Opin vísindi

Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by School "School of Health Sciences (UI)"

Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by School "School of Health Sciences (UI)"

Sort by: Order: Results:

  • Jónsdóttir, Sigríður (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-03)
    Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is a type I allergy of horses with production of IgE and release of inflammatory mediators. It is caused by bites of midges of the genus Culicoides. The disease is a recurrent dermatitis characterized by pruritic skin ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Inga María (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, 2020-11)
    Visual attention has traditionally been studied with single-target search tasks where observers look for a single target and make a response, then the search is over and the trial ends. These studies have furthered our knowledge of visual attention ...
  • Armesto Jimenez, Amaranta (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-08-17)
    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe lung disease with unknown aetiology. The lifespan is approximately 3 to 5 years after diagnosis, and the treatments available such as lung transplant are high risk and are not suitable for all patients. In ...
  • Eysteinsdóttir, Jenna Huld (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-12-08)
    Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease with profound effects on psychosocial wellbeing. Narrowband UVB phototherapy is a known effective treatment for chronic plaque psoriasis and previous studies suggest an ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Ása Bryndís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06-04)
    Lækningamáttur Bláa Lónsins var uppgötvaður af sórasjúklingum skömmu eftir myndun þess og hafa jákvæð áhrif böðunar í lóninu verið staðfest í klínískum rannsóknum. Enn fremur hefur verið sýnt að böðun í lóninu samhliða UVB meðferð sé árangursríkari en ...
  • Þórólfsdóttir, Rósa B. (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-09)
    Introduction and aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and its complex pathophysiology is incompletely understood. At the time of beginning of this work, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on AF had yielded ...
  • Stefánsdóttir, Vigdís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-09)
    The overall aim of this PhD thesis was to cohesively assess the availability and use of electronic genealogy databases and information from cancer registries to construct electronically generated pedigrees for risk assessment in genetic counselling. ...
  • Elíasdóttir, Ólöf (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020)
    Purpose and aims: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that leads to damage in the central nervous system. Although the cause of MS is still unknown, the generally accepted view is that environmental and life-style factors influence the ...
  • Hjálmarsdóttir, Martha Ásdís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medcine, 2016-10-14)
    Streptococcus pneumoniae, pneumókokkar, sem ekki voru næmir fyrir penisillíni (PÓP) fundust fyrst á Íslandi 1988 og urðu á fjórum árum 20% allra pneumókokka stofna sem greindust hjá sjúklingum. Flestir voru þeir af hjúpgerð 6Bii/E, CC90. Árið 2011 ...
  • Hermanowicz, Stefan (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-05)
    The DNA damage response is crucial to maintaining the integrity of DNA and the health of a cell. Unrepaired lesions within the DNA can lead to genomic instability and potentially aid in the formation of diseases such as cancer. Some cancers possess ...
  • Thorsteinsdottir, Lilja (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020-03)
    Íslenski hesturinn er eini hestastofninn á Íslandi. Hestar voru fluttir hingað við landnám og hafa verið hreinræktaðir síðan. Vegna landfræðilegrar einangrunar er stofninn berskjaldaður fyrir mörgum sjúkdómsvöldum sem herja á hesta í öðrum löndum. ...
  • Löve, Arndís Sue Ching (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2021-06-04)
    Mælingar á fíkniefnum og lyfseðilsskyldum lyfjum í frárennslisvatni hafa undanfarin ár verið notaðar til þess að meta notkun efnanna. Aðferðafræðin byggir á þeirri kenningu að hægt sé að líta á frárennslisvatn sem samansafn þvagsýna frá heilu samfélagi. ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, 2018-01)
    Aim: The aim of this Ph.D. thesis is to enhance understanding of the relation between maternal diet, gestational weight gain (GWG), and offspring’s cardio-metabolic factors. Moreover, the objective is to identify dietary predictors for excessive GWG. ...
  • Jonsdottir-Buch, Sandra Mjoll (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-09-15)
    Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are promising candidates for cellular therapy due to their ability to regenerate bone and cartilage and modulate immune responses. The use of MSC in cellular therapy is problematic due to the need for fetal bovine serum ...
  • Costa, Margarida (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2018-12)
    The ocean represents a tremendous source of biologically active metabolites with great potential for the development of new pharmaceuticals. Marine sponges and their microbial associates are known as the most prolific source of structurally diverse and ...
  • Snook, Abigail Grover (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020-05-27)
    Aims: In this research, the focus was on ways to support health science educators’ efforts to improve the quality of their teaching within their specific contexts. The main aim was three-fold: to support sessional faculty (SF) by first exploring ...
  • Vidarsdottir, Harpa (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2021)
    Markmið: Að kanna áhættuþætti fyrir fæðingu mikilla þungbura (fæðingarþyngd ≥5000 g) og hugsanlegar afleiðingar þess fyrir móður og barn (grein 1). Að meta efnaskipti mikilla þungbura með því að skoða mynstur þeirra amínósýra og acylkarnitína sem mæld ...
  • Briem, Eiríkur (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018)
    Brjóstkirtillinn er myndaður af greinóttum kirtilgöngum sem umluktir eru æðaþelsríkum bandvef. Brjóstakrabbamein á upptök í kirtilþekjufrumum í endum kirtilganga. Brjóstakrabbameinsfrumur nýta sér ferli sem kallast bandvefsumbreyting þekjuvefjar til ...
  • Budková, Zuzana (2021-04)
    A better understanding of normal organ development can give deeper insight into which genes are harnessed by aberrant cells during cancer formation and progression. In my thesis, I have investigated two seemingly different, however, related, developmental ...
  • Björnsson, Eyþór (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2021-10-08)
    Kransæðasjúkdómur dregur fleiri til dauða á hverju ári en nokkur annar sjúkdómur á heimsvísu. Sjúkdómurinn einkennist af framvindu æðakölkunar, sem er flókið og margþætt ferli. Á undanförnum 14 árum hafa rannsóknir með víðtækri erfðamengisleit leitt ...