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Active and Passive Social Media Use and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depressed Mood Among Icelandic Adolescents

Active and Passive Social Media Use and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depressed Mood Among Icelandic Adolescents


Title: Active and Passive Social Media Use and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depressed Mood Among Icelandic Adolescents
Author: Thorisdottir, Ingibjorg   orcid.org/0000-0003-2249-0410
Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig   orcid.org/0000-0001-5953-0696
Asgeirsdottir, Bryndis Bjork   orcid.org/0000-0003-3862-716X
Allegrante, John P.
Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra
Date: 2019-08
Language: English
Scope: 535-542
University/Institute: Háskólinn í Reykjavík
Reykjavik University
School: Samfélagssvið (HR)
School of Social Sciences (RU)
Department: Sálfræðideild (HR)
Department of Psychology (RU)
Series: Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking;22(8)
ISSN: 2152-2715
2152-2723 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2019.0079
Subject: Applied Psychology; Human-Computer Interaction; Communication; Social Psychology; General Medicine; Computer Science Applications; Social media; Adolescence; Anxiety; Depression; Emotional distress; Sálfræði; Félagssálfræði; Gagnvirkni (tölvur); Forrit; Samfélagsmiðlar; Unglingar; Kvíði; Þunglyndi; Vanlíðan
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2080

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Citation:

Thorisdottir, I. E., Sigurvinsdottir, R., Asgeirsdottir, B. B., Allegrante, J. P., & Sigfusdottir, I. D. (2019). Active and Passive Social Media Use and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depressed Mood Among Icelandic Adolescents. Cyberpsychology Behavior and Social Networking, 22(8), 535–542. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2019.0079

Abstract:

Adolescent use of social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat has increased dramatically over the last decade and now pervades their everyday social lives. Active and passive social media use may impact emotional health differently, but little is known about whether and to what extent either type of social media use influences emotional distress among young people. We analyzed population survey data collected from Icelandic adolescents (N = 10,563) to document the prevalence of social media use and investigate the relationship of both active and passive social media use with self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood. A hierarchical linear regression model revealed that passive social media use was related to greater symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood among adolescents and active social media use was related to decreased symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood, even after controlling for time spent on social media. When adding known risk and protective factors, self-esteem, offline peer support, poor body image, and social comparison to the model, active use was not related to emotional distress; however, passive use was still related to adolescent symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood. The effect of social media on emotional distress differed by gender as time spent on social media had a stronger relationship with emotional distress among girls. In addition, passive use was more strongly related to symptoms of depressed mood among girls. Future research should include risk and protective factors as mediators of different types of social media use and adolescent emotional distress.

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