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Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Department "Læknadeild (HÍ)"

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Department "Læknadeild (HÍ)"

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  • Sigurðsson, Emil Lárus (Informa UK Limited, 2018-01-02)
  • Gorski, Mathias; van der Most, Peter J.; Teumer, Alexander; Chu, Audrey Y.; Li, Man; Mijatovic, Vladan; Nolte, Ilja M.; Cocca, Massimiliano; Taliun, Daniel; Gomez, Felicia; Li, Yong; Tayo, Bamidele; Tin, Adrienne; Feitosa, Mary F.; Aspelund, Thor; Attia, John; Biffar, Reiner; Bochud, Murielle; Boerwinkle, Eric; Borecki, Ingrid; Bottinger, Erwin P.; Chen, Ming-Huei; Chouraki, Vincent; Ciullo, Marina; Coresh, Josef; Cornelis, Marilyn C.; Curhan, Gary C.; d’Adamo, Adamo Pio; Dehghan, Abbas; Dengler, Laura; Ding, Jingzhong; Eiríksdóttir, Guðný; Endlich, Karlhans; Enroth, Stefan; Esko, Tõnu; Franco, Oscar H.; Gasparini, Paolo; Gieger, Christian; Girotto, Giorgia; Gottesman, Omri; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Gyllensten, Ulf; Hancock, Stephen J.; Harris, Tamara B.; Helmer, Catherine; Höllerer, Simon; Hofer, Edith; Hofman, Albert; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Homuth, Georg; Hu, Frank B.; Huth, Cornelia; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Hwang, Shih-Jen; Imboden, Medea; Johansson, Åsa; Kähönen, Mika; König, Wolfgang; Kramer, Holly; Krämer, Bernhard K.; Kumar, Ashish; Kutalik, Zoltán; Lambert, Jean-Charles; Launer, Lenore J.; Lehtimäki, Terho; de Borst, Martin; Navis, Gerjan; Swertz, Morris; Liu, Yongmei; Lohman, Kurt; Loos, Ruth J. F.; Lu, Yingchang; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; McEvoy, Mark A.; Meisinger, Christa; Meitinger, Thomas; Metspalu, Andres; Metzger, Marie; Mihailov, Evelin; Mitchell, Paul; Nauck, Matthias; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Olden, Matthias; WJH Penninx, Brenda; Pistis, Giorgio; Pramstaller, Peter P.; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Raitakari, Olli T.; Rettig, Rainer; Ridker, Paul M.; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Robino, Antonietta; Rosas, Sylvia E.; Ruderfer, Douglas; Ruggiero, Daniela; Saba, Yasaman; Sala, Cinzia; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold; Scott, Rodney J.; Sedaghat, Sanaz; Smith, Albert Vernon; Sorice, Rossella; Stengel, Benedicte; Stracke, Sylvia; Strauch, Konstantin; Toniolo, Daniela; Uitterlinden, André G.; Ulivi, Sheila; Viikari, Jorma S.; Völker, Uwe; Vollenweider, Peter; Völzke, Henry; Vuckovic, Dragana; Waldenberger, Melanie; Jin Wang, Jie; Yang, Qiong; Chasman, Daniel I.; Tromp, Gerard; Snieder, Harold; Heid, Iris M.; Fox, Caroline S.; Köttgen, Anna; Pattaro, Cristian; Böger, Carsten A.; Fuchsberger, Christian (Springer Nature, 2017-04-28)
    HapMap imputed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed >50 loci at which common variants with minor allele frequency >5% are associated with kidney function. GWAS using more complete reference sets for imputation, such as those from The ...
  • Ulfarsson, Magnus; Walters, G B; Gústafsson, O; Steinberg, S; Silva, A; Doyle, O M; Brammer, M; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Arnarsdóttir, S; Jonsdottir, Gudbjorg; Gísladóttir, R S; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Helgason, H; Ellingsen, L M; Halldórsson, J G; Sæmundsen, Evald E.; Stefánsdóttir, B; Jónsson, L; Eiríksdóttir, V K; Eiríksdóttir, G R; Jóhannesdóttir, G H; Unnsteinsdóttir, U; Jónsdóttir, B; Magnúsdóttir, B B; sulem, patrick; Þorsteinsdóttir, Unnur; Sigurðsson, E; Brandeis, D; Meyer-Lindenberg, A; Stefánsson, H; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Nature, 2017-04-25)
    Several copy number variants have been associated with neuropsychiatric disorders and these variants have been shown to also influence cognitive abilities in carriers unaffected by psychiatric disorders. Previously, we associated the 15q11.2(BP1–BP2) ...
