Háskóli Íslands

University of Iceland
 

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  • Abghoui, Younes (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences., 2017-03-13)
    Commercial design of a sustainable route for on-site production of ammo- nia represents a potential economic and environmental breakthrough. In an analogous process to the naturally occurring enzymatic mechanism, synthe- sis of ammonia could be achieved ...
  • Tryggvason, Geir; Briem, Birgir (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-01-05)
    Hnútar í skjaldkirtli eru algengt vandamál og nýgengi þeirra hefur aukist mikið. Kerfisbundin nálgun við uppvinnslu er nauðsynleg til að greining fáist fljótt en ekki síður til að koma í veg fyrir ofgreiningu og ofmeðhöndlun sjúklinga. Það er mikilvægt ...
  • Magnússon, Björn Jakob; Agnarsson, Uggi; Gudnason, Thorarinn; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-01-05)
    Inngangur: Þótt brátt hjartadrep sé fyrst og fremst sjúkdómur eldra fólks getur það valdið ótímabærum dauða, heilsubresti og skertum lífsgæðum hjá yngra fólki. Árin 1980-1984 voru nýgengi, áhættuþættir, staðsetning hjartadreps, ástand kransæða og ...
  • Jóhannesdóttir, Ragnheiður Marta; Guðbjartsson, Tómas; Geirsson, Arnar (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-02-03)
    Inngangur: Opna hjartaaðgerð getur þurft að gera í alvarlegum tilfellum hjartaþelsbólgu. Tilgangur þessarar rannsóknar var að kanna árangur skurðaðgerða við hjartaþelsbólgu á Íslandi en slík rannsókn hefur ekki birst áður. Efniviður og aðferðir: ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Kristín; Valsdóttir, Elsa Björk; Datye, Shreekrishna; Berndsen, Fritz; Möller, Páll Helgi (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-02-03)
    Inngangur: Rof á ristli er alvarlegt sjúkdómsástand með háa dánartíðni. Áður fyrr var meðferðin fyrst og fremst skurðaðgerð en á undanförnum árum hafa rannsóknir sýnt sambærilegan árangur með stuðningsmeðferð. Tilgangur þessarar rannsóknar var að ...
  • Vilhelmsdóttir, Hlíf; Jóhannsson, Magnús (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-02-03)
    Tilgangur: Að kanna viðhorf Íslendinga til lyfja. Aðferðir: Spurningalistinn The Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) var þýddur, gildaður og notaður til að kanna viðhorf Íslendinga til lyfja. Einnig var spurt um heilsufar og sjúkdóma ...
  • Jóhannesdóttir, Lilja; Alves, José A.; Gill, Jennifer A.; Gunnarsson, Tómas G. (Resilience Alliance, Inc., 2017)
    Intensified agricultural practices have driven biodiversity loss throughout the world, and although many actions aimed at halting and reversing these declines have been developed, their effectiveness depends greatly on the willingness of stakeholders ...
  • Hilmarsdóttir, Bylgja; Briem, Eiríkur; Halldórsson, Skarphéðinn; Kricker, Jennifer; Ingthorsson, Saevar; Gústafsdóttir, Sigrún; Mælandsmo, Gunhild M; Magnusson, Magnus Karl; Gudjonsson, Thorarinn (Springer Nature, 2017-05-11)
    Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a well-known inhibitor of insulin signaling pathways and inhibitors against PTP1B are being developed as promising drug candidates for treatment of obesity. PTP1B has also been linked to breast cancer both as ...
  • Snorradóttir, Ásbjörg Ósk (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-06)
    Arfgeng heilablæðing (Hereditary cystatin C amyloid angiopathy (HCCAA)) er séríslenskur mýlildissjúkdómur, sem erfist ókynbundið ríkjandi og stafar af stökkbreytingu í cystatin C geninu, CST3. HCCAA tilheyrir fjölbreyttum hópi sjúkdóma sem heita cerebral ...
  • Song, Huan; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Lu, Donghao; Andersson, Therese M.-L.; Hultman, Christina; Ye, Weimin; Lundell, Lars; Johansson, Jan; Nilsson, Magnus; Lindblad, Mats (Springer Nature, 2017-01-03)
    Background Except for overall survival, whether or not waiting time for treatment could influences other domains of cancer patients’ overall well-being is to a large extent unknown. Therefore, we performed this study to determine the effect of waiting ...
