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Browsing Greinar - HA by School "Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)"

Browsing Greinar - HA by School "Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)"

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  • Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg; Sigurdardottir, Arun K. (Læknafélag Íslands, 2015-02)
    Inngangur: Sykursýki er vaxandi vandamál meðal eldra fólks og einn af áhættuþáttum fyrir flutning á hjúkrunarheimili. Ennfremur er sjúkdómabyrði og lyfjanotkun þeirra sem eru með sykursýki oft meiri. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að skoða algengi ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Smárason, Alexander; Hardardottir, Hildur; Halldorsson, Thorhallur (MDPI AG, 2019-08-11)
    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is predominantly a lifestyle disease, with diet being an important modifiable risk factor. A major obstacle for the prevention in clinical practice is the complexity of assessing diet. In a cohort of 1651 Icelandic ...
  • Arnardóttir, Nanna Ýr; Óskarsdóttir, Nína Dóra; Brychta, Robert J.; Koster, Annemarie; van Domelen, Dane R.; Caserotti, Paolo; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Sverrisdóttir, Jóhanna E.; Jóhannsson, Erlingur; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara B.; Chen, Kong Y.; Sveinsson, Thorarinn (MDPI AG, 2017-10-21)
    In Iceland, there is a large variation in daylight between summer and winter. The aim of the study was to identify how this large variation influences physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB). Free living PA was measured by a waist-worn ...
  • Ásgeirsson, Árni; Nordfang, Maria; Sørensen, Thomas Alrik (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2015-08-07)
    Grapheme-color synesthesia is a condition where the perception of graphemes consistently and automatically evokes an experience of non-physical color. Many have studied how synesthesia affects the processing of achromatic graphemes, but less is known ...
  • Sigurgeirsdottir, Jonina; Halldorsdottir, Sigridur; Arnardóttir, Ragnheiður Harpa; Gudmundsson, Gunnar; Björnsson, Eythor (Dove Medical Press Ltd., 2019-05-16)
    Background: COPD is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to explore patients’ experiences, self-reported needs, and needs-driven strategies to cope with self-management of COPD. Patients and methods: In this phenomenological ...
  • Gestsdottir, Sunna; Svansdottir, Erla; Sigurðsson, Héðinn; Arnarsson, Arsaell; Ommundsen, Yngvar; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Sveinsson, Thorarinn; Jóhannsson, Erlingur (Termedia Sp. z.o.o., 2018)
    background Body image dissatisfaction has been linked with a range of adverse psychosocial outcomes in both genders and has become an important public health issue. Across all ages, women have reported being more dissatisfied with their bodies ...
  • van der Berg, Julianne D.; Stehouwer, Coen D.A.; Bosma, Hans; Caserotti, Paolo; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Arnardóttir, Nanna Ýr; Van Domelen, Dane R.; Brychta, Robert J.; Chen, Kong Y.; Sveinsson, Thorarinn; Johannsson, Erlingur; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Jónsson, Pálmi V.; Harris, Tamara B.; Koster, Annemarie (Informa UK Limited, 2019-03-30)
    Dynamic sitting, such as fidgeting and desk work, might be associated with health, but remains difficult toidentify out of accelerometry data. We examined, in a laboratory study, whether dynamic sitting can beidentified out of triaxial activity counts. ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Kristín; Sigurðardóttir, Zuilma Gabriela; Ala'i-Rosales, Shahla (American Psychological Association (APA), 2017-04)
    This article describes the development and results of behavioral training via telecommunication for three caregivers of children with autism. A single-subject, multiple baseline experimental design, replicated across caregivers, preschool children with ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Stefansson, Olafur A.; Gunnarsdottir, Kristbjorg; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Stefansdottir, Lilja; Juliusson, Kristinn; Ágústsdóttir, Arna B.; Zink, Florian; Halldorsson, Gisli; Ivarsdottir, Erna V.; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Jonsson, Hakon; Gylfason, Arnaldur; Norland, Kristjan; Trajanoska, Katerina; Boer, Cindy G.; Southam, Lorraine; Leung, Jason C. S.; Tang, Nelson L. S.; Kwok, Timothy C. Y.; Lee, Jenny S. W.; Ho, Suzanne C.; Byrjalsen, Inger; Center, Jacqueline R.; Lee, Seung Hun; Koh, Jung-Min; Lohmander, L. Stefan; Ho-Pham, Lan T.; Nguyen, Tuan V.; Eisman, John A.; Woo, Jean; Leung, Ping-C.; Loughlin, John; Zeggini, Eleftheria; Christiansen, Claus; Rivadeneira, Fernando; van Meurs, Joyce; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Mogensen, Brynjólfur; Jonsson, Helgi; Ingvarsson, Þorvaldur; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Benediktsson, Rafn; Sulem, Patrick; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Másson, Gísli; Holm, Hilma; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-05-03)
    Bone area is one measure of bone size that is easily derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans. In a GWA study of DXA bone area of the hip and lumbar spine (N ≥ 28,954), we find thirteen independent association signals at twelve loci ...
  • Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg; Ólafsson, Kjartan; Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Arnardóttir, Ragnheiður Harpa (Læknafélag Íslands, 2019-10-01)
    INNGANGUR Fjölmargir þættir hafa áhrif á þjónustuþörf og lifun íbúa hjúkrunarheimila, meðal annars inntökuskilyrði fyrir flutningi á hjúkrunarheimili. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að athuga hvort munur væri á heilsufari, lifun og forspárgildi mismunandi ...
  • Aðalsteinsdóttir, Sólveig; Tryggvadóttir, Ellen Alma; Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Hardardottir, Hildur; Arohonka, Petra; Erlund, Iris; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (SNF Swedish Nutrition Foundation, 2020-01-06)
    Background: Historically, Iceland has been an iodine-sufficient nation due to notably high fish and milk consumption. Recent data suggest that the intake of these important dietary sources of iodine has decreased considerably. Objective: To evaluate ...
  • Ásgeirsson, Árni; Kristjansson, Arni (Frontiers Media SA, 2014-04-10)
    Consistent financial reward of particular features influences the allocation of visual attention in many ways. More surprising are 1-trial reward priming effects on attention where reward schedules are random and reward on one trial influences attentional ...
  • Ketilsdóttir, Auður; Ingadottir, Brynja; Jaarsma, Tiny (Wiley, 2018-10-18)
    Aims: There are indications that economic crises can affect public health. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics, health status, and socio-economic status of outpatient heart failure (HF) patients several years after a national economic ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Gudjonsson, Sigurjon A.; Sigurdsson, Asgeir; Center, Jacqueline R.; Lee, Seung Hun; Nguyen, Tuan V.; Kwok, Timothy C.Y.; Lee, Jenny S.W.; Ho, Suzanne C.; Woo, Jean; Leung, Ping-C.; Kim, Beom-Jun; Rafnar, Thorunn; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Ingvarsson, Þorvaldur; Koh, Jung-Min; Tang, Nelson L.S.; Eisman, John A.; Christiansen, Claus; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2016-01-06)
    Bone mineral density (BMD) is a measure of osteoporosis and is useful in evaluating the risk of fracture. In a genome-wide association study of BMD among 20,100 Icelanders, with follow-up in 10,091 subjects of European and East-Asian descent, we found ...
  • Gustafsdottir, Sonja Stelly; Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Arnadottir, Solveig A; Heimisson, Guðmundur Torfi; Mårtensson, Lena (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-01-14)
    BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) is defined as the knowledge and competences of people to meet the complex demands of health in modern society. It is an important factor in ensuring positive health outcomes, yet Iceland is one of many countries with ...