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Dynamic sitting: Measurement and associations with metabolic health

Dynamic sitting: Measurement and associations with metabolic health


Title: Dynamic sitting: Measurement and associations with metabolic health
Author: van der Berg, Julianne D.
Stehouwer, Coen D.A.
Bosma, Hans
Caserotti, Paolo
Eiriksdottir, Gudny   orcid.org/0000-0002-8197-0652
Van Domelen, Dane R.
Brychta, Robert J.
Chen, Kong Y.
Sveinsson, Thorarinn   orcid.org/0000-0001-8989-5514
Johannsson, Erlingur
... 6 more authors Show all authors
Date: 2019-03-30
Language: English
Scope: 1-9
University/Institute: Háskólinn á Akureyri
University of Akureyri
Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Hug- og félagsvísindasvið (HA)
School of Humanities and Social Sciences (UA)
Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Health Sciences (UI)
Menntavísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Education (UI)
Department: Kennaradeild (HA)
Faculty of Education (UA)
Rannsóknarstofa í hreyfivísindum (HÍ)
Research Centre for Movement Sciences (UI)
Rannsóknarstofa í íþrótta- og heilsufræði (HÍ)
Research Centre for Sport and Health Sciences (HÍ)
Læknadeild (HÍ)
Faculty of Medicine (UI)
Series: Journal of Sports Sciences;
ISSN: 0264-0414
1466-447X
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1592800
Subject: Dynamic sitting; Sedentary behaviour; Metabolic syndrome; BMI; Accelerometry; Hreyfing (heilsurækt); Líkamsþyngdarstuðull
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1132

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Citation:

Julianne D. van der Berg, Coen D.A. Stehouwer, Hans Bosma, PaoloCaserotti, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Nanna Y. Arnardottir, Dane R. Van Domelen, Robert J. Brychta,Kong Y. Chen, Thorarinn Sveinsson, Erlingur Johannsson, Lenore J. Launer, VilmundurGudnason, Palmi V. Jonsson, Tamara B. Harris & Annemarie Koster (2019): Dynamic sitting:Measurement and associations with metabolic health, Journal of Sports Sciences, DOI:10.1080/02640414.2019.1592800

Abstract:

Dynamic sitting, such as fidgeting and desk work, might be associated with health, but remains difficult toidentify out of accelerometry data. We examined, in a laboratory study, whether dynamic sitting can beidentified out of triaxial activity counts. Among 18 participants (56% men, 27.3 ± 6.5 years), up to 236 countsper minute were recorded in the anteroposterior and mediolateral axes during dynamic sitting using a hip-worn accelerometer. Subsequently, we examined in 621 participants (38% men, 80.0 ± 4.7 years) from theAGES-Reykjavik Study whether dynamic sitting was associated with cardio-metabolic health. Compared toparticipants who recorded the fewest dynamic sitting minutes (Q1), those with more dynamic sittingminutes had a lower BMI (Q2=−1.39 (95%CI =−2.33;–0.46); Q3=−1.87 (−2.82;–0.92); Q4=−3.38 (−4.32;–2.45)), a smaller waist circumference (Q2=−2.95 (−5.44;–0.46); Q3=−3.47 (−6.01;–0.93); Q4=−8.21 (−10.72;–5.71)), and a lower odds for the metabolic syndrome (Q2= 0.74 [0.45;1.20] Q3= 0.58 [0.36;0.95]; Q4=0.36[0.22;0.59]). Our findings suggest that dynamic sitting might be identified using accelerometry and that thisbehaviour was associated with health. This might be important given the large amounts of time peoplespend sitting. Future studies with a focus on validation, causation and physiological pathways are needed tofurther examine the possible relevance of dynamic sitting.

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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/),which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

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