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  • Kristjánsson, Árni; Moldoveanu, Alin; Jóhannesson, Ómar I.; Balan, Oana; Spagnol, Simone; Valgeirsdóttir, Vigdís Vala; Unnthorsson, Runar (IOS Press, 2016-09-21)
    An exciting possibility for compensating for loss of sensory function is to augment deficient senses by conveying missing information through an intact sense. Here we present an overview of techniques that have been developed for sensory substitution ...
  • Spagnol, Simone; Wersényi, György; Bujacz, Michał; Bălan, Oana; Herrera Martínez, Marcelo; Moldoveanu, Alin; Unnthorsson, Runar (Hindawi Limited, 2018)
    Electronic travel aids (ETAs) have been in focus since technology allowed designing relatively small, light, and mobile devices for assisting the visually impaired. Since visually impaired persons rely on spatial audio cues as their primary sense of ...
  • Bessarab, Pavel; Müller, Gideon Philipp; Lobanov, Igor S.; Rybakov, Filipp N.; Kiselev, Nikolai S.; Jónsson, Hannes; Uzdin, Valery M.; Blügel, Stefan; Bergqvist, Lars; Delin, Anna (Springer Nature, 2018-02-21)
    The skyrmion racetrack is a promising concept for future information technology. There, binary bits are carried by nanoscale spin swirls–skyrmions–driven along magnetic strips. Stability of the skyrmions is a critical issue for realising this technology. ...
  • Reginsson, Gunnar W.; Ingason, Andres; Euesden, Jack; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Ólafsson, Sigurgeir; Sigurdsson, Engilbert; Óskarsson, Högni; Tyrfingsson, Þórarinn; Rúnarsdóttir, Valgerður; Hansdóttir, Ingunn; Steinberg, Stacy; Stefánsson, Hreinn; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Thorgeirsson, Thorgeir; Stefánsson, Kári (Wiley, 2017-02-23)
    We use polygenic risk scores (PRSs) for schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BPD) to predict smoking, and addiction to nicotine, alcohol or drugs in individuals not diagnosed with psychotic disorders. Using PRSs for 144 609 subjects, including 10 ...
  • Ricco, L. S.; Dessotti, F. A.; Shelykh, Ivan A.; Figueira, M. S.; Seridonio, A. C. (Springer Nature, 2018-02-12)
    We investigate theoretically thermal and electrical conductances for the system consisting of a quantum dot (QD) connected both to a pair of Majorana fermions residing at the edges of a Kitaev wire and two metallic leads. We demonstrate that both ...
  • Hostiuc, Sorin; Moldoveanu, Alin; Dascălu, Maria-Iuliana; Unnthorsson, Runar; Jóhannesson, Ómar I.; Marcus, Ioan (Springer Nature, 2016-01-15)
    Translational research tries to apply findings from basic science to enhance human health and well-being. Many phases of the translational research may include non-medical tasks (information technology, engineering, nanotechnology, biochemistry, animal ...
  • Balan, Oana; Moldoveanu, Alin; Moldoveanu, Florica; Nagy, Hunor; Wersenyi, Gyorgy; Unnthorsson, Runar (American Foundation for the Blind., 2017-03)
    As the number of people with visual impairments (that is, those who are blind or have low vision) is continuously increasing, rehabilitation and engineering researchers have identified the need to design sensorysubstitution devices that would offer ...
  • Spagnol, Simone; Hoffmann, Rebekka; Herrera Martínez, Marcelo; Unnthorsson, Runar (Elsevier BV, 2018-07)
    Translating visual representations of real environments into auditory feedback is one of the key challenges in the design of an electronic travel aid for visually impaired persons. Although the solutions currently available in the literature can lead ...
  • Jóhannesson, Ómar; Balan, Oana; Unnthorsson, Runar; Moldoveanu, Alin; Kristjánsson, Árni (MDPI AG, 2016-06-27)
    The Sound of Vision project involves developing a sensory substitution device that is aimed at creating and conveying a rich auditory representation of the surrounding environment to the visually impaired. However, the feasibility of such an approach ...
