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A comparative study of life cycle carbon emissions and embodied energy between sun-dried bricks and fired clay bricks

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Dabaieh, Marwa
dc.contributor.author Heinonen, Jukka
dc.contributor.author El-Mahdy, Deena
dc.contributor.author Hassan, Dalya M.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-23T11:02:00Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-23T11:02:00Z
dc.date.issued 2020-12-01
dc.identifier.citation Dabaieh, M., Heinonen, J., El-Mahdy, D., & Hassan, D. (2020). A comparative study of life cycle carbon emissions and embodied energy between sun-dried bricks and fired clay bricks. Journal of Cleaner Production, 275, Journal of cleaner production, 01 December 2020, Vol.275.
dc.identifier.issn 0959-6526
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2137
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract This study presents a comparison of the life cycle carbon emission (LCCO2) and embodied energy calculation between two kinds of bricks, sun-dried and fired clay, as means of evaluating the energy and climate impact of each brick type and the economics of production. Focus is paid to the differences across the whole production chain between sun-dried clay bricks, which represent the traditional norm, and fired clay bricks, which are the most widely-used walling materials in conventional buildings. A case study was carried out in Dakhla Oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt. The results of this study show that if sun-dried bricks are used instead of fired bricks, a reduction of up to 5907 kg CO₂e (in CO₂ emissions) and 5305 MJ of embodied energy for every1000 bricks produced could be achieved. The paper concludes by offering alternative scenarios for brick-making and suggestions for improving sun-dried brick production. The methodology used in this study contributes to the development of an investigative-comparative way to assess choices between building materials. It also intends to help inform local homeowners and building practitioners not only in Egypt, but also globally, about resource depletion, energy consumption, and harmful emissions from fired industrial bricks as a common building construction material.
dc.description.sponsorship We would like to acknowledge Dr. Bernhard Steubing for his guidance on the applicability of using SimaPro in the Egyptian context and Dr. Andr? Stephan for his comments on an early draft of this study. Special thanks to Mr. Saber Osman for his swift response and help with technical reports on the Egyptian Brick Factory GHG Reduction Project and Eng. Baher El- Sharaawy for his help with data from the Egyptian GIS unit and CAPMAS. Thanks to Dr. Ahmed Abdelmontaleb for the discussion on LCA for the brick industry in Egypt. Sincere gratitude to Eng. Jaber Aboelela, Architect Zeiad Amer and Architect Yasser Abdallah for their kind help with providing information on brick production in Egypt.
dc.format.extent 122998
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Cleaner Production;275
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Carbon emissions
dc.subject Carbon life cycle
dc.subject Cradle to cradle
dc.subject Embodied energy
dc.subject Fired clay brick
dc.subject Sun-dried clay brick
dc.subject Kolefnisspor
dc.subject Gróðurhúsalofttegundir
dc.subject Koltvíoxíð
dc.subject Byggingarefni
dc.title A comparative study of life cycle carbon emissions and embodied energy between sun-dried bricks and fired clay bricks
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Journal of Cleaner Production
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122998
dc.relation.url https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652620330432?via%3Dihub
dc.contributor.department Umhverfis- og byggingarverkfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering (UI)
dc.contributor.school Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)

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