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Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Title

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Title

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  • Magnusson, Gylfi; Minelgaite, Inga; Kristjánsdóttir, Erla S.; Christiansen, Thora (Stofnun stjórnsýslufræða og stjórnmála við Háskóla Íslands, 2018-06-20)
    In recent years there has been a significant shortage of workers in Iceland. The traditional method of arranging temporary work, through direct contracts between employees and employers, has not sufficed. Moreover, there is a skills mismatch that ...
  • Aðalsteinsdóttir, Aðalbjörg Eva; Kjaran, Jón (The Educational Research Institute, 2019-09-12)
    Rannsóknin fjallar um heterósexíska orðanotkun íslenskra framhaldsskólanemenda sem hefur ýmsar birtingarmyndir. Erlendar rannsóknir benda til að orðanotkunin valdi nemendum óþægindum en fáar íslenskar rannsóknir fjalla um efnið. Markmiðið var að skoða ...
  • Gopalan, Giri; Hrafnkelsson, Birgir; Wikle, Christopher K.; Rue, Håvard; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Pálsson, Finnur (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-06-12)
    In this paper, we extend and analyze a Bayesian hierarchical spatiotemporal model for physical systems. A novelty is to model the discrepancy between the output of a computer simulator for a physical process and the actual process values with a ...
  • Ravolainen, Virve; Soininen, Eeva M.; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg Svala; Eischeid, Isabell; Forchhammer, Mads; van der Wal, René; Pedersen, Åshild Ø. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-01-18)
    Vegetation change has consequences for terrestrial ecosystem structure and functioning and may involve climate feedbacks. Hence, when monitoring ecosystem states and changes thereof, the vegetation is often a primary monitoring target. Here, we summarize ...
  • Amirfallah, Arsalan; Arason, Adalgeir; Einarsson, Hjörleifur; Guðmundsdóttir, Eydís Þórunn; Freysteinsdóttir, Edda Sigríður; Ólafsdóttir, Kristrún Auður; Jóhannsson, Óskar Þór; Agnarsson, Bjarni A.; Barkardottir, Rosa Bjork; Reynisdottir, Inga (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2019-08-23)
    Background: Fusion genes result from genomic structural changes, which can lead to alterations in gene expression that supports tumor development. The aim of the study was to use fusion genes as a tool to identify new breast cancer (BC) genes with a ...
  • Pretzer, Carina; Druzhinina, Irina S.; Amaro, Carmen; Benediktsdóttir, Eva; Hedenström, Ingela; Hervio-Heath, Dominique; Huhulescu, Steliana; Schets, Franciska M.; Farnleitner, Andreas H.; Kirschner, Alexander K. T. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-01)
    Coastal marine Vibrio cholerae populations usually exhibit high genetic diversity. To assess the genetic diversity of abundant V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 populations in the Central European lake Neusiedler See, we performed a phylogenetic analysis ...
  • Senner, Nathan R.; Verhoeven, Mo A.; Abad-Gómez, José M.; Alves, Jose; Hooijmeijer, Jos Corstiaan Elbert Wouter; Howison, Ruth A.; Kentie, Rosemarie; Loonstra, A. H.Jelle; Masero, Jose A.; Rocha, Afonso D.; Stager, Maria; Piersma, Theunis (Frontiers Media SA, 2019-04-09)
    Few studies have been able to directly measure the seasonal survival rates of migratory species or determine how variable the timing of migration is within individuals and across populations over multiple years. As such, it remains unclear how likely ...
  • Trias, Rosalia; Ménez, Bénédicte; le Campion, Paul; Zivanovic, Yvan; Lecourt, Léna; Lecoeuvre, Aurélien; Schmitt-Kopplin, Philippe; Uhl, Jenny; Gíslason, Sigurður Reynir; Alfreðsson, Helgi A.; Mesfin, Kiflom G.; Snæbjörnsdóttir, Sandra Ósk; Aradóttir, Edda S.; Gunnarsson, Ingvi; Matter, Juerg M.; Stute, Martin; Oelkers, Eric H.; Gérard, Emmanuelle (Springer Nature, 2017-10-20)
    Basalts are recognized as one of the major habitats on Earth, harboring diverse and active microbial populations. Inconsistently, this living component is rarely considered in engineering operations carried out in these environments. This includes ...
  • Elm Heintz, Kasper; Watson, D; Jakobsson, Pall; Fynbo, J P U; Bolmer, J; Arabsalmani, M; Cano, Zach; Covino, S; D’Elia, V; Gomboc, A; Japelj, J; Kaper, L; Krogager, J-K; Pugliese, G; Sánchez-Ramírez, R; Selsing, J; Sparre, M; Tanvir, N R; Thöne, C C; de Ugarte Postigo, A; Vergani, S D (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-06-04)
    We present here a survey of high-ionization absorption lines in the afterglow spectra of long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) obtained with the VLT/X-shooter spectrograph. Our main goal is to investigate the circumburst medium in the natal regions of ...
