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Browsing by Subject "Börn"

Browsing by Subject "Börn"

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  • Tomasdottir, Margret O.; Bjornsdottir, Amalia; Getz, Linn; Steingrimsdottir, Thora; Ólafsdóttir, Ólöf A.; Kristjánsdóttir, Hildur; Sigurðsson, Jóhann A. (Informa UK Limited, 2016-10-08)
    Objective: To study the self-reported prevalence of experienced violence among a cohort of women about two years after giving birth, their health during pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes and their experience of their child ’ s health. Setting and ...
  • Kristinsdóttir, Guðrún; Árnadóttir, Hervör Alma (Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands, 2015-11-21)
    Markmiðið með greininni er að varpa ljósi á reynslu rannsakenda af því að fá formleg leyfi og aðgengi að börnum til að rannsaka hagi þeirra og ræða við þau um málefni sem þau varða. Tilgangurinn er að efla umræðu um málið og vekja athygli á því hver ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Bergljót Gyða (Háskóli Íslands, Menntavísindasvið, 2020-03-19)
    Flest okkar hafa orðið áþreifanlega vör við útbreiðslu COVID-19 sýkingarinnar og samfélagslegar afleiðingar hennar. Mörg okkar finna fyrir mikilli óvissu í þessum aðstæðum og því eðlilegt að fólk á öllum aldri, ekki síst börn og ungmenni, finni fyrir ...
  • Einarsson, Ingi; Daly, Daniel; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Jóhannsson, Erlingur (Læknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkur, 2015-04-01)
    Lítið er vitað um hreyfingu, holdafar og áhættuþætti fyrir ýmsum hjarta-, æða- og efnaskiptasjúkdómum á meðal barna með þroskahömlun. Tilgangur þessarar rannsóknar var að kanna líkamlegt ástand grunnskólabarna með þroskahömlun. Efniviður og ...
  • Chen, Ruoqing; Fall, Katja; Czene, Kamila; Kennedy, Beatrice; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Fang, Fang (Dove Medical Press Ltd., 2018-05)
    Background: A parental cancer diagnosis is a stressful life event, potentially leading to increased risks of mental and physical problems among children. This study aimed to investigate the associations of parental cancer with IQ, stress resilience, ...
  • Eyþórsson, Elías; Sigurdsson, Samuel; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Hrafnkelsson, Birgir; Kristinsson, Karl G.; Haraldsson, Ásgeir (Wiley, 2019-01-22)
    Aim: The aim was to estimate the impact of the 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine (PHiD-CV) on tympanostomy tube placements (TTP) in children under five years of age in Iceland. Methods: This population-based observational cohort study followed 11 consecutive ...
  • García-Hermoso, Antonio; Saavedra, Jose M; Escalante, Yolanda; Domínguez, Ana (MDPI AG, 2018-01-11)
    Obese children are usually less active than their normal-weight counterparts, although the reasons for this remain unclear. The objective of the present study was to determine how a long-term program (3 years of intervention and 6 months of follow-up ...
  • Sigmundsson, Hermundur; Eriksen, Adrian D.; Ofteland, Greta Storm; Haga, Monika (Frontiers Media SA, 2017-09-08)
    This study explored whether there is a gender difference in letter-sound knowledge when children start at school. 485 children aged 5-6 years completed assessment of letter-sound knowledge, i.e., large letters; sound of large letters; small letters; ...
  • Hlodversdottir, Heidrun; Þorsteinsdóttir, Harpa; Þórðardóttir, Edda Björk; Njardvik, Urdur; Pétursdóttir, Guðrún; Hauksdóttir, Arna (Informa UK Limited, 2018-03-05)
    Background: More than 500 million people worldwide live within exposure range of an active volcano and children are a vulnerable subgroup of such exposed populations. However, studies on the effects of volcanic eruptions on children’s health beyond the ...
  • de Fine Licht, Sofie; Rugbjerg, Kathrine; Gudmundsdottir, Thorgerdur; Bonnesen, Trine G.; Asdahl, Peter Haubjerg; Holmqvist, Anna Sällfors; Madanat-Harjuoja, Laura; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Wesenberg, Finn; Hasle, Henrik; Winther, Jeanette F.; Olsen, Jørgen H. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-05-09)
    Background Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for a wide range of late effects. However, no large population-based studies have included the whole range of somatic diagnoses including subgroup diagnoses and all main types of childhood ...