  • Pfeffer, Melissa; Bergsson, Baldur; Barsotti, Sara; Stefansdottir, Gerdur; Galle, Bo; Arellano, Santiago; Conde, Vladimir; Donovan, Amy; Ilyinskaya, Evgenia; Burton, Mike; Aiuppa, Alessandro; Whitty, Rachel; Simmons, Isla; Arason, Þórður; Jónasdóttir, Elín; Keller, Nicole; Yeo, Richard; Arngrímsson, Hermann; Jóhannsson, Þorsteinn; Butwin, Mary; Askew, Robert; DUMONT, Stéphanie; von Löwis, Sibylle; Ingvarsson, Þorgils; La Spina, Alessandro; Thomas, Helen; Prata, Fred; Grassa, Fausto; Giudice, Gaetano; Stefansson, Andri; Marzano, Frank; Montopoli, Mario; Mereu, Luigi (MDPI AG, 2018-01-18)
    he 2014–2015 Bárðarbunga fissure eruption at Holuhraun in central Iceland was distinguished by the high emission of gases, in total 9.6 Mt SO2, with almost no tephra. This work collates all ground-based measurements of this extraordinary eruption cloud ...
  • Hauri, Erik H.; Maclennan, J.; McKenzie, D.; Gronvold, K.; Óskarsson, N.; Shimizu, N. (Geological Society of America, 2017-11-16)
    Primitive basalt melt inclusions from Borgarhraun, northern Iceland, display large correlated variations in CO2 and nonvolatile incompatible trace elements (ITEs) such as Nb, Th, Rb, and Ba. The average CO2/ITE ratios of the Borgarhraun melt inclusion ...
  • Farioli, Andrea; Straif, Kurt; Brandi, Giovanni; Curti, Stefania; Kjaerheim, Kristina; Martinsen, Jan Ivar; Sparen, Pär; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Biasco, Guido; Violante, Francesco Saverio; Mattioli, Stefano; Pukkala, Eero (BMJ, 2017-11-13)
    Objectives To assess the association between occupational exposure to asbestos and the risk of cholangiocarcinoma (CC). Methods We conducted a case–control study nested in the Nordic Occupational Cancer (NOCCA) cohort. We studied 1458 intrahepatic ...
  • Robson, Joanna C.; Dawson, Jill; Cronholm, Peter F.; Ashdown, Susan; Easley, Ebony; Kellom, Katherine S.; Gebhart, Don; Lanier, Georgia; Milman, Nataliya; Peck, Jacqueline; Luqmani, Raashid A.; Shea, Judy A.; Tómasson, Gunnar; Merkel, Peter A. (Springer Nature, 2017-11-09)
    Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) are multisystem diseases of small blood vessels, collectively known as the anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated ...
  • Brynjarsdóttir, Eyja (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2018-04-20)
    This paper argues that philosophical practice in the Western world, in particular analytic philosophy, suffers from problems that contribute to its lack of diversity in two senses: the exclusion of women and minorities, and a narrow choice of subjects ...
  • Sitek, Anna; Urbaneja Torres, Miguel; Torfason, Kristinn; Gudmundsson, Vidar; Bertoni, Andrea; Manolescu, Andrei (American Chemical Society, 2018-04-21)
    The distinctive prismatic geometry of semiconductor core-shell nanowires leads to complex localization patterns of carriers. Here, we describe the formation of optically active in-gap excitonic states induced by the interplay between localization of ...
  • Sigurðsson, Emil Lárus (Informa UK Limited, 2018-01-02)
  • Méndez, Verónica; Gill, Jennifer A.; Alves, Jose; Burton, Niall H. K.; Davies, Richard G. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-09-20)
    Aim Population size changes can lead to changes in local abundance and/or site occupancy, depending on the processes influencing site use by individuals. Here, we quantify such changes for wintering waterbirds and assess their implications for widely ...
  • Tarsi, Matteo (Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum, 2018)
    This article deals with the history and word formation of the Icelandic word for ‘police’, i.e. lögregla. The word constitutes an interesting case of word formation in that said lexeme is a dvandva compound whose creation is related to the expression að ...
  • Brinckmann, Thejs; Zavala Franco, Jesus; Rapetti, David; Hansen, Steen H.; Vogelsberger, Mark (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2017-10-30)
    We perform dark-matter-only simulations of 28 relaxed massive cluster-sized haloes for cold dark matter (CDM) and self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) models, to study structural differences between the models at large radii, where the impact of baryonic ...
  • Wirbel, Anna; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Nicholson, Lindsey (Copernicus GmbH, 2018-01-19)
    Glaciers with extensive surface debris cover respond differently to climate forcing than those without supraglacial debris. In order to include debris-covered glaciers in projections of glaciogenic runoff and sea level rise and to understand the ...

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