  • Emmanuele, R. P. A.; Sich, M.; Kyriienko, O.; Shahnazaryan, V.; Withers, F.; Catanzaro, A.; Walker, P. M.; Benimetskiy, F. A.; Skolnick, M. S.; Tartakovskii, A. I.; Shelykh, Ivan; Krizhanovskiǐ, Dmitry N. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-07-17)
    Highly nonlinear optical materials with strong effective photon-photon interactions are required for ultrafast and quantum optical signal processing circuitry. Here we report strong Kerr-like nonlinearities by employing efficient optical transitions ...
  • Heinz, Marcel; Erlenbach, Nicole; Stelzl, Lukas S; Thierolf, Grace; Kamble, Nilesh Ramesh; Sigurdsson, Snorri; Prisner, Thomas F.; Hummer, Gerhard (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019-11-28)
    Pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments, among them most prominently pulsed electron-electron double resonance experiments (PELDOR/DEER), resolve the conformational dynamics of nucleic acids with high resolution. The wide application ...
  • Karlsdóttir, Marta Rós; Heinonen, Jukka; Pálsson, Halldór; Pálsson, Ólafur Pétur (MDPI AG, 2020-06-19)
    The European Union (EU) has made climate change mitigation a high priority though a policy framework called "Clean Energy for all Europeans ". The concept of primary energy for energy resources plays a critical role in how different energy technologies ...
  • Till, Jessica L; Rybacki, E.; Morales, L.F.G.; Naumann, M. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2019-03)
    We performed a series of deformation experiments on synthetic magnetite aggregates to characterize the high‐temperature rheological behavior of this mineral under nominally dry and hydrous conditions. Grain growth laws for magnetite were additionally ...
  • Alam, M. M. Mahbub; Westfall, Kristen M.; Pálsson, Snæbjörn (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-05-09)
    Macrobrachium rosenbergii, the giant freshwater prawn, is an important source of high quality protein and occurs naturally in rivers as well as commercial farms in South and South-East Asia, including Bangladesh. This study investigated the genetic ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Montalvo, Jorge; Einarsson, Páll; Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Sigurmundsson, Friðþór Sófus; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Hjartardottir, Asta Rut; Kizel, Fadi; Rustowicz, Rose; Falco, Nicola; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Benediktsson, Jon Atli (Iceland Glaciological Society and Geoscience Society of IcelandJöklarannsóknafélags Íslands og Jarðfræðafélags Íslands, 2018)
    Hekla volcano is known to have erupted at least 23 times in historical time (last 1100 years); often producing mixed eruptions of tephra and lava. The lava flow volumes from the 20th century have amounted 80% to almost 100% of the entire erupted ...
  • Tomasdottir, Margret O.; Bjornsdottir, Amalia; Getz, Linn; Steingrimsdottir, Thora; Ólafsdóttir, Ólöf A.; Kristjánsdóttir, Hildur; Sigurðsson, Jóhann A. (Informa UK Limited, 2016-10-08)
    Objective: To study the self-reported prevalence of experienced violence among a cohort of women about two years after giving birth, their health during pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes and their experience of their child ’ s health. Setting and ...
  • Kalmansson, Jón Ásgeir (Menntavísindasvið, Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018-12-31)
    Í greininni er sjónum beint að heimspekilegri orðræðu um hjartað og grafist fyrir um merkingu og mikilvægi þessa hugtaks í siðfræðilegu samhengi. Fyrst er rætt um hjartað í ljósi hefðarinnar og upprunalegs skilnings á heimspeki sem viskuást. Þá ...
  • Eysteinsson, Ástráður (Hugvísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018)
    Grein þessi fjallar um skynjun borgarheimsins, birtingarmyndir hans í bókmenntum og æviskrifum, og um borgina sem stað framandleika og ferðalaga í ýmsum skilningi, m.a. í heimsmynd hvers og eins. Borgir einkennast af þéttleika og innri tengslum en ...
  • Kristinsdóttir, Guðrún; Árnadóttir, Hervör Alma (Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands, 2015-11-21)
    Markmiðið með greininni er að varpa ljósi á reynslu rannsakenda af því að fá formleg leyfi og aðgengi að börnum til að rannsaka hagi þeirra og ræða við þau um málefni sem þau varða. Tilgangurinn er að efla umræðu um málið og vekja athygli á því hver ...
  • Bóasdóttir, Sólveig Anna (Guðfræðistofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2017)
    „Loftslagsbreytingar er vandamál sem ekki er hægt að leysa!“ Það eru orð guðfræðingsins og siðfræðingsins Willis Jenkins sem þessi grein beinir sjónum að. Hvað sem þessum orðum líður heldur Jenkins því fram að kristin siðfræði á tímum loftslagsbreytinga ...