  • Edmunds, Kyle; Gíslason, Magnús; Sigurðsson, Sigurður; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara; Carraro, Ugo; Gargiulo, Paolo (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-03-07)
    Sarcopenic muscular degeneration has been consistently identified as an independent risk factor for mortality in aging populations. Recent investigations have realized the quantitative potential of computed tomography (CT) image analysis to describe ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Þórunn Ásta; Alexandersson, Kristján F.; Sveinbjörnsson, Garðar; Lapini, Giulia; Palladino, Laura; Montomoli, Emanuele; Del Giudice, Giuseppe; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Jonsdottir, Ingileif (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-01-08)
    Influenza vaccination remains the best strategy for the prevention of influenza virus-related disease and reduction of disease severity and mortality. However, there is large individual variation in influenza vaccine responses. In this study, we ...
  • Jónsson, Helgi (Springer Nature, 2017-12)
    Background: Hand photography has been used in a number of studies to determine the presence and severity of hand osteoarthritis (HOA). The aim of this study was to present age and gender specific prevalences of HOA diagnosed by this method. Methods: ...
  • Kuiper, Ingrid N.; Svanes, Cecilie; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bertelsen, Randi J.; Bråbäck, Lennart; Dharmage, Shyamali C.; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jögi, Rain; Malinovschi, Andrei; Matheson, Melanie; Moratalla, Jesús Martínez; Real, Francisco Gómez; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Timm, Signe; Johannessen, Ane (Springer Nature, 2018-07-27)
    Background Self-report questionnaires are commonly used in epidemiology, but may be susceptible to misclassification, especially if answers are given on behalf of others, e.g. children or parents. The aim was to determine agreement and analyse predictors ...
  • Sapkota, Yadav; De Vivo, Immaculata; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Fassbender, Amelie; Bowdler, Lisa; Buring, Julie E.; Edwards, Todd L.; Jones, Sarah; Dorien, O.; Peterse, Danielle; Rexrode, Kathryn M.; Ridker, Paul M.; Schork, Andrew J.; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Wallace, Leanne M.; Kraft, Peter; Morris, Andrew P.; Nyholt, Dale R.; Edwards, Digna R. Velez; Nyegaard, Mette; D'Hooghe, Thomas; Chasman, Daniel I.; Stefansson, Kari; Missmer, Stacey A.; Montgomery, Grant W. (Springer Nature, 2017-09)
    Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified 19 independent common risk loci for endometriosis. Most of the GWA variants are non-coding and the genes responsible for the association signals have not been identified. Herein, we aimed to assess ...
  • Löve, Arndís Sue Ching; Baz-Lomba, Jose Antonio; Reid, Malcolm J.; Kankaanpää, Aino; Gunnar, Teemu; Dam, Maria; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín; Thomas, Kevin V. (Elsevier BV, 2018-06)
    Wastewater-based epidemiology is an efficient way to assess illicit drug use, complementing currently used methods retrieved from different data sources. The aim of this study is to compare stimulant drug use in five Nordic capital cities that include ...
  • Mindus, Stephanie; Malinovschi, Andrei; Ekerljung, Linda; Forsberg, Bertil; Gíslason, Þórarinn; Jõgi, Rain; Franklin, Karl A.; Holm, Mathias; Johannessen, Ane; Middelveld, Roelinde; Schlünssen, Vivi; Svanes, Cecilie; Torén, Kjell; Lindberg, Eva; Janson, Christer (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-04-02)
    Background The term Asthma and COPD Overlap (ACO) describes a condition where asthma and COPD overlap. We aimed to investigate associations between ACO and insomnia and respiratory symptoms, and to investigate the prevalence of ACO and the characteristics ...
  • Lønnebotn, Marianne; Svanes, Cecilie; Igland, Jannicke; Franklin, Karl A.; Accordini, Simone; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bentouhami, Hayat; Blanco, José A. G.; Bono, Roberto; Corsico, Angelo; Demoly, Pascal; Dharmage, Shyamali; Dorado Arenas, Sandra; Garcia, Judith; Heinrich, Joachim; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jarvis, Debbie; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús; Nowak, Dennis; Pin, Isabelle; Raherison-Semjen, Chantal; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Skulstad, Svein Magne; Dratva, Julia; Gómez Real, Francisco (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-04-25)
    Life course data on obesity may enrich the quality of epidemiologic studies analysing health consequences of obesity. However, achieving such data may require substantial resources. We investigated the use of body silhouettes in adults as a tool to ...
  • Magnússon, Björn Jakob; Agnarsson, Uggi; Gudnason, Thorarinn; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-01-05)
    Inngangur: Þótt brátt hjartadrep sé fyrst og fremst sjúkdómur eldra fólks getur það valdið ótímabærum dauða, heilsubresti og skertum lífsgæðum hjá yngra fólki. Árin 1980-1984 voru nýgengi, áhættuþættir, staðsetning hjartadreps, ástand kransæða og ...
