Háskóli Íslands

University of Iceland
 

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  • Pan, Emily; Guðbjartsson, Tómas; Ahlsson, Anders; Fuglsang, Simon; Geirsson, Arnar; Hansson, Emma C.; Hjortdal, Vibeke; Jeppsson, Anders; Järvelä, Kati; Mennander, Ari; Nozohoor, Shahab; Olsson, Christian; Wickbom, Anders; Zindovic, Igor; Gunn, Jarmo (Elsevier BV, 2018-09)
    Objectives: To describe the relationship between the extent of primary aortic repair and the incidence of reoperations after surgery for type A aortic dissection. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 1159 patients treated for type A aortic dissection at ...
  • Gunnlaugsson, Geir; Einarsdóttir, Jónína (Wiley, 2018-04-24)
    Aim: This review examined and summarised the research published on child abuse in Iceland, which was mainly in the country's native language, to make the findings more accessible to English speakers. It specifically focused on child rearing and the ...
  • Mangin, Tracey; Costello, Christopher; Anderson, James; Arnason, Ragnar; Elliott, Matthew; Gaines, Steve D.; Hilborn, Ray; Peterson, Emily; Sumaila, Rashid (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-09-20)
    Many analyses of fishery recovery have demonstrated the potential biological and economic benefits of management reform, but few have compared these to the associated costs of management upgrades, which can be substantial. This study aims to determine ...
  • Olsen, S.F.; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Thorne-Lyman, A.L.; Strøm, M.; Gørtz, S.; Granstrøm, C.; Nielsen, P.H.; Wohlfahrt, J.; Lykke, J.A.; Langhoff-Roos, J.; Cohen, A.S.; Furtado, J.D.; Giovannucci, E.L.; Zhou, W. (Elsevier BV, 2018-09)
    Background: Fish oil supplementation has been shown to delay spontaneous delivery, but the levels and clinical significance remain uncertain. We examined the association between plasma fatty acids quantified in pregnancy and subsequent risk of early ...
  • Ngeow, Kao Chin; Friedrichsen, Hans J.; Li, Linxin; Zeng, Zhiqiang; Andrews, Sarah; Volpon, Laurent; Brunsdon, Hannah; Berridge, Georgina; Picaud, Sarah; Fischer, Roman; Lisle, Richard; Knapp, Stefan; Filippakopoulos, Panagis; Knowles, Helen; Steingrimsson, Eirikur; Borden, Katherine L. B.; Patton, E. Elizabeth; Goding, Colin R. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018-08-27)
    The close integration of the MAPK, PI3K, and WNT signaling pathways underpins much of development and is deregulated in cancer. In principle, combinatorial posttranslational modification of key lineage-specific transcription factors would be an effective ...
  • Björnsson, Þorsteinn; Þórólfsdóttir, Rósa B.; Sveinbjörnsson, Garðar; Sulem, Patrick; Norðdahl, Guðmundur L.; Helgadóttir, Anna; Grétarsdóttir, Sólveig; Magnusdóttir, Auður; Danielsen, Ragnar; Sigurðsson, Emil L.; Adalsteinsdottir, Berglind; Gunnarsson, Sverrir I; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Arnar, Davíð O.; Helgason, Hróðmar; Guðbjartsson, Tómas; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Holm, Hilma; Stefansson, Kari (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-03-24)
    Aims Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) accounts for 4-8% of congenital heart defects (CHDs) and confers substantial morbidity despite treatment. It is increasingly recognized as a highly heritable condition. The aim of the study was to search for sequence ...
  • Janson, Christer; Johannessen, Ane; Franklin, Karl; Svanes, Cecilie; Schiöler, Linus; Malinovschi, Andrei; Gislason, Thorarinn; Benediktsdottir, Bryndis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Jõgi, Rain; Jarvis, Deborah; Lindberg, Eva (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-09-12)
    Background: The aim of this investigation was to study change in adults over a 20 year period in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and disorders and its association to year of birth, life style and sleep related variables. Method: Adults 20-44 ...
  • Aldi, Silvia; Matic, Ljubica Perisic; Hamm, Gregory; van Keulen, Daniëlle; Tempel, Dennie; Holmstrøm, Kim; Szwajda, Agnieszka; Nielsen, Boye Schnack; Emilsson, Valur; Ait-Belkacem, Rima; Lengquist, Mariette; Paulsson-Berne, Gabrielle; Eriksson, Per; Lindeman, Jan H.N.; Gool, Alain J.; Stauber, Jonathan; Hedin, Ulf; Hurt-Camejo, Eva (Elsevier BV, 2018-09-21)
    Variants in thePLPP3gene encoding for lipid phosphatephosphohydrolase 3 have been associated with susceptibilityto atherosclerosis independently of classical risk factors.PLPP3 inactivates lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a pro-inflam-matory, pro-thrombotic ...
