Opin vísindi

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Department "Miðstöð í lýðheilsuvísindum (HÍ)"

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Department "Miðstöð í lýðheilsuvísindum (HÍ)"

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  • Roper, Lucinda; Tran, Duong Thuy; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana; Preen, David B.; Havard, Alys (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-08-30)
    Background The linkage of routine data collections are valuable for population-based evaluation of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy in pregnancy where little is known about the utilisation or safety of these pharmacotherapies antenatally. The use of ...
  • Cesta, Carolyn E; Cohen, Jacqueline M; Pazzagli, Laura; Bateman, Brian T; Bröms, Gabriella; Einarsdottir, Kristjana; Furu, Kari; Havard, Alys; Heino, Anna; Hernandez-Diaz, Sonia; Huybrechts, Krista F; Karlstad, Øystein; Kieler, Helle; Li, Jiong; Leinonen, Maarit K; Gulseth, Hanne L; Tran, Duong; Yu, Yongfu; Zoega, Helga; Odsbu, Ingvild (BMJ, 2019-11-01)
    Objective Diabetes in pregnancy and consequently the need for treatment with antidiabetic medication (ADM) has become increasingly prevalent. The prevalence and patterns of use of ADM in pregnancy from 2006 onward in seven different countries was ...
  • Brett, Jonathan; Zoega, Helga; Buckley, Nicholas A.; Daniels, Benjamin J.; Elshaug, Adam G.; Pearson, Sallie-Anne (Springer Nature, 2018-12)
    Background The global Choosing Wisely campaign has identified the following psychotropic prescribing as low-value (harmful or wasteful): (1) benzodiazepine use in the elderly, (2) antipsychotic use in dementia and (3) prescribing two or more antipsychotics ...
  • Haraldsdottir, Alfheidur; Torfadottir, Johanna; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Adami, Hans-Olov; Aspelund, Thor; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Þórðardóttir, Maríanna; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Harris, Tamara B.; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-05-30)
    Recent studies indicate that lifestyle factors in early life affect breast cancer risk. We therefore explored the association of high consumption of meat, milk, and whole grain products in adolescence and midlife, on breast cancer risk. We used data ...
  • Thordardottir, Marianna; Lindqvist, Ebba K.; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Costello, Rene; Burton, Debra; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey; Korde, Neha; Mailankody, Sham; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara B.; Landgren, Ola; Torfadottir, Johanna; Kristinsson, Sigurður Yngvi (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-11-01)
    The etiology of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor state of multiple myeloma (MM), is mostly unknown and no studies have been conducted on the effect of diet on MGUS or progression from MGUS to MM. We aimed to ...
  • Virgolino, Ana; Heitor, Maria João; Carreiras, Joana; Lopes, Elisa; Øverland, Simon; Torp, Steffen; Guðmundsdóttir, Dóra; Miguel, José Pereira; Fátima Reis, M.; Santos, Osvaldo (Springer Nature, 2017-07-19)
    Background Economic crises and unemployment have profound impact on mental health and well-being. Main goal of the Healthy Employment (HE) project is to enhance intersectoral actions promoting mental health among unemployed, namely through the ...
  • Harðardóttir, Hrönn; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Tomas; Sigvaldason, Andrés; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Aspelund, Thor; Hansdottir, Sif; Jónsson, Steinn (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-04-06)
    Inngangur: Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að lýsa einkennum, sjúkdómsmynd, meðferð og afdrifum sjúklinga sem hafa farið í kerfisbundið greiningarferli á Landspítala vegna gruns um lungnakrabbamein. Efniviður og aðferðir: Rannsóknin tekur til 550 sjúklinga ...
  • Chen, Ruoqing; Fall, Katja; Czene, Kamila; Kennedy, Beatrice; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Fang, Fang (Dove Medical Press Ltd., 2018-05)
