Opin vísindi

Social trauma and its association with posttraumatic stress disorder and social anxiety disorder

Show simple item record

dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Bjornsson, Andri
dc.contributor.author Harðarson, Jóhann P.
dc.contributor.author Valdimarsdóttir, Auður G.
dc.contributor.author Guðmundsdóttir, Karen
dc.contributor.author Tryggvadóttir, Arnrún
dc.contributor.author Þórarinsdóttir, Kristjana A.
dc.contributor.author Wessman, Inga
dc.contributor.author Sigurjónsdóttir, Ólafía
dc.contributor.author Davíðsdóttir, Sóley
dc.contributor.author Þórisdóttir, Auður Sjöfn
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-14T12:59:59Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-14T12:59:59Z
dc.date.issued 2020-05
dc.identifier.citation Bjornsson, A. S., et al. (2020). "Social trauma and its association with posttraumatic stress disorder and social anxiety disorder." Journal of Anxiety Disorders 72: 102228.
dc.identifier.issn 0887-6185
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2367
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract The key characteristic of a traumatic event as defined by the Diagnostic and Mental Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) seems to be a threat to life. However, evidence suggests that other types of threats may play a role in the development of PTSD and other disorders such as social anxiety disorder (SAD). One such threat is social trauma, which involves humiliation and rejection in social situations. In this study, we explored whether there were differences in the frequency, type and severity of social trauma endured by individuals with a primary diagnosis of SAD (n = 60) compared to a clinical control group of individuals with a primary diagnosis of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD, n = 19) and a control group of individuals with no psychiatric disorders (n = 60). The results showed that most participants in this study had experienced social trauma. There were no clear differences in the types of experiences between the groups. However, one third of participants in the SAD group (but none in the other groups) met criteria for PTSD or suffered from clinically significant PTSD symptoms in response to their most significant social trauma. This group of SAD patients described more severe social trauma than other participants. This line of research could have implications for theoretical models of both PTSD and SAD, and for the treatment of individuals with SAD suffering from PTSD after social trauma.
dc.description.sponsorship The authors would like to thank Anna Kristin Cartesegna and TomasPall Thorvaldsson for their assistance in collecting data for this study
dc.format.extent 102228
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Anxiety Disorders;72
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Obsessive-compulsive disorder
dc.subject Posttraumatic stress disorder
dc.subject Social anxiety disorder
dc.subject Social threat
dc.subject Social trauma
dc.subject Áráttu- og þráhyggjuröskun
dc.subject Félagsfælni
dc.subject Áfallastreita
dc.title Social trauma and its association with posttraumatic stress disorder and social anxiety disorder
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Journal of Anxiety Disorders
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102228
dc.relation.url https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0887618520300426?via%3Dihub
dc.contributor.department Sálfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Psychology (UI)
dc.contributor.school Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Health Sciences (UI)

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record