  • Guðmundsson, Júlíus; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; Sigurðsson, Jón K.; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Jónasson, Jón G.; Guðjónsson, Sigurjón A.; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Másson, Gísli; Jóhannsdóttir, Hrefna; Halldórsson, Gísli H.; Stacey, Simon N.; Helgason, Hannes; Sulem, Patrick; Senter, Leigha; He, Huiling; Liyanarachchi, Sandya; Ringel, Matthew D.; Aguillo, Esperanza; Panadero, Angeles; Prats, Enrique; Garcia-Castaño, Almudena; De Juan, Ana; Rivera, Fernando; Xu, Li; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Eyjólfsson, Guðmundur I.; Sigurðardóttir, Ólöf; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Kristvinsson, Höskuldur; Netea-Maier, Romana T.; Jónsson, Þorvaldur; Mayordomo, Jose I.; Plantinga, Theo S.; Hjartarson, Hannes; Hrafnkelsson, Jón; Sturgis, Erich M.; Þorsteinsdóttir, Unnur; Rafnar, Þórunn; de la Chapelle, Albert; Stefánsson, Kári (Springer Nature, 2017-02-14)
    The great majority of thyroid cancers are of the non-medullary type. Here we report findings from a genome-wide association study of non-medullary thyroid cancer, including in total 3,001 patients and 287,550 controls from five study groups of European ...
  • Gaksch, Martin; Jorde, Rolf; Grimnes, Guri; Joakimsen, Ragnar; Schirmer, Henrik; Wilsgaard, Tom; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Njølstad, Inger; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; März, Winfried; Kleber, Marcus E.; Tomaschitz, Andreas; Grübler, Martin; Eiríksdóttir, Gudný; Guðmundsson, Elías F.; Harris, Tamara B.; Cotch, Mary F.; Aspelund, Thor; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Rutters, Femke; Beulens, Joline W. J.; van ‘t Riet, Esther; Nijpels, Giel; Dekker, Jacqueline M.; Grove-Laugesen, Diana; Rejnmark, Lars; Busch, Markus A.; Mensink, Gert B. M.; Scheidt-Nave, Christa; Thamm, Michael; Swart, Karin M. A.; Brouwer, Ingeborg A.; Lips, Paul; van Schoor, Natasja M.; Sempos, Christopher T.; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramón A.; Škrabáková, Zuzana; Dowling, Kirsten G.; Cashman, Kevin D.; Kiely, Mairead; Pilz, Stefan (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-02-16)
    Background Vitamin D deficiency may be a risk factor for mortality but previous meta-analyses lacked standardization of laboratory methods for 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations and used aggregate data instead of individual participant ...
  • Harðardóttir, Hrönn; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Guðbjartsson, Tómas; Sigvaldason, Andrés; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Aspelund, Thor; Hansdottir, Sif; Jónsson, Steinn (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-04-06)
    Inngangur: Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að lýsa einkennum, sjúkdómsmynd, meðferð og afdrifum sjúklinga sem hafa farið í kerfisbundið greiningarferli á Landspítala vegna gruns um lungnakrabbamein. Efniviður og aðferðir: Rannsóknin tekur til 550 sjúklinga ...
  • Briem, Kristin; Jónsdóttir, Kolbrún Vala; Árnason, Árni; Sveinsson, Thorarinn (SAGE Publications, 2017-01)
    Background: Female athletes have a higher rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than males from adolescence and into maturity, which is suggested to result from sex-specific changes in dynamic movement patterns with maturation. Few studies ...
