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Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Subject "Ónæmisfræði"

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Subject "Ónæmisfræði"

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  • Aradóttir Pind, Auður Anna; Dubik, Magdalena; Þórsdóttir, Sigrún; Meinke, Andreas; Harandi, Ali M.; Holmgren, Jan; Del Giudice, Giuseppe; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Bjarnarson, Stefanía P (Frontiers Media SA, 2019-09-26)
    Immaturity of the immune system contributes to poor vaccine responses in early life. Germinal center (GC) activation is limited due to poorly developed follicular dendritic cells (FDC), causing generation of few antibody-secreting cells (ASCs) with ...
  • Pardal, Sara; Drews, Anna; Alves, Jose; Ramos, Jaime A.; Westerdahl, Helena (Springer Nature, 2017-05-23)
    The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) encodes proteins that are central for antigen presentation and pathogen elimination. MHC class I (MHC-I) genes have attracted a great deal of interest among researchers in ecology and evolution and have been ...
  • Káradóttir, Harpa; Nikhil Nitin, Kulkarn; Guðjónsson, Þórarinn; Karason, Sigurbergur; Guðmundsson, Guðmundur Hrafn (PeerJ, 2015-12-07)
    Mechanical ventilation (MV) of patients can cause damage to bronchoalveolar epithelium, leading to a sterile inflammatory response, infection and in severe cases sepsis. Limited knowledge is available on the effects of MV on the innate immune defense ...
  • Hendriksen, Rene S.; Thorsteinsdottir, Thorunn Rafnar (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-03-08)
    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a serious threat to global public health, but obtaining representative data on AMR for healthy human populations is difficult. Here, we use metagenomic analysis of untreated sewage to characterize the bacterial resistome ...
  • Arnadottir, Gudny; Norðdahl, Guðmundur L.; Gudmundsdottir, Steinunn; Ágústsdóttir, Arna B.; Sigurðsson, Snævar; Jensson, Brynjar Örn; Bjarnadóttir, Kristbjörg; Theodórs, Fannar; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Ívarsdóttir, Erna V.; Oddsson, Asmundur; Kristjánsson, Ragnar P.; Sulem, Gerald; Alexandersson, Kristján F.; Júlíusdóttir, Þórhildur; Guðmundsson, Kjartan R.; Sæmundsdóttir, Jóna; Jónasdóttir, Aðalbjörg; Jónasdóttir, Áslaug; Sigurðsson, Ásgeir; Manzanillo, Paolo; Guðjónsson, Sigurjón Axel; Thorisson, Gudmundur A.; Magnússon, Ólafur Þ.; Másson, Gísli; Örvar, Kjartan B.; Holm, Hilma; Björnsson, Sigurður; Arngrimsson, Reynir; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Haraldsson, Ásgeir; Sulem, Patrick; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-10-25)
    Mutations in genes encoding subunits of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase complex are recognized to cause chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a severe primary immunodeficiency. Here we describe how deficiency of CYBC1, a previously uncharacterized protein ...
  • Myszor, Iwona T.; Parveen, Zahida; Ottosson, Håkan; Bergman, Peter; Agerberth, Birgitta; Strömberg, Roger; Guðmundsson, Guðmundur H. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-05-08)
    Aroylated phenylenediamines (APDs) are novel inducers of innate immunity enhancing cathelicidin gene expression in human bronchial epithelial cell lines. Here we present two newly developed APDs and aimed at defning the response and signaling pathways ...
  • Magnadottir, Bergljot; Hayes, Polly; Gísladóttir, Berglind; Bragason, Birkir; Hristova, Mariya; Nicholas, Anthony P.; Guðmundsdóttir, Sigríður; Lange, Sigrun (Elsevier BV, 2018-10)
    Pentraxins arefluid phase pattern recognition molecules that form an important part of the innate immunedefence and are conserved betweenfish and human. In Atlantic cod (Gadus morhuaL.), two pentraxin-likeproteins have been described, CRP-I and CRP-II. ...
  • Magnadottir, Bergljot; Hayes, Polly; Hristova, Mariya; Bragason, Birkir; Nicholas, Anthony P.; Dodds, Alister W.; Guðmundsdóttir, Sigríður; Lange, Sigrun (Elsevier BV, 2018-10)
    Peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs) are calcium dependent enzymes with physiological and pathophysiologicalroles conserved throughout phylogeny. PADs promote post-translational deimination of protein arginine to ci-trulline, altering the structure and ...
  • Lemarquis, Andri Leo; Einarsdóttir, Helga K.; Kristjansdóttir, Rakel N.; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Lúðvíksson, Björn R. (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-04-27)
    Selective IgA deficiency (IgAD) is the most common primary antibody deficiency in the western world with affected individuals suffering from an increased burden of autoimmunity, atopic diseases and infections. It has been shown that IgAD B cells can ...