    Background: A parental cancer diagnosis is a stressful life event, potentially leading to increased risks of mental and physical problems among children. This study aimed to investigate the associations of parental cancer with IQ, stress resilience, ...
  • Hlodversdottir, Heidrun; Þorsteinsdóttir, Harpa; Þórðardóttir, Edda Björk; Njardvik, Urdur; Pétursdóttir, Guðrún; Hauksdóttir, Arna (Informa UK Limited, 2018-03-05)
    Background: More than 500 million people worldwide live within exposure range of an active volcano and children are a vulnerable subgroup of such exposed populations. However, studies on the effects of volcanic eruptions on children’s health beyond the ...
  • Zhu, Jianwei; Sjölander, Arvid; Fall, Katja; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Fang, Fang (Springer Nature, 2018-03-27)
    Background Whether the emotional distress around cancer diagnosis is associated with the long-term outcomes and care utilization is unknown. We aimed to examine the association of mental disorders around cancer diagnosis with the hospital admission ...
  • Sævarsson, Elvar Smári; Svansdottir, Erla; Sveinsson, Thorarinn; Asgeirsdottir, Tinna Laufey; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Johannsson, Erlingur (SAGE Publications, 2017-06-30)
    Aims: The aims of this study were to study the correlation between lifestyle-related factors, such as organized leisure-time sport participation (OLSP), cardiorespiratory fitness, and adiposity, and academic achievement among preadolescents. Methods: ...
  • Gunnell, Anthony S.; Joyce, Sarah; Tomlin, Stephania; Taaffe, Dennis R.; Cormie, Prue; Newton, Robert U.; Joseph, David; Spry, Nigel; Einarsdottir, Kristjana; Galvão, Daniel A. (Frontiers Media SA, 2017-02-14)
    Evidence suggests physical activity improves prognosis following cancer diagnosis; however, evidence regarding prognosis in long-term survivors of cancer is scarce. We assessed physical activity in 1,589 cancer survivors at an average 8.8 years following ...
  • Sverrisson, Friðgeir A.; Bateman, Brian T.; Aspelund, Thor; Skúlason, Sigurgrímur; Zoega, Helga (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-11-21)
    Background Hypertensive disorders complicate up to 10% of pregnancies. Evidence suggests a potential association between maternal hypertensive disorders during pregnancy, particularly preeclampsia, and adverse neurodevelopment in the offspring, but ...
  • Þórðardóttir, Edda Björk; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Hansdóttir, Ingunn; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Dyregrov, Atle; Shipherd, Jillian C.; Elklit, Ask; Resnick, Heidi; Guðmundsdóttir, Berglind (Informa UK Limited, 2016-08-16)
    Background Every year a substantial number of children are affected by natural disasters worldwide. However, data are scarce on long-term psychological impact of natural disasters on children's health. Identifying risk factors and outcomes associated ...
  • Ludvigsson, Jonas F.; Lu, Donghao; Hammarström, Lennart; Cnattingius, Sven; Fang, Fang (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-12-18)
    Background Small for gestational age (SGA) has been associated with increased risks of stillbirth and neonatal mortality, but data on long-term childhood mortality are scarce. Maternal antenatal care, including globally reducing the risk of SGA birth, ...
  • Havard, Alys; Tran, Duong T; Kemp-Casey, Anna; Einarsdottir, Kristjana; Preen, David B; Jorm, Louisa R (BMJ, 2017-08-04)
    Introduction This study examined the impact of antismoking activities targeting the general population and an advertising campaign targeting smoking during pregnancy on the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Methods ...
  • Song, Huan; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Lu, Donghao; Andersson, Therese M.-L.; Hultman, Christina; Ye, Weimin; Lundell, Lars; Johansson, Jan; Nilsson, Magnus; Lindblad, Mats (Springer Nature, 2017-01-03)
    Background Except for overall survival, whether or not waiting time for treatment could influences other domains of cancer patients’ overall well-being is to a large extent unknown. Therefore, we performed this study to determine the effect of waiting ...