condensed matter physics and quantum optics. One of the most common realizations of strong coupling regime implies ...
  • Óskarsdóttir, Edda (University of Iceland, School of Education, Faculty of Teacher Education, 2017-08-31)
    The compulsory school act in Iceland states that schools should be inclusive. This entails that schools need to provide every pupil with quality education according to their needs and ability, and to remove barriers to participation in learning and ...
  • Costa, Maria Sofia (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2019-06)
    In the course of a nearly century-long global effort to discover new bacterialderived drugs from the environment, there have been few innovations to the way that researchers have collected samples and subsequently created microbial libraries sourced ...
  • Juncu, Daniel (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2018-01)
    Deformation of geothermal reservoirs is a growing topic in the field of crustal deformation research. The deformation behavior of a geothermal resource can give us insight about its sustainability and can help to increase our understanding of reservoir ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Sigríður (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-03)
    Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is a type I allergy of horses with production of IgE and release of inflammatory mediators. It is caused by bites of midges of the genus Culicoides. The disease is a recurrent dermatitis characterized by pruritic skin ...
  • Armesto Jimenez, Amaranta (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-08-17)
    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe lung disease with unknown aetiology. The lifespan is approximately 3 to 5 years after diagnosis, and the treatments available such as lung transplant are high risk and are not suitable for all patients. In ...
  • Brynjólfsson, Skafti (Norwegian University of Science and Technology; University of Iceland, 2015-09)
    This thesis describes the glacial history, glacier dynamics, sediments and landforms of the Drangajökull ice cap as well as the glacial history and dynamics of the eastern Vestfirðir peninsula in northwest Iceland from the Late Weichselian until present. ...