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  • Liu, Jun; Luo, Bin; Douté, Sylvain; Chanussot, Jocelyn (MDPI AG, 2018-05-10)
    We propose to replace traditional spectral index methods by unsupervised spectral unmixing methods for the exploration of large datasets of planetary hyperspectral images. The main goal of this article is to test the ability of these analysis techniques ...
  • Connolly, John; Sebastià, Maria-Teresa; Kirwan, Laura; Finn, John Anthony; Llurba, Rosa; Suter, Matthias; Collins, Rosemary P.; Porqueddu, Claudio; Helgadóttir, Áslaug; Baadshaug, Ole H.; Bélanger, Gilles; Black, Alistair; Brophy, Caroline; Čop, Jure; Dalmannsdottir, Sigridur; Delgado, Ignacio; Elgersma, Anjo; Fothergill, Michael; Frankow-Lindberg, Bodil E.; Ghesquiere, An; Golinski, Piotr; Grieu, Philippe; Gustavsson, Anne-Maj; Höglind, Mats; Huguenin-Elie, Olivier; Jørgensen, Marit; Kadziuliene, Zydre; Lunnan, Tor; Nykanen-Kurki, Paivi; Ribas, Angela; Taube, Friedhelm; Thumm, Ulrich; De Vliegher, Alex; Lüscher, Andreas (Wiley, 2017-09-27)
    Grassland diversity can support sustainable intensification of grassland production through increased yields, reduced inputs and limited weed invasion. We report the effects of diversity on weed suppression from 3 years of a 31-site continental-scale ...
  • Guðmundsson, Bjarki; Þormar, Hans G; Sigurðsson, Albert; Dankers, Wendy; Steinarsdóttir, Margrét; Hermanowicz, Stefan; Sigurðsson, Stefán; Ólafsson, Davið; Halldorsdottir, Anna; Meyn, Stephen; Jonsson, Jon J. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-07-24)
    DNA damage assays have various limitations in types of lesions detected, sensitivity, specificity and samples that can be analyzed. The Northern Lights Assay (NLA) is based on 2D Strandness-Dependent Electrophoresis (2D-SDE), a technique that separates ...
  • Eiriksson, Haukur; Bessason, Bjarni; Unnthorsson, Runar (Wiley-Blackwell, 2018-05-30)
    Knowledge about the plastic behavior of reinforcement steel bars in reinforced concrete (RC) structures is important, especially for seismic design. This paper presents the results of experimental tests where the main aim was to map the plastic ...
  • Waldherr, Max; Lundt, Nils; Klaas, Martin; Betzold, Simon; Wurdack, Matthias; Baumann, Vasilij; Estrecho, Eliezer; Nalitov, Anton; Cherotchenko, Evgenia; Cai, Hui; Ostrovskaya, Elena A.; Kavokin, Alexey V.; Tongay, Sefaattin; Klembt, Sebastian; Höfling, Sven; Schneider, Christian (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-08-16)
    Bosonic condensation belongs to the most intriguing phenomena in physics, and was mostly reserved for experiments with ultra-cold quantum gases. More recently, it became accessible in exciton-based solid-state systems at elevated temperatures. Here, ...
  • Maslova, Ekaterina; Hansen, Susanne; Strøm, Marin; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Grunnet, Louise; Vaag, Allan; Olsen, Sjurdur (MDPI AG, 2018-10-17)
    Oily fish, an important source of marine n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), has shown to reduce cardiometabolic risk in adults. Whether maternal fish intake affects offspring metabolic health is less established, especially among ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Gudjonsson, Sigurjon A.; Sigurdsson, Asgeir; Center, Jacqueline R.; Lee, Seung Hun; Nguyen, Tuan V.; Kwok, Timothy C.Y.; Lee, Jenny S.W.; Ho, Suzanne C.; Woo, Jean; Leung, Ping-C.; Kim, Beom-Jun; Rafnar, Thorunn; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Ingvarsson, Thorvaldur; Koh, Jung-Min; Tang, Nelson L.S.; Eisman, John A.; Christiansen, Claus; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2016-01-06)
    Bone mineral density (BMD) is a measure of osteoporosis and is useful in evaluating the risk of fracture. In a genome-wide association study of BMD among 20,100 Icelanders, with follow-up in 10,091 subjects of European and East-Asian descent, we found ...
