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  • Fiebig, J.; Stefansson, Andri; Ricci, A.; Tassi, F.; Viveiros, F.; Silva, S.; Lopez, T.M.; Schreiber, C.; Hofmann, S.; Mountain, B.W. (European Association of Geochemistry, 2019-07-29)
    Abiotic formation of n-alkane hydrocarbons has been postulated to occur within Earth's crust. Apparent evidence was primarily based on uncommon carbon and hydrogen isotope distribution patterns that set methane and its higher chain homologues apart ...
  • Nozohoor, Shahab; Ahmad, Khalil; Bjurbom, Markus; Hansson, Emma C.; Heimisdottir, Alexandra; Jeppsson, Anders; Mennander, Ari; Olsson, Christian; Pan, Emily; Ragnarsson, Sigurður; Sjögren, Johan; Tellides, George; Wickbom, Anders; Geirsson, Arnar; Gudbjartsson, Tomas; Zindovic, Igor (Informa UK Limited, 2019-10-23)
    Objectives. To evaluate the distribution and impact of ABO blood groups on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). Design. A total of 1144 surgical ATAAD patients from eight Nordic centres ...
  • Snorrason, Arnór; Jónsson, Þorbergur Hjalti; Eggertsson, Ólafur (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2019)
    The only native tree species in Iceland forming woodland is the mountain birch. Since human settlement in the 9th century AD, natural birch woodlands have decreased from around 28% to 1.5% of the terrestrial area. In this paper we estimated and compared ...
  • Eyþórsson, Grétar Þór; Önnudóttir, Eva (Félagsfræðingafélags Íslands, 2017)
    In the Icelandic local government election in 2014 turnout was lower than ever before, and four years earlier it had already decreased considerably. In this article, the authors examine abstainers’ personal reasoning for not casting a vote. Using survey ...
  • Nylund, Mattias; Rosvall, Per-Åke; Eiriksdottir, Elsa; Holm, Ann-Sofie; Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka; Niemi, Anna-Maija; Ragnarsdóttir, Guðrún (Informa UK Limited, 2018-01-02)
    In this study we examine how the academic–vocational divide is manifested today in Finland, Iceland and Sweden in the division between vocationally (VET) and academicallyoriented programmes at the upper-secondary school level. The paper is based on a ...
  • Sverrisdóttir, Ingibjörg Steinunn; Sigurðsson, Kristinn; Hrafnkelsson, Örn (De Gruyter, 2012-12)
    The National Library of Iceland (established 1818) and the Library of the University of Iceland (established 1940) were amalgamated in 1994 as the National and University Library of Iceland (NULI). When the changes occurred, an opportunity to transform ...
  • Kröyer, Höskuldur R.G. (Faculty of Engineering, Lund University, 2015)
    The aims of this work are to better understand (1) the relation between exposure and the risk of an accident between pedestrians and between motorized vehicles and between bicyclists and motorized vehicles occurring at urban intersections and (2) how ...
  • Parts, Kaarin; Tedersoo, Leho; Schindlbacher, Andreas; Sigurdsson, Bjarni D.; Leblans, Niki; Oddsdóttir, Edda Sigurdís; Borken, Werner; Ostonen, Ivika (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-07-09)
    Global warming is predicted to impact high-latitude and high-altitude forests severely, jeopardizing their overall functioning and carbon storage, both of which depend on the warming response of tree fine root systems. This paper investigates the effect ...
  • Löve, Laufey; Traustadottir, Rannveig; Rice, James (Cogitatio, 2018-03-26)
    Achieving disability equality calls for transformative changes to society’s structures and norms. Recognizing the central role of disabled people and their organizations in this restructuring, and the call of the Convention on the Rights of Persons ...
