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Iceland’s external affairs from the Napoleonic era to the occupation of Denmark: Danish and British shelter

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Thorhallsson, Baldur
dc.contributor.author Joensen, Tómas
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-02T15:05:19Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-02T15:05:19Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Baldur Þórhallsson og Tómas Joensen. 2015. Iceland’s external affairs from the Napoleonic era to the occupation of Denmark: Danish and British shelter. Stjórnmál og Stjórnsýsla. 11:2, 187-206
dc.identifier.issn 1670-6803
dc.identifier.issn 1670-679X (e-ISSN)
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/78
dc.description.abstract This paper argues that Iceland enjoyed essential shelter, for its development and prosperity, provided by Denmark and Britain. Societal relations with Copenhagen were of fundamental importance in the preservation and evolution of Icelandic identity and culture, providing the foundation of the modern society and leading to the establishment of the Icelandic state. Danish financial backups created the basis for the island’s economic prosperity in the 20th century. Moreover, Denmark provided partial political shelter in terms of significant diplomatic support in guaranteeing trade agreements with other states. Also, Denmark led by example and Iceland followed its foreign policy. On the other hand, Denmark failed to provide Iceland with protection of its land and waters and economic cover when it was in most need. Moreover, the economic cover it did provide was, at times, highly costly. Denmark had been downgraded to a small European power in the post-Napoleonic period. In practice, Britain was in control over the North Atlantic. It guaranteed Iceland’s neutrality and connection to the outside world and markets when the Danish authorities failed in these areas, as long as British interests were also served. Nor did British protection come without cost. Accordingly, this paper confirms the common claim of small-state studies that small states are at the mercy of their larger neighbours. Moreover, our findings indicate that Iceland’s growing autonomy did not affect its need for political, economic and societal cover.
dc.format.extent 187-206
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Stofnun stjórnsýslufræða og stjórnmála við Háskóla Íslands
dc.relation.ispartofseries Stjórnmál og Stjórnsýsla;11:2
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Smáríki
dc.subject Þjóðaröryggi
dc.subject Utanríkismál
dc.subject Ísland
dc.subject Danmörk
dc.subject Bretland
dc.title Iceland’s external affairs from the Napoleonic era to the occupation of Denmark: Danish and British shelter
dcterms.license Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
dc.description.version Ritrýnt tímarit
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Stjórnmál og stjórnsýsla
dc.identifier.journal Icelandic Review of Politics & Administration
dc.identifier.doi 10.13177/irpa.a.2015.11.2.4
dc.relation.url http://www.irpa.is
dc.contributor.department Stjórnmálafræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Political Science (UI)
dc.contributor.department Alþjóðamálastofnun (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Institute of International Affairs and Centre for Small State Studies (UI)
dc.contributor.school Félagsvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Social Sciences (UI)

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