  • Gunnarsdóttir, Sigurlaug; Kristmundsson, Árni; Freeman, Mark A.; Björnsson, Ólafur Már; Zoëga, Gunnar Már (Laeknabladid/The Icelandic Medical Journal, 2016-05-04)
    Vanstarfsemi í fitukirtlum augnloka er algeng ástæða augnþurrks. Demodex-mítlar geta valdið slíkri vanstarfsemi og þar með hvarmabólgu með kláða, þurrki og almennri vanlíðan á augnsvæði. Það er mikilvægt að hafa Demodex-mítla í huga við greiningu ...
  • Thordardottir, Marianna; Lindqvist, Ebba K.; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Costello, Rene; Burton, Debra; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey; Korde, Neha; Mailankody, Sham; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara B.; Landgren, Ola; Torfadottir, Johanna; Kristinsson, Sigurður Yngvi (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-11-01)
    The etiology of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor state of multiple myeloma (MM), is mostly unknown and no studies have been conducted on the effect of diet on MGUS or progression from MGUS to MM. We aimed to ...
  • Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg; Ólafsson, Kjartan; Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Arnardóttir, Ragnheiður Harpa (Læknafélag Íslands, 2019-10-01)
    INNGANGUR Fjölmargir þættir hafa áhrif á þjónustuþörf og lifun íbúa hjúkrunarheimila, meðal annars inntökuskilyrði fyrir flutningi á hjúkrunarheimili. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að athuga hvort munur væri á heilsufari, lifun og forspárgildi mismunandi ...
  • Khanin, Vasilii M.; Vrubel, Ivan I.; Polozkov, Roman G.; Shelykh, Ivan; Venevtsev, Ivan D.; Meijerink, Andries; Wieczorek, Herfried; Boerekamp, Jack; Spoor, Sandra; Rodnyi, Piotr A.; Ronda, Cees (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2019-02-18)
    Afterglow is an important phenomenon in luminescent materials and can be desired (e.g., persistent phosphors) or undesired (e.g., scintillators). Understanding and predicting afterglow is often based on analysis of thermally stimulated luminescence ...
  • Freeman, Mark A.; Kristmundsson, Árni (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-10-22)
    Background: The myxosporean Myxidium giardi Cépède, 1906 was described infecting the kidney of the European eel, Anguilla anguilla (L.), having spindle-shaped myxospores and terminal sub-spherical polar capsules. Since then, numerous anguillid eels ...
  • Gowers, Glen-Oliver. F.; Vince, Oliver; Charles, John-Henry; Klarenberg, Ingeborg J.; Ellis, Tom; Edwards, Arwyn (MDPI AG, 2019-11-07)
    Microbial communities in remote locations remain under-studied. This is particularly true on glaciers and icecaps, which cover approximately 11% of the Earth’s surface. The principal reason for this is the inaccessibility of most of these areas due ...
  • Kristmundsson, Árni; Freeman, Mark Andrew (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-05-18)
    Apicomplexans comprise a group of unicellular, often highly pathogenic, obligate parasites exploiting either one or two hosts to complete a full reproductive cycle. For decades, various scallop populations have suffered cyclical mass mortality events, ...
  • Gunnarsdóttir, María J.; Gardarsson, Sigurdur; Figueras, Maria J.; Puigdomènech, Clàudia; Juárez, Rubén; Saucedo, Gemma; Arnedo, M. José; Santos, Ricardo; Monteiro, Silvia; Avery, Lisa; Pagaling, Eulyn; Allan, Richard; Abel, Claire; Eglitis, Janis; Hambsch, Beate; Hügler, Michael; Rajkovic, Andreja; Smigic, Nada; Udovicki, Bozidar; Albrechtsen, Hans-Jörgen; López-Avilés, Alma; Hunter, Paul (Elsevier BV, 2020-01)
    Drinking water quality has been regulated in most European countries for nearly two decades by the drinking water directive 98/83/EC. The directive is now under revision with the goal of meeting stricter demands for safe water for all citizens, as safe ...