  • Hibar, Derrek P.; Adams, Hieab H. H.; Jahanshad, Neda; Chauhan, Ganesh; Stein, Jason L.; Hofer, Edith; Renteria, Miguel E.; Bis, Joshua C.; Arias-Vasquez, Alejandro; Ikram, M. Kamran; Desrivières, Sylvane; Vernooij, Meike W.; Abramovic, Lucija; Alhusaini, Saud; Amin, Najaf; Andersson, Micael; Arfanakis, Konstantinos; Aribisala, Benjamin S.; Armstrong, Nicola J.; Athanasiu, Lavinia; Axelsson, Tomas; Beecham, Ashley H.; Beiser, Alexa; Bernard, Manon; Blanton, Susan H.; Bohlken, Marc M.; Boks, Marco P.; Bralten, Janita; Brickman, Adam M.; Carmichael, Owen; Chakravarty, M. Mallar; Chen, Qiang; Ching, Christopher R. K.; Chouraki, Vincent; Cuellar-Partida, Gabriel; Crivello, Fabrice; Den Braber, Anouk; Doan, Nhat Trung; Ehrlich, Stefan; Giddaluru, Sudheer; Goldman, Aaron L.; Gottesman, Rebecca F.; Grimm, Oliver; Griswold, Michael E.; Guadalupe, Tulio; Gutman, Boris A.; Hass, Johanna; Haukvik, Unn K.; Hoehn, David; Holmes, Avram J.; Hoogman, Martine; Janowitz, Deborah; Jia, Tianye; Jørgensen, Kjetil N.; Karbalai, Nazanin; Kasperaviciute, Dalia; Kim, Sungeun; Klein, Marieke; Kraemer, Bernd; Lee, Phil H.; Liewald, David C. M.; Lopez, Lorna M.; Luciano, Michelle; Macare, Christine; Marquand, Andre F.; Matarin, Mar; Mather, Karen A.; Mattheisen, Manuel; McKay, David R.; Milaneschi, Yuri; Muñoz Maniega, Susana; Nho, Kwangsik; Nugent, Allison C.; Nyquist, Paul; Loohuis, Loes M. Olde; Oosterlaan, Jaap; Papmeyer, Martina; Pirpamer, Lukas; Pütz, Benno; Ramasamy, Adaikalavan; Richards, Jennifer S.; Risacher, Shannon L.; Roiz-Santiañez, Roberto; Rommelse, Nanda; Ropele, Stefan; Rose, Emma J.; Royle, Natalie A.; Rundek, Tatjana; Sämann, Philipp G.; Saremi, Arvin; Satizabal, Claudia L.; Schmaal, Lianne; Schork, Andrew J.; Shen, Li; Shin, Jean; Shumskaya, Elena; Smith, Albert V.; Sprooten, Emma; Strike, Lachlan T.; Teumer, Alexander; Tordesillas-Gutierrez, Diana; Toro, Roberto; Trabzuni, Daniah; Trompet, Stella; Vaidya, Dhananjay; Van der Grond, Jeroen; Van der Lee, Sven J.; Van der Meer, Dennis; Van Donkelaar, Marjolein M. J.; Van Eijk, Kristel R.; Van Erp, Theo G. M.; Van Rooij, Daan; Walton, Esther; Westlye, Lars T.; Whelan, Christopher D.; Windham, Beverly G.; Winkler, Anderson M.; Wittfeld, Katharina; Woldehawariat, Girma; Wolf, Christiane; Wolfers, Thomas; Yanek, Lisa R.; Yang, Jingyun; Zijdenbos, Alex; Zwiers, Marcel P.; Agartz, Ingrid; Almasy, Laura; Ames, David; Amouyel, Philippe; Andreassen, Ole A.; Arepalli, Sampath; Assareh, Amelia A.; Barral, Sandra; Bastin, Mark E.; Becker, Diane M.; Becker, James T.; Bennett, David A.; Blangero, John; van Bokhoven, Hans; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Brodaty, Henry; Brouwer, Rachel M.; Brunner, Han G.; Buckner, Randy L.; Buitelaar, Jan K.; Bulayeva, Kazima B.; Cahn, Wiepke; Calhoun, Vince D.; Cannon, Dara M.; Cavalleri, Gianpiero L.; Cheng, Ching-Yu; Cichon, Sven; Cookson, Mark R.; Corvin, Aiden; Crespo-Facorro, Benedicto; Curran, Joanne E.; Czisch, Michael; Dale, Anders M.; Davies, Gareth E.; De Craen, Anton J. M.; De Geus, Eco J. C.; De Jager, Philip L.; De Zubicaray, Greig I.; Deary, Ian J.; Debette, Stéphanie; DeCarli, Charles; Delanty, Norman; Depondt, Chantal; DeStefano, Anita; Dillman, Allissa; Djurovic, Srdjan; Donohoe, Gary; Drevets, Wayne C.; Duggirala, Ravi; Dyer, Thomas D.; Enzinger, Christian; Erk, Susanne; Espeseth, Thomas; Fedko, Iryna O.; Fernández, Guillén; Ferrucci, Luigi; Fisher, Simon E.; Fleischman, Debra A.; Ford, Ian; Fornage, Myriam; Foroud, Tatiana M.; Fox, Peter T.; Francks, Clyde; Fukunaga, Masaki; Gibbs, J. Raphael; Glahn, David C.; Gollub, Randy L.; Göring, Harald H. H.; Green, Robert C.; Gruber, Oliver; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Guelfi, Sebastian; Håberg, Asta K.; Hansell, Narelle K.; Hardy, John; Hartman, Catharina A.; Hashimoto, Ryota; Hegenscheid, Katrin; Heinz, Andreas; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Hernandez, Dena G.; Heslenfeld, Dirk J.; Ho, Beng-Choon; Hoekstra, Pieter J.; Hoffmann, Wolfgang; Hofman, Albert; Holsboer, Florian; Homuth, Georg; Hosten, Norbert; Hottenga, Jouke-Jan; Huentelman, Matthew; Pol, Hilleke E. Hulshoff; Ikeda, Masashi; Jack Jr, Clifford R.; Jenkinson, Mark; Johnson, Robert; Jönsson, Erik G.; Jukema, J. Wouter; Kahn, René S.; Kanai, Ryota; Kloszewska, Iwona; Knopman, David S.; Kochunov, Peter; Kwok, John B.; Lawrie, Stephen M.; Lemaître, Hervé; Liu, Xinmin; Longo, Dan L.; Lopez, Oscar L.; Lovestone, Simon; Martinez, Oliver; Martinot, Jean-Luc; Mattay, Venkata S.; McDonald, Colm; McIntosh, Andrew M.; McMahon, Francis J.; McMahon, Katie L.; Mecocci, Patrizia; Melle, Ingrid; Meyer-Lindenberg, Andreas; Mohnke, Sebastian; Montgomery, Grant W.; Morris, Derek W.; Mosley, Thomas H.; Mühleisen, Thomas W.; Müller-Myhsok, Bertram; Nalls, Michael A.; Nauck, Matthias; Nichols, Thomas E.; Niessen, Wiro J.; Nöthen, Markus M.; Nyberg, Lars; Ohi, Kazutaka; Olvera, Rene L.; Ophoff, Roel A.; Pandolfo, Massimo; Paus, Tomas; Pausova, Zdenka; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.; Pike, G. Bruce; Potkin, Steven G.