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Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Subject "Umhverfisáhrif"

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Subject "Umhverfisáhrif"

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  • Oudin, Anna; Åström, Daniel Oudin; Asplund, Peter; Steingrimsson, Steinn; Szabo, Zoltan; Carlsen, Hanne Krage (Springer Nature, 2018-01-10)
    Background: Air pollution is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Experimental studies, and a few epidemiological studies, suggest that air pollution may cause acute exacerbation of psychiatric disorders, and even increase ...
  • Säynäjoki, Antti; Heinonen, Jukka; Junnila, Seppo; Horvath, Arpad (IOP Publishing, 2017-01-05)
    Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is an established methodology that can provide decision-makers with comprehensive data on the environmental impacts of products and processes during the entire life cycle. However, the literature on building LCAs consists ...
  • Katrínardóttir, Borgný; Alves, Jose; Sigurjónsdóttir, Hrefna; Hersteinsson, Páll; Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2015-07-10)
    Distinct preference of species for habitats is most often driven by long term differences in demographic rates between habitats. Estimating variation in those rates is key for developing successful conservation strategies. Stochastic events can interact ...
  • Emami, Nargessadat; Marteinsson, Björn; Heinonen, Jukka (MDPI AG, 2016-11-01)
    Buildings are the key components of urban areas and society as a complex system. A life cycle assessment was applied to estimate the environmental impacts of the resources applied in the building envelope, floor slabs, and interior walls of the ...
  • Gíslason, Sigurður Reynir; Stefansdottir, Gerdur; Pfeffer, Melissa; barsotti, sara; Jóhannsson, Th.; Galeczka, Iwona Monika; Bali, Eniko; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Stefansson, Andri; Keller, Nicole Simone; Sigurðsson, Á.; Bergsson, Bergur H.; Galle, B.; Jacobo, V.C; Arellano, S.; Aiuppa, A.; Jónasdóttir, Elín Björk; Eiríksdóttir, E.S.; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur Heiðar; Halldórsson, Sæmundur Ari; Gunnarsson, H.; Haddadi, B.; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Riishuus, Morten; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Dürig, Tobias; Pedersen, Gro; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi (European Association of Geochemistry, 2015)
    The effusive six months long 2014-2015 Bárðarbunga eruption (31 August-27 February) was the largest in Iceland for more than 200 years, producing 1.6 ± 0.3 km3 of lava. The total SO2 emission was 11 ± 5 Mt, more than the amount emitted from Europe ...
  • Webert, Kyle C.; Herren, Cristina M.; Einarsson, Árni; Bartrons, Mireia; Hauptfleisch, Ulf; Ives, Anthony R. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-02)
    The importance of environmental disturbances as drivers of ecological communities depends not only on the magnitude of the disturbance, but also on the disturbance-specific sensitivity of the community. Organisms that alter the physical structure of ...
  • Heinonen, Jukka; Säynäjoki, Antti; Junnonen, Juha-Matti; Pöyry, Amalia; Junnila, Seppo (Elsevier BV, 2016-01)
    Both the construction and use of buildings cause significant environmental pressures. The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions imposed by buildings have been studied rather extensively, but less is known about other impacts. Still, climate change is only ...
  • Groot Zwaaftink, Christine; Arnalds, Olafur; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla; Eckhardt, Sabine; Prospero, Joseph M.; Stohl, Andreas (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-09-14)
    Icelandic dust sources are known to be highly active, yet there exist few model simulations of Icelandic dust that could be used to assess its impacts on the environment. We here present estimates of dust emission and transport in Iceland over 27 years ...
  • Mischke, Steffen; Liu, Chenglin; Zhang, Jiafu; Zhang, Chengjun; Zhang, Hua; Jiao, Pengcheng; Plessen, Birgit (Springer Nature, 2017-02-27)
    Remnants of cities and farmlands in China’s hyperarid Tarim Basin indicate that environmental conditions were significantly wetter two millennia ago in a region which is barren desert today. Historical documents and age data of organic remains show ...