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Waiting time for cancer treatment and mental health among patients with newly diagnosed esophageal or gastric cancer: a nationwide cohort study

Waiting time for cancer treatment and mental health among patients with newly diagnosed esophageal or gastric cancer: a nationwide cohort study


Titill: Waiting time for cancer treatment and mental health among patients with newly diagnosed esophageal or gastric cancer: a nationwide cohort study
Höfundur: Song, Huan
Fang, Fang
Valdimarsdottir, Unnur   orcid.org/0000-0001-5382-946X
Lu, Donghao
Andersson, Therese M.-L.
Hultman, Christina
Ye, Weimin
Lundell, Lars
Johansson, Jan
Nilsson, Magnus
... 1 fleiri höfundar Sýna alla höfunda
Útgáfa: 2017-01-03
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 2
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
Svið: Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Health Sciences (UI)
Deild: Miðstöð í lýðheilsuvísindum (HÍ)
The Centre of Public Health Sciences (UI)
Birtist í: BMC Cancer;17(1)
ISSN: 1471-2407
DOI: 10.1186/s12885-016-3013-7
Efnisorð: Mental disorder; Gastric cancer; Esophageal cancer; Cohort study; Cancer treatment; Waiting time; Geðraskanir; Magakrabbamein; Rannsóknir; Krabbameinslækningar; Krabbamein
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/305

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Tilvitnun:

Song, H., Fang, F., Valdimarsdóttir, U., Lu, D., Andersson, T. M.-L., Hultman, C., . . . Lindblad, M. (2017). Waiting time for cancer treatment and mental health among patients with newly diagnosed esophageal or gastric cancer: a nationwide cohort study. BMC Cancer, 17(1), 2. doi:10.1186/s12885-016-3013-7

Útdráttur:

Background Except for overall survival, whether or not waiting time for treatment could influences other domains of cancer patients’ overall well-being is to a large extent unknown. Therefore, we performed this study to determine the effect of waiting time for cancer treatment on the mental health of patients with esophageal or gastric cancer. Methods Based on the Swedish National Quality Register for Esophageal and Gastric Cancers (NREV), we followed 7,080 patients diagnosed 2006–2012 from the time of treatment decision. Waiting time for treatment was defined as the interval between diagnosis and treatment decision, and was classified into quartiles. Mental disorders were identified by either clinical diagnosis through hospital visit or prescription of psychiatric medications. For patients without any mental disorder before treatment, the association between waiting time and subsequent onset of mental disorders was assessed by hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence interval (CI), derived from multivariable-adjusted Cox model. For patients with a preexisting mental disorder, we compared the rate of psychiatric care by different waiting times, allowing for repeated events. Results Among 4,120 patients without any preexisting mental disorder, lower risk of new onset mental disorders was noted for patients with longer waiting times, i.e. 18–29 days (HR 0.86; 95% CI 0.74-1.00) and 30–60 days (HR 0.79; 95% CI 0.67-0.93) as compared with 9–17 days. Among 2,312 patients with preexisting mental disorders, longer waiting time was associated with more frequent psychiatric hospital care during the first year after treatment (37.5% higher rate per quartile increase in waiting time; p for trend = 0.0002). However, no such association was observed beyond one year nor for the prescription of psychiatric medications. Conclusions These data suggest that waiting time to treatment for esophageal or gastric cancer may have different mental health consequences for patients depending on their past psychiatric vulnerabilities. Our study sheds further light on the complexity of waiting time management, and calls for a comprehensive strategy that takes into account different domains of patient well-being in addition to the overall survival.

Leyfi:

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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