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Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Title

Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Title

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  • Juncu, Daniel (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2018-01)
    Deformation of geothermal reservoirs is a growing topic in the field of crustal deformation research. The deformation behavior of a geothermal resource can give us insight about its sustainability and can help to increase our understanding of reservoir ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Sigríður (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-03)
    Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is a type I allergy of horses with production of IgE and release of inflammatory mediators. It is caused by bites of midges of the genus Culicoides. The disease is a recurrent dermatitis characterized by pruritic skin ...
  • Armesto Jimenez, Amaranta (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-08-17)
    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe lung disease with unknown aetiology. The lifespan is approximately 3 to 5 years after diagnosis, and the treatments available such as lung transplant are high risk and are not suitable for all patients. In ...
  • Brynjólfsson, Skafti (Norwegian University of Science and Technology; University of Iceland, 2015-09)
    This thesis describes the glacial history, glacier dynamics, sediments and landforms of the Drangajökull ice cap as well as the glacial history and dynamics of the eastern Vestfirðir peninsula in northwest Iceland from the Late Weichselian until present. ...
  • Larranaga, Nicolas (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2016-11)
    Diel activity, the partitioning of time between periods of activity and rest, gives insights into how organisms compete for resources in time. Some species show plasticity in the rate and timing of their activity, which enables to study associations ...
  • Nyamweya, Chrispine (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2017-01)
    Lake Victoria is of immense ecological and socio-economic significance for the riparian communities. However, the lake is faced with human induced pressures such as overfishing, introduction of alien species, increased eutrophication and climate change ...
  • Silva, Teresa Sofia Giesta da (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2018-12-14)
    Krill are an important component of the Icelandic marine ecosystem. Given their important ecological niche, as conveyors of biological production between phytoplankton and higher trophic levels, fluctuations in krill abundance can have large impacts ...
  • Eysteinsdóttir, Jenna Huld (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-12-08)
    Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease with profound effects on psychosocial wellbeing. Narrowband UVB phototherapy is a known effective treatment for chronic plaque psoriasis and previous studies suggest an ...
  • Kubiriza, Godfrey (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2017-06)
    Although conditions for aquaculture in Uganda and East-Africa are favourable, production remains low. One of the primary limitations to aquaculture development in the region is the lack of economical aquafeeds produced from local raw materials. In ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Ása Bryndís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06-04)
    Lækningamáttur Bláa Lónsins var uppgötvaður af sórasjúklingum skömmu eftir myndun þess og hafa jákvæð áhrif böðunar í lóninu verið staðfest í klínískum rannsóknum. Enn fremur hefur verið sýnt að böðun í lóninu samhliða UVB meðferð sé árangursríkari en ...
  • Þórólfsdóttir, Rósa B. (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-09)
    Introduction and aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and its complex pathophysiology is incompletely understood. At the time of beginning of this work, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on AF had yielded ...
  • Khosa, Rabia Yasmin (2017)
    Silicon is a semiconductor material used in most power devices and the Si metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) is the key switching device for high power applications. Recently silicon carbide (SiC) MOSFETs have emerged on the ...
  • Lévy, Léa (Paris Sciences et Lettres, Laboratoire de Géologie de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure and University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-04)
    The electrical signature of volcanoes is affected by several characteristics of rocks: volume and salinity of pore fluid, abundance of conductive minerals, rock temperature and presence of molten crust (magma). Electromagnetic soundings are widely used ...
  • Stefánsdóttir, Vigdís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-09)
    The overall aim of this PhD thesis was to cohesively assess the availability and use of electronic genealogy databases and information from cancer registries to construct electronically generated pedigrees for risk assessment in genetic counselling. ...
  • Elíasdóttir, Ólöf (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020)
    Purpose and aims: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that leads to damage in the central nervous system. Although the cause of MS is still unknown, the generally accepted view is that environmental and life-style factors influence the ...
  • Hjálmarsdóttir, Martha Ásdís (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medcine, 2016-10-14)
    Streptococcus pneumoniae, pneumókokkar, sem ekki voru næmir fyrir penisillíni (PÓP) fundust fyrst á Íslandi 1988 og urðu á fjórum árum 20% allra pneumókokka stofna sem greindust hjá sjúklingum. Flestir voru þeir af hjúpgerð 6Bii/E, CC90. Árið 2011 ...
  • Hermanowicz, Stefan (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-05)
    The DNA damage response is crucial to maintaining the integrity of DNA and the health of a cell. Unrepaired lesions within the DNA can lead to genomic instability and potentially aid in the formation of diseases such as cancer. Some cancers possess ...
  • Thorsteinsdottir, Lilja (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020-03)
    Íslenski hesturinn er eini hestastofninn á Íslandi. Hestar voru fluttir hingað við landnám og hafa verið hreinræktaðir síðan. Vegna landfræðilegrar einangrunar er stofninn berskjaldaður fyrir mörgum sjúkdómsvöldum sem herja á hesta í öðrum löndum. ...
  • Mökkönen, Harri (Aalto University, Helsinki;University of Iceland, Reykjavik, 2016)
    A polymer escaping from a confining external potential represents a generic description of long macromolecules crossing an energy barrier. This type of barrier crossing problems are typical in nano- and microscale polymeric systems, where the polymers ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, 2018-01)
    Aim: The aim of this Ph.D. thesis is to enhance understanding of the relation between maternal diet, gestational weight gain (GWG), and offspring’s cardio-metabolic factors. Moreover, the objective is to identify dietary predictors for excessive GWG. ...