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Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Department "Jarðvísindastofnun (HÍ)"

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Department "Jarðvísindastofnun (HÍ)"

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  • Gylfadottir, Sigridur Sif; Kim, Jihwan; Helgason, Jón Kristinn; Brynjólfsson, Sveinn; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Jóhannesson, Tómas; Harbitz, Carl Bonnevie; Løvholt, Finn (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-05)
    A large rockslide was released from the inner Askja caldera into Lake Askja, Iceland, on 21 July 2014. Upon entering the lake, it caused a large tsunami that traveled about ∼3 km across the lake and inundated the shore with vertical runup measuring up ...
  • Aufaristama, Muhammad; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Ulfarsson, Magnus; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg; Thordarson, Thorvaldur (MDPI AG, 2019-02-26)
    The Holuhraun lava flow was the largest effusive eruption in Iceland for 230 years, with an estimated lava bulk volume of ~1.44 km3 and covering an area of ~84 km2. The six month long eruption at Holuhraun 2014–2015 generated a diverse surface environment. ...
  • Batt, Catherine M.; Brown, Maxwell; Clelland, Sarah-Jane; Korte, Monika; Linford, Paul; Outram, Zoe (Elsevier BV, 2017-09)
    Archaeomagnetic dating offers a valuable chronological tool for archaeological investigations, particularly for dating fired material. The method depends on the establishment of a dated record of secular variation of the Earth's magnetic field and this ...
  • Reynolds, D. J.; Scourse, J. D.; Halloran, P. R.; Nederbragt, A. J.; Wanamaker, A. D.; Butler, P. G.; Richardson, C. A.; Heinemeier, J.; Eiriksson, Jon; Knudsen, K. L.; Hall, I. R. (Springer Nature, 2016-12-06)
    Owing to the lack of absolutely dated oceanographic information before the modern instrumental period, there is currently significant debate as to the role played by North Atlantic Ocean dynamics in previous climate transitions (for example, Medieval ...
  • Damby, David E.; Horwell, Claire J.; Larsen, Guðrún Þorgerður; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Tomatis, Maura; Fubini, Bice; Donaldson, Ken (Springer Nature, 2017-09-11)
    Background The eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull (2010) and Grímsvötn (2011), Iceland, triggered immediate, international consideration of the respiratory health hazard of inhaling volcanic ash, and prompted the need to estimate the potential hazard posed ...
  • Motyka, Roman J.; Cassotto, Ryan; Truffer, Martin; Kjeldsen, Kristian K.; Van As, Dirk; Korsgaard, Niels Jakup; Fahnestock, Mark; Howat, Ian; Langen, Peter L.; Mortensen, John; Lennert, Kunuk; Rysgaard, Søren (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2017-01-25)
    We assess ice loss and velocity changes between 1985 and 2014 of three tidewater and fiveland terminating glaciers in Godthabsfjord (Nuup Kangerlua), Greenland. Glacier thinning accounted for 43.8 +/- 0.2 km(3) of ice loss, equivalent to 0.10 mm eustatic ...
  • Till, Jessica L; Nowaczyk, N (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-03-08)
    The iron oxyhydroxide goethite is unstable at elevated temperatures and can transform to magnetite under reducing conditions. In this study, various heating experiments were conducted to simulate Fe-mineral transformations during pyrogenic or burial ...
  • Gopalan, Giridhar Raja; Hrafnkelsson, Birgir; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Pálsson, Finnur (Copernicus GmbH, 2018-07-11)
    Bayesian hierarchical modeling can assist the study of glacial dynamics and ice flow properties. This approach will allow glaciologists to make fully probabilistic predictions for the thickness of a glacier at unobserved spatiotemporal coordinates, and ...
  • Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Lal, Rattan (Informa UK Limited, 2017-05-24)
    SOC has received increased attention over the last decades because of its role as an option to mitigate the effects of increased anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. In Iceland, the loss of vegetation and soil due to land-use and natural processes ...
  • Hauri, Erik H.; Maclennan, J.; McKenzie, D.; Gronvold, K.; Óskarsson, N.; Shimizu, N. (Geological Society of America, 2017-11-16)
    Primitive basalt melt inclusions from Borgarhraun, northern Iceland, display large correlated variations in CO2 and nonvolatile incompatible trace elements (ITEs) such as Nb, Th, Rb, and Ba. The average CO2/ITE ratios of the Borgarhraun melt inclusion ...
  • Liu, E. J.; Cashman, K. V.; Rust, A. C.; Höskuldsson, Ármann (Springer Nature, 2017-09-07)
    Growing evidence for significant magmatic vesiculation prior to magma-water interaction (MWI) has brought into question the use of ‘diagnostic’ features, such as low vesicularities and blocky morphologies, to identify hydromagmatic pyroclasts. We address ...
  • Nielsen, Lisbeth T.; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Gkinis, Vasileios; Nuterman, Roman; Hvidberg, Christine S. (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2018-05-22)
    The Holocene climatic optimum was a period 8–5 kyr ago when annual mean surface temperatures in Greenland were 2–3°C warmer than present-day values. However, this warming left little imprint on commonly used temperature proxies often used to derive the ...