  • Ågerstrand, Marlene; Christiansen, Sofie; Hanberg, Annika; Rudén, Christina; Andersson, Lars; Andersen, Sjur; Appelgren, Henrik; Bjørge, Christine; Clausen, Ian Henning; Eide, Dag Markus; Hartmann, Nanna B.; Husøy, Trine; Halldórsson, Halldór Pálmar; van der Hagen, Marianne; Ingre-Khans, Ellen; Lillicrap, Adam David; Beltoft, Vibe Meister; Mörk, Anna-Karin; Murtomaa-Hautala, Mari; Nielsen, Elsa; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín; Palomäki, Jaana; Papponen, Hinni; Reiler, Emilie Marie; Stockmann-Juvala, Helene; Suutari, Tiina; Tyle, Henrik; Beronius, Anna (Wiley, 2018-01-03)
    This is a call for action to scientific journals to introduce reporting requirements for toxicity and ecotoxicity studies. Such reporting requirements will support the use of peer‐reviewed research studies in regulatory decision‐making. Moreover, this ...
  • Yi, Zhiqian; Su, Yixi; Xu, Maonian; Bergmann, Andreas; Ingþórsson, Sævar; Rolfsson, Óttar; Salehi-Ashtiani, Kourosh; Brynjolfsson, Sigurdur; Fu, Weiqi (MDPI AG, 2018-08-04)
    Diatoms are a major group of unicellular algae that are rich in lipids and carotenoids. However, sustained research efforts are needed to improve the strain performance for high product yields towards commercialization. In this study, we generated a ...
  • Brett, Jonathan; Zoega, Helga; Buckley, Nicholas A.; Daniels, Benjamin J.; Elshaug, Adam G.; Pearson, Sallie-Anne (Springer Nature, 2018-12)
    Background The global Choosing Wisely campaign has identified the following psychotropic prescribing as low-value (harmful or wasteful): (1) benzodiazepine use in the elderly, (2) antipsychotic use in dementia and (3) prescribing two or more antipsychotics ...
  • Christensen, Stine Holmegaard; Timm, Signe; Janson, Christer; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Forsberg, Bertil; Holm, Mathias; Jogi, Rain; Johannessen, Ane; Omenaas, Ernst; Sigsgaard, Torben; Svanes, Cecilie; Schlünssen, Vivi (Informa UK Limited, 2016-01)
    Background: The protective effect of farm upbringing on allergic rhinitis is well known, but how upbringing in other environments influences the development of allergic rhinitis is scarcely investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
  • Maret-Ouda, John; Wahlin, Karl; Artama, Miia; Brusselaers, Nele; Färkkilä, Martti; Lynge, Elsebeth; Mattsson, Fredrik; Pukkala, Eero; Romundstad, Pål; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Euler-Chelpin, My von; Lagergren, Jesper (BMJ, 2017-06)
    Purpose To describe a newly created all-Nordic cohort of patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), entitled the Nordic Antireflux Surgery Cohort (NordASCo), which will be used to compare participants having undergone antireflux surgery ...
  • Hjálmarsdóttir, Martha Ásdís; Quirk, Sigríður Júlía; Haraldsson, Gunnsteinn; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Haraldsson, Ásgeir; Kristinsson, Karl G. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-01-26)
    Background Information on pneumococcal serotype distribution before vaccination is a prerequisite for evaluation of vaccine effect. The aim was to investigate the prevalence of pneumococcal serotypes isolated from middle ear (ME), lower respiratory ...
  • Arnardottir, Nanna Yr; Óskarsdóttir, Nína Dóra; Brychta, Robert J.; Koster, Annemarie; van Domelen, Dane R.; Caserotti, Paolo; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Sverrisdóttir, Jóhanna E.; Jóhannsson, Erlingur; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara B.; Chen, Kong Y.; Sveinsson, Thorarinn (MDPI AG, 2017-10-21)
    In Iceland, there is a large variation in daylight between summer and winter. The aim of the study was to identify how this large variation influences physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB). Free living PA was measured by a waist-worn ...
  • Haraldsdottir, Sigurdis; Rafnar, Þórunn; Frankel, Wendy L.; Einarsdóttir, Sylvía; Sigurðsson, Ásgeir; Hampel, Heather; Snaebjornsson, Petur; Másson, Gísli; Weng, Daniel; Arngrimsson, Reynir; Kehr, Birte; Yilmaz, Ahmet; Haraldsson, Stefan; sulem, patrick; Stefansson, Tryggvi; Shields, Peter G.; Sigurðsson, Fridbjörn; Bekaii-Saab, Tanios; Moller, Pall H.; Steinarsdóttir, Margrét; Alexíusdóttir, Kristín; Hitchins, Megan; Pritchard, Colin C.; de la Chapelle, Albert; Jónasson, Jón Gunnlaugur; Goldberg, Richard M.; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Nature, 2017-05-03)
    Lynch syndrome, caused by germline mutations in the mismatch repair genes, is associated with increased cancer risk. Here using a large whole-genome sequencing data bank, cancer registry and colorectal tumour bank we determine the prevalence of Lynch ...