  • Rich, Anna; Baldwin, David; Alfageme, Inmaculada; Beckett, Paul; Berghmans, Thierry; Brincat, Stephen; Burghuber, Otto; Corlateanu, Alexandru; Cufer, Tanja; Damhuis, Ronald; Danila, Edvardas; Domagala-Kulawik, Joanna; Elia, Stefano; Gaga, Mina; Goksel, Tuncay; Grigoriu, Bogdan; Hillerdal, Gunnar; Huber, Rudolf Maria; Jakobsen, Erik; Jónsson, Steinn; Jovanovic, Dragana; Kavcova, Elena; Konsoulova, Assia; Laisaar, Tanel; Makitaro, Riitta; Mehic, Bakir; Milroy, Robert; Moldvay, Judit; Morgan, Ross; Nanushi, Milda; Paesmans, Marianne; Putora, Paul Martin; Samarzija, Miroslav; Scherpereel, Arnaud; Schlesser, Marc; Sculier, Jean-Paul; Skrickova, Jana; Sotto-Mayor, Renato; Strand, Trond-Eirik; Van Schil, Paul; Blum, Torsten-Gerriet (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-11-20)
    Background: A minority of European countries have participated in international comparisons with high level data on lung cancer. However, the nature and extent of data collection across the continent is simply unknown, and without accurate data ...
  • Delgado, Alex J; Olafsson, Vilhelm (Dove Medical Press Ltd., 2017-08)
    Xerostomia affects 30% of the population and manifests as a side effect of medications, systemic diseases, or cancer therapy. Oral moisturizers are prescribed to overcome the ailments of dry mouth and its symptoms. It is imperative that these products ...
  • Lattari, Eduardo; Oliveira, Bruno R. R.; Monteiro Júnior, Renato Sobral; Marques Neto, Silvio Rodrigues; Oliveira, Aldair J.; Maranhão Neto, Geraldo A.; Machado, Sergio; Budde, Henning (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-12-26)
    Previous studies investigating the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on muscle strength showed no consensus. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to systematically review the literature on the effects of single dose tDCS ...
  • Helgason, Dadi (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06)
    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a growing problem worldwide and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. AKI is a known complication following cardiac operations and coronary angiography (CA). Following CA, AKI has been associated with contrast ...
  • Helgadottir, Solveig (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-01-06)
    In line with advances in surgery, perioperative care, and intensive care, the outcome in patients treated for cardiovascular disease has improved. Open-heart surgery is common in most western countries and, in line with the general ageing of populations, ...
  • Long, Thorir E (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-12)
    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical problem both in the hospital and outpatient setting and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for developing AKI and AKI is a risk factor for ...
  • Matthiasson, Thorolfur (Viðskiptafræðideild og hagfræðideild Háskóla Íslands, viðskiptafræðideild Háskólans í Reykjavík og Seðlabanki Íslands., 2008)
    Inflation was a growing problem during the 1960’s and the 1970’s in Iceland. Inflation represents a problem for any entity that tries to write up a budget, whether an individual, a company or a governmental entity. Many governmental entities do not ...
  • Rafnsdóttir, Gudbjörg Linda; Weigt, Jill (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-03-29)
    In the present article, we analyze a project in a heavy industry plant in Iceland in which the management aims to hire an equal number of women and men and, thereby, to work against the gender segregation of work. For their efforts, called the 50/50 ...
  • Runólfsdóttir, Hrafnhildur Linnet (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2020-08-21)
    Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of adenine metabolism that results in the generation and renal excretion of large amounts of the poorly soluble 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (DHA), causing kidney ...
  • Aradóttir Pind, Auður Anna; Dubik, Magdalena; Þórsdóttir, Sigrún; Meinke, Andreas; Harandi, Ali M.; Holmgren, Jan; Del Giudice, Giuseppe; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Bjarnarson, Stefanía P (Frontiers Media SA, 2019-09-26)
    Immaturity of the immune system contributes to poor vaccine responses in early life. Germinal center (GC) activation is limited due to poorly developed follicular dendritic cells (FDC), causing generation of few antibody-secreting cells (ASCs) with ...
  • Hlynsdóttir, Eva Marín (Stofnun stjórnsýslufræða og stjórnmála við Háskóla Íslands, 2016)
    Leach and Wilson (2002) identified four key tasks of local government leaders. Building on their initiative, this paper examines the task of developing strategic and policy direction at the Icelandic local level from the viewpoint of the Icelandic ...