  • Einarsdottir, Thorbjorg; Sigurðardóttir, Heiða; Björnsdóttir, Þórunn Sóley; Einarsdóttir, Elísabet (Wiley, 2018-08-21)
    Winter ulcer disease, caused by Moritella viscosa, is a significant problem in cold water salmonid farming, although the bacterium can infect and cause disease in a number of other fish species, such as lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus). Lumpfish are used ...
  • Boy, Michael; Thomson, Erik; Acosta Navarro, Juan C.; Arnalds, Olafur; Batchvarova, Ekaterina; Bäck, Jaana; Berninger, Frank; Bilde, Merete; Brasseur, Zoé; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla; Castarède, Dimitri; Dalirian, Maryam; de Leeuw, Gerrit; Dragosics, Monika; Duplissy, Ella-Maria; Duplissy, Jonathan; Ekman, Annica; Fang, Keyan; Gallet, Jean-Charles; Glasius, Marianne; Gryning, Sven-Erik; Grythe, Henrik; Hansson, Hans-Christen; Hansson, Margareta; Isaksson, Elisabeth; Iversen, Trond; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Kasurinen, Ville; Kirkevåg, Alf; Korhola, Atte A.; Krejci, Radovan; Kristjánsson, Jón Egill; Lappalainen, Hanna K.; Lauri, Anniina; Leppäranta, Matti; Lihavainen, Heikki; Makkonen, Risto; Massling, Andreas; Meinander, Outi; Nilsson, Douglas; Olafsson, Haraldur; Pettersson, Jan B.C.; Prisle, Nønne; Riipinen, Ilona; Roldin, Pontus; Ruppel, Meri; Salter, Matthew; Sand, Maria; Seland, Øyvind; Seppä, Heikki; Skov, Henrik; Soares, Joana; Stohl, Andreas; Ström, Johan; Svensson, Jonas; Swietlicki, Erik; Tabakova, Ksenia; Thorsteinsson, Throstur; Virkkula, Aki; Weyhenmeyer, Gesa; Wu, Yusheng; Zieger, Paul; Kulmala, Markku (Copernicus GmbH, 2019-02-14)
    The Nordic Centre of Excellence CRAICC (Cryosphere–Atmosphere Interactions in a Changing Arctic Climate), funded by NordForsk in the years 2011–2016, is the largest joint Nordic research and innovation initiative to date, aiming to strengthen research ...
  • Foxler, Daniel E.; Bridge, Katherine S.; James, Victoria; Webb, Thomas M.; Mee, Maureen; Wong, Sybil C. K.; Feng, Yunfeng; Constantin-Teodosiu, Dumitru; Petursdottir, Thorgunnur Eyfjord; Bjornsson, Johannes; Ingvarsson, Sigurður; Ratcliffe, Peter J.; Longmore, Gregory D.; Sharp, Tyson V. (Springer Nature, 2012-01-29)
    There are three prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1, 2 and 3) that regulate the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), the master transcriptional regulators that respond to changes in intracellular O(2) tension. In high O(2) tension (normoxia) the PHDs hydroxylate ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Petra Landmark; Andrésson, Ólafur (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2019)
    Fungal distribution in a liverwort-based biocrust was examined at different depths (0, 5 and 20 mm) by direct counting using both light and fluorescence microscopy. The DNA-based taxonomic composition of fungi was also determined and differences between ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Sigríður; Vendramin, Niccoló; Cuenca, Argelia; Sigurðardóttir, Heiða; Kristmundsson, Árni; Iburg, Tine Moesgaard; Olesen, Niels Jørgen (Wiley, 2018-11-05)
    A novel viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) of genotype IV was isolated from wild lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus), brought to a land-based farm in Iceland, to serve as broodfish. Two groups of lumpfish juveniles, kept in tanks in the same facility, ...

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