  • Gíslason, Sigurður Reynir; Stefansdottir, Gerdur; Pfeffer, Melissa; Barsotti, Sara; Jóhannsson, Th.; Galeczka, Iwona Monika; Bali, Eniko; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Stefansson, Andri; Keller, Nicole Simone; Sigurðsson, Á.; Bergsson, Bergur H.; Galle, B.; Jacobo, V.C; Arellano, S.; Aiuppa, A.; Jónasdóttir, Elín Björk; Eiríksdóttir, E.S.; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur Heiðar; Halldórsson, Sæmundur Ari; Gunnarsson, H.; Haddadi, B.; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Riishuus, Morten; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Dürig, Tobias; Pedersen, Gro; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi (European Association of Geochemistry, 2015)
    The effusive six months long 2014-2015 Bárðarbunga eruption (31 August-27 February) was the largest in Iceland for more than 200 years, producing 1.6 ± 0.3 km3 of lava. The total SO2 emission was 11 ± 5 Mt, more than the amount emitted from Europe ...
  • Gascoin, Simon; Guðmundsson, Sverrir; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Pálsson, Finnur; Schmidt, Louise; Berthier, Etienne; Björnsson, Helgi (MDPI AG, 2017-04-25)
    Albedo is a key variable in the response of glaciers to climate. In Iceland, large albedo variations of the ice caps may be caused by the deposition of volcanic ash (tephra). Sparse in situ measurements are insufficient to characterize the spatial ...
  • Cook, Eliza; Davies, Siwan M.; Guðmundsdóttir, Esther Ruth; Abbott, Peter M.; Pearce, Nicholas J. G. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2018-02)
    Contiguous sampling of ice spanning key intervals of the deglaciation from the Greenland ice cores of NGRIP, GRIP and NEEM has revealed three new silicic cryptotephra deposits that are geochemically similar to the well‐known Borrobol Tephra (BT). The ...
  • Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Pálsson, Finnur; Ágústsson, H.; Crochet, P. (Copernicus GmbH, 2016-01-19)
    In this paper we describe how recent high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) can be used to extract glacier surface DEMs from old aerial photographs and to evaluate the uncertainty of the mass balance record derived from the DEMs. We present a ...
  • Mackay, Jonathan D.; Barrand, Nicholas E.; Hannah, David M.; Krause, Stefan; Jackson, Christopher R.; Everest, Jez; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna (Copernicus GmbH, 2018-07-06)
    Glacio-hydrological models (GHMs) allow us to develop an understanding of how future climate change will affect river flow regimes in glaciated watersheds. A variety of simplified GHM structures and parameterisations exist, yet the performance of these ...
  • Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Jónsdóttir, Kristín; Hooper, Andrew; Holohan, Eoghan P.; Halldorsson, Saemundur; Ofeigsson, Benedikt Gunnar; Cesca, Simone; Vogfjörð, Kristín S.; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Einarsson, Páll; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Jónasson, Kristján; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Hreinsdóttir, Sigrún; Bagnardi, Marco; Parks, Michelle M.; hjorleifsdottir, vala; Pálsson, Finnur; Walter, Thomas R.; Schöpfer, Martin P. J.; Heimann, Sebastian; Reynolds, Hannah Iona; Dumont, Stéphanie; Bali, Eniko; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur Heiðar; Dahm, Torsten; Roberts, Matthew J.; Hensch, Martin; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Spaans, Karsten; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðmundsson, Gunnar B.; Fridriksdóttir, Hildur María; Drouin, Vincent; Dürig, Tobias; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Riishuus, Morten; Pedersen, Gro; van Boeckel, Tayo; Oddsson, Björn; Pfeffer, Melissa A.; Barsotti, Sara; Bergsson, Baldur; Donovan, Amy; Burton, Mike R.; Aiuppa, Alessandro (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2016-07-14)
    Large volcanic eruptions on Earth commonly occur with a collapse of the roof of a crustal magma reservoir, forming a caldera. Only a few such collapses occur per century, and the lack of detailed observations has obscured insight into the mechanical ...
  • Pfeffer, Melissa; Bergsson, Baldur; Barsotti, Sara; Stefansdottir, Gerdur; Galle, Bo; Arellano, Santiago; Conde, Vladimir; Donovan, Amy; Ilyinskaya, Evgenia; Burton, Mike; Aiuppa, Alessandro; Whitty, Rachel; Simmons, Isla; Arason, Þórður; Jónasdóttir, Elín; Keller, Nicole; Yeo, Richard; Arngrímsson, Hermann; Jóhannsson, Þorsteinn; Butwin, Mary; Askew, Robert; DUMONT, Stéphanie; von Löwis, Sibylle; Ingvarsson, Þorgils; La Spina, Alessandro; Thomas, Helen; Prata, Fred; Grassa, Fausto; Giudice, Gaetano; Stefansson, Andri; Marzano, Frank; Montopoli, Mario; Mereu, Luigi (MDPI AG, 2018-01-18)
    he 2014–2015 Bárðarbunga fissure eruption at Holuhraun in central Iceland was distinguished by the high emission of gases, in total 9.6 Mt SO2, with almost no tephra. This work collates all ground-based measurements of this extraordinary eruption cloud ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Vilmundardóttir, Olga Kolbrún; Kizel, Fadi; Sigurmundsson, Friðþór Sófus; Gísladóttir, Guðrún; Benediktsson, Jon Atli (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2018-02-22)
    Lava flow thicknesses, volumes, and effusion rates provide essential information for understanding the behavior of eruptions and their associated deformation signals. Preeruption and posteruption elevation models were generated from historical stereo ...