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Reppermund, Simone; Rietschel, Marcella; Roffman, Joshua L.; Romanczuk-Seiferth, Nina; Rotter, Jerome I.; Ryten, Mina; Sacco, Ralph L.; Sachdev, Perminder S.; Saykin, Andrew J.; Schmidt, Reinhold; Schmidt, Helena; Schofield, Peter R.; Sigurðsson, Sigurður; Simmons, Andrew; Singleton, Andrew; Sisodiya, Sanjay M.; Smith, Colin; Smoller, Jordan W.; Soininen, Hilkka; Steen, Vidar M.; Stott, David J.; Sussmann, Jessika E.; Thalamuthu, Anbupalam; Toga, Arthur W.; Traynor, Bryan J.; Troncoso, Juan; Tsolaki, Magda; Tzourio, Christophe; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Hernández, Maria C. Valdés; Van der Brug, Marcel; van der Lugt, Aad; van der Wee, Nic J. A.; Van Haren, Neeltje E. M.; van ’t Ent, Dennis; Van Tol, Marie-Jose; Vardarajan, Badri N.; Vellas, Bruno; Veltman, Dick J.; Völzke, Henry; Walter, Henrik; Wardlaw, Joanna M.; Wassink, Thomas H.; Weale, Michael E.; Weinberger, Daniel R.; Weiner, Michael W.; Wen, Wei; Westman, Eric; White, Tonya; Wong, Tien Y.; Wright, Clinton B.; Zielke, Ronald H.; Zonderman, Alan B.; Martin, Nicholas G.; Van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Wright, Margaret J.; Longstreth, W. T.; Schumann, Gunter; Grabe, Hans J.; Franke, Barbara; Launer, Lenore J.; Medland, Sarah E.; Seshadri, Sudha; Thompson, Paul M.; Ikram, M. Arfan (Springer Nature, 2017-01-18)
  • Wagner, Bettina; Perkins, Gillian; Babasyan, Susanna; Freer, Heather; Keggan, Alison; Goodman, Laura B.; Glaser, Amy; Þorsteinsdóttir, Sigurbjörg; Svansson, Vilhjálmur; Björnsdóttir, Sigríður (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-01-03)
    Neonatal foals respond poorly to conventional vaccines. These vaccines typically target T-helper (Th) cell dependent B-cell activation. However, Th2-cell immunity is impaired in foals during the first three months of life. In contrast, neonatal basophils ...
  • Hjálmarsdóttir, Martha Ásdís; Quirk, Sigríður Júlía; Haraldsson, Gunnsteinn; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Haraldsson, Ásgeir; Kristinsson, Karl G. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-01-26)
    Background Information on pneumococcal serotype distribution before vaccination is a prerequisite for evaluation of vaccine effect. The aim was to investigate the prevalence of pneumococcal serotypes isolated from middle ear (ME), lower respiratory ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Sigríður (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-03)
    Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is a type I allergy of horses with production of IgE and release of inflammatory mediators. It is caused by bites of midges of the genus Culicoides. The disease is a recurrent dermatitis characterized by pruritic skin ...
  • Sitek, Anna; Ţolea, Mugurel; Niţă, Marian; Serra, Llorenç; Gudmundsson, Vidar; Manolescu, Andrei (Springer Nature, 2017-01-10)
    We study Coulomb interacting electrons confined in polygonal quantum rings. We focus on the interplay of localization at the polygon corners and Coulomb repulsion. Remarkably, the Coulomb repulsion allows the formation of in-gap states, i.e., ...
  • Miličić, Vesna; Thorarinsdottir, Ragnheidur; Santos, Maria; Hančič, Maja (MDPI AG, 2017-01-31)
    The first commercial aquaponics companies are starting up in Europe. The main focus has been on solving technology issues and optimizing production. However, increasing attention is now being paid to certification and regulations linked to aquaponics, ...

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