  • Nigatu, Yeshambel Tesfa; Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-04-20)
    A double burden of malnutrition occurs when individuals, household members or communities experience both undernutrition and overweight. Here, we show geospatial estimates of overweight and wasting prevalence among children under 5 years of age in 105 ...
  • Varðardóttir, Birna; Margeirsdóttir, Elísabet; Olafsdottir, Steingerdur; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður (Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands, 2017-12-31)
    Fjöldi íslenskra barna stundar æfingar hjá íþróttafélögum í frítíma sínum og mótast börnin á ýmsan hátt af umhverfi íþróttamiðstöðva og nágrennis. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að rannsaka fæðuval 10–18 ára barna í tengslum við íþróttaæfingar þeirra ...
  • Kristjansson, Alfgeir; Þórisdóttir, Ingibjörg E.; Steingrimsdottir, Thora; Allegrante, John; Lilly, Christa L.; Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2017-05-28)
    Research on the impact of maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) on scholastic achievement in the offspring has shown conflicting findings. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of MSDP on scholastic achievement in a birth cohort of ...
  • Nowenstein, Iris; Sigurjónsdóttir, Sigríður; Yang, Charles; Ingason, Anton; Wallenberg, Joel (Cascadilla Press, 2020)
    Do children use the same resources to learn verb meaning across languages? One approach to language acquisition in which universality has been extensively debated is the syntactic bootstrapping hypothesis, which proposes that children use the ...
  • Chapman, Jennifer; Halldorsson, Brynjar; Creswell, Cathy (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-04)
    Current cognitive models of social anxiety disorder (SAD) in adults indicate that negative self-images play a pivotal role in maintaining the disorder. However, little is known about the role of negative imagery in the maintenance of social anxiety for ...
  • Sævarsson, Elvar Smári; Svansdottir, Erla; Sveinsson, Thorarinn; Asgeirsdottir, Tinna Laufey; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Johannsson, Erlingur (SAGE Publications, 2017-06-30)
    Aims: The aims of this study were to study the correlation between lifestyle-related factors, such as organized leisure-time sport participation (OLSP), cardiorespiratory fitness, and adiposity, and academic achievement among preadolescents. Methods: ...
  • Knudsen, Gerd Toril Mørkve; Dharmage, Shyamali; Janson, Christer; Abramson, Michael J.; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Malinovschi, Andrei; Skulstad, Svein Magne; Bertelsen, Randi Jacobsen; Real, Francisco Gomez; Schlünssen, Vivi; Jõgi, Nils Oskar; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Holm, Mathias; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith; Forsberg, Bertil; Svanes, Cecilie; Johannessen, Ane (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2020-07-06)
    Emerging evidence suggests that parents’ preconception exposures may influence offspring health. We aimed to investigate maternal and paternal smoking onset in specific time windows in relation to offspring body mass index (BMI) and fat mass index ...
  • Sævarsson, Elvar Smári (University of Iceland, 2018-11)
    Background: The academic performance of children has been correlated with their future educational attainment and health and has therefore been viewed as a public health concern. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are known to exert many ...
  • Sverrisson, Friðgeir A.; Bateman, Brian T.; Aspelund, Thor; Skúlason, Sigurgrímur; Zoega, Helga (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-11-21)
    Background Hypertensive disorders complicate up to 10% of pregnancies. Evidence suggests a potential association between maternal hypertensive disorders during pregnancy, particularly preeclampsia, and adverse neurodevelopment in the offspring, but ...
  • Ludyga, Sebastian; Koutsandréou, Flora; Reuter, Eva-Maria; Voelcker-Rehage, Claudia; Budde, Henning (MDPI AG, 2019-02-04)
    Whereas aerobic training has found to be beneficial for inhibitory control, less is known on the efficiency of other exercise types in children. The present study compared the effects of aerobic and coordinative training on behavioral and neurophysiological ...