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Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Department "Faculty of Earth Sciences (UI)"

Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by Department "Faculty of Earth Sciences (UI)"

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  • Aufaristama, Muhammad (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2020-04-29)
    The purpose of this thesis is to employ remote sensing to study lava flow products during the 2014-2015 eruption at Holuhraun, Iceland. Multimodal remote sensing techniques and datasets were applied and developed for three study themes (1) deriving ...
  • Askew, Robert Alexander (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2020-01)
    The Breiðdalur volcanic system, eastern Iceland, comprises of a ~600 km3 central volcano, a 30 - 40 km long dyke swarm and plateau basalts erupted from this dyke swarm. The entire volcanic system was active from 10.1 to 7.8 Ma, the central volcano was ...
  • Egilsdottir, Hronn (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-02-08)
    Anthropogenic CO2 emissions, which are resulting in ocean acidification and a decrease in the saturation state for calcium carbonate (Ω), are a particular threat to calcifying marine biota. The aim of this thesis is to fill important knowledge gaps ...
  • Juncu, Daniel (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2018-01)
    Deformation of geothermal reservoirs is a growing topic in the field of crustal deformation research. The deformation behavior of a geothermal resource can give us insight about its sustainability and can help to increase our understanding of reservoir ...
  • Brynjólfsson, Skafti (Norwegian University of Science and Technology; University of Iceland, 2015-09)
    This thesis describes the glacial history, glacier dynamics, sediments and landforms of the Drangajökull ice cap as well as the glacial history and dynamics of the eastern Vestfirðir peninsula in northwest Iceland from the Late Weichselian until present. ...
  • Lévy, Léa (Paris Sciences et Lettres, Laboratoire de Géologie de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure and University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-04)
    The electrical signature of volcanoes is affected by several characteristics of rocks: volume and salinity of pore fluid, abundance of conductive minerals, rock temperature and presence of molten crust (magma). Electromagnetic soundings are widely used ...
  • Moreland, William (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-07-14)
    The 10th century Eldgjá flood lava eruption, southern Iceland, was the most voluminous eruption on Earth in the last 1100 years, erupting up to 21.0 km3 of transitional alkali basaltic magma of rather uniform composition. While 19.7 km3 was erupted as ...
  • Přikryl, Jan (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2018-05)
    Fluid-rock interaction is an important process in nature, and in many industrial fields. Fluid-rock interaction can be utilized to sequester industrial gases like CO2 and H2S in porous rocks of geothermal systems. The gases are re-injected, together ...
  • Nikkola, Paavo (Faculty of Science, University of Helsinki; Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, 2020-03-20)
    This thesis provides insights into the petrogenesis of Iceland basalts via three subprojects. The first uses olivine macrocrysts as a proxy for mantle melting conditions below Iceland, the second utilizes petrological thermobarometry to resolve the ...
  • Heřmanská, Matylda (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2020-03)
    Supercritical fluids have been reported from both rift and subduction-related geothermal systems. They typically form in the vicinity of magmatic intrusions at the roots of geothermal systems upon conductive heating and boiling of the subcritical ...
  • Benediktsdóttir, Ásdís (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-06-28)
    Iceland is located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and is the surface exposure of the ridge system on land. The influence of the plume has been shown to reach towards the south at least as far as the Bight Transform Fault. The ridge system in Iceland has ...
  • Wittmann, Monika (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-01)
    Located on the mid-Atlantic ridge, Iceland has the largest volcaniclastic desert on Earth, created by glacio-fluvial processes and frequent volcanic eruptions. Due to its location along the North Atlantic Storm track, Iceland frequently experiences ...
  • Blischke, Anett (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2020-05-15)
    This study focused on the tectono-magmatic reconstruction of the Jan Mayen microcontinent (JMMC) and Iceland Plateau Rift (IPR) in context to the breakup and opening processes of the Northeast Atlantic region. Joint interpretation of densely spaced ...
  • Guðnason, Jónas (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-07-12)
    Iceland is one of the most volcanically active terrestrial regions on Earth. Hazards posed from volcanic eruptions to local population and life stock is well known in Iceland and the wider effects from volcanic activity have been elevated in recent ...
  • Belart, Joaquín M. C. (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2018-11-29)
    The mass balance of a glacier is strongly connected to climate. At high latitudes, mass balance is typically controlled by snow accumulation during the winter and the glacier ablation during the summer. In Iceland, direct mass balance observations ...
  • Snæbjörnsdóttir, Sandra Ósk (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-04-19)
    In-situ carbonation of basaltic rocks could provide a carbon storage solution for the long term. Permanence is essential for the success and public acceptance of carbon storage. The aim of this study was twofold, to evaluate and make a first estimate ...
  • Clark, Deirdre (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-10-23)
    The reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the atmosphere is currently one of the main challenges facing humanity. One solution is carbon capture from concentrated sources and directly from the atmosphere, and long term storage in rocks. Basaltic ...
  • Neely, Rebecca Anna (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017)
    Molybdenum isotopes are used to quantify changes in Earth’s paleoredox conditions but their application relies upon a simplified model in which rivers dominate the ocean input with minor contributions from hydrothermal fluids. The effect of groundwater ...
  • Sigfúsdóttir, Thorbjörg (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-11)
    Large and complete sections through glacial landforms formed in subaqueous environments are rare, impeding our knowledge of their internal composition and the processes responsible for their formation. Following the last deglaciation of the Icelandic ...
  • Harning, David (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-04)
    Iceland’s position at the confluence of major oceanic and atmospheric fronts results in a highly sensitive climate evident in both instrumental and paleo records. However, open questions still remain regarding the pre-instrumental evolution of climate, ...