  • Bard, Imre; Gaskell, George; Allansdottir, Agnes; da Cunha, Rui Vieira; Eduard, Peter; Hampel, Juergen; Hildt, Elisabeth; Hofmaier, Christian; Kronberger, Nicole; Laursen, Sheena; Meijknecht, Anna; Nordal, Salvör; Quintanilha, Alexandre; Revuelta, Gema; Saladié, Núria; Sándor, Judit; Santos, Júlio Borlido; Seyringer, Simone; Singh, Ilina; Somsen, Han; Toonders, Winnie; Torgersen, Helge; Torre, Vincent; Varju, Márton; Zwart, Hub (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-05-01)
    Neuroenhancement involves the use of neurotechnologies to improve cognitive, affective or behavioural functioning, where these are not judged to be clinically impaired. Questions about enhancement have become one of the key topics of neuroethics over ...
  • Óskarsdóttir, Gerður G. (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    Frumkvæði og sköpun nemenda eru áhersluþættir í íslenskum lögum og námskrá fyrir framhaldsskóla. Sömu áherslur má sjá í fjölþjóðlegri stefnumörkun í menntamálum. Gera má ráð fyrir að þær byggist á umfjöllun fræðimanna í nánast heila öld um mikilvægi ...
  • Magnúsdóttir, Berglind Rós; Garðarsdóttir, Unnur Edda (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    Á síðustu áratugum hefur töluvert verið rætt um skólavalsstefnur, þar sem árangur á afmörkuðu sviði ræður alfarið aðgengi nemenda að bóknámsbrautum í tilteknum skólum. Skólinn hefur á síðustu áratugum orðið mikilvægur liður í félags- og menningarlegri ...
  • Ragnarsdóttir, Guðrún (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    Niðurstöður rannsókna á erlendum vettvangi sýna flókið samspil ytri og innri afla sem hafa áhrif á menntabreytingar. Markmið þessarar greinar er að fjalla um kviku menntabreytinga í íslenskum framhaldsskólum og sýn skólastjórnenda og kennara í níu ...
  • Sigurgeirsson, Ingvar; Eiriksdottir, Elsa; Jóhannesson, Ingólfur Ásgeir (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    Í þessari grein er brugðið upp mynd af kennsluaðferðum sem framhaldsskólakennarar notuðu í 130 kennslustundum og því hvaða aðferðir voru algengastar í ólíkum námsgreinum eða námsgreinasviðum. Gerð er grein fyrir ýmsum líkönum sem hafa verið notuð ...
  • Bjarnadóttir, Valgerður S (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    The aim of this study is to explore how teachers from various academic subjects and programmes describe their pedagogic practice, particularly regarding students’ opportunities to influence what and how they learn, and whether and how their descriptions ...
  • Sigurðardóttir, Anna Kristín; Magnúsdóttir, Sigrún Harpa (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    Í þessari rannsókn er leitast við að varpa ljósi á hugmyndir framhaldsskólanemenda um kjöraðstæður til náms samanborið við þær aðstæður sem þeir búa við og möguleika þeirra til að hafa áhrif þar á. Áhrif nemenda á eigið námsumhverfi tengjast hugmyndum um ...
  • Lichoro, Charles Muturia (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-12-13)
    An extensive geophysical survey comprising over 400 MT and 515 gravity stations on the Korosi, Paka and Silali volcanoes in the northern Kenya rift was conducted in order to assess the occurrence of geothermal resources in the context of the geophysics ...
  • Bergsdóttir, Ásgerður; Magnúsdóttir, Berglind Rós (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    Lengi framan af var framhaldsskólamenntun til stúdentsprófs aðeins fyrir fáa útvalda úr efri lögum samfélagsins. Með tímanum jókst aðgengið og nú er framhaldsskólum á Íslandi skylt að mennta öll ungmenni undir 18 ára aldri sem lokið hafa grunnskólaprófi. ...
  • Óskarsdóttir, Gerður G. (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    Lýðræði í skólastarfi hefur borið hátt í alþjóðlegri umræðu um og eftir síðustu aldamót í kjölfar verkefna Evrópuráðsins og Evrópusambandsins um lýðræði í menntun og borgaravitund. Áhrifa þeirra gætir í íslenskum aðalnámskrám frá 2011. Í aðalnámskrá ...
  • Tarsi, Matteo (Isländska sällskapet, 2019)
    In this article, textual variation with reference to loanwords and respective native words is addressed. Examples are taken from two sagas of the Icelanders, Egils saga Skallagrímssonar and Gísla saga Súrssonar. Whereas, in the former, only one significant ...
  • Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes; Kapralova, Kalina; Franzdottir, Sigridur Rut; Bergsveinsdóttir, Þóra Margrét; Hafstað, Völundur; Jónsson, Zophonías Oddur; Snorrason, Sigurður S.; Palsson, Arnar (Wiley, 2019-09-12)
    The availability of diverse ecological niches can promote adaptation of trophic specializations and related traits, as has been repeatedly observed in evolutionary radiations of freshwater fish. The role of genetics, environment, and history in ...

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