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A comparative study of life cycle carbon emissions and embodied energy between sun-dried bricks and fired clay bricks

A comparative study of life cycle carbon emissions and embodied energy between sun-dried bricks and fired clay bricks


Title: A comparative study of life cycle carbon emissions and embodied energy between sun-dried bricks and fired clay bricks
Author: Dabaieh, Marwa
Heinonen, Jukka   orcid.org/0000-0002-7298-4999
El-Mahdy, Deena
Hassan, Dalya M.
Date: 2020-12-01
Language: English
Scope: 122998
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
Department: Umhverfis- og byggingarverkfræðideild (HÍ)
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering (UI)
Series: Journal of Cleaner Production;275
ISSN: 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122998
Subject: Carbon emissions; Carbon life cycle; Cradle to cradle; Embodied energy; Fired clay brick; Sun-dried clay brick; Kolefnisspor; Gróðurhúsalofttegundir; Koltvíoxíð; Byggingarefni
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2137

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Citation:

Dabaieh, M., Heinonen, J., El-Mahdy, D., & Hassan, D. (2020). A comparative study of life cycle carbon emissions and embodied energy between sun-dried bricks and fired clay bricks. Journal of Cleaner Production, 275, Journal of cleaner production, 01 December 2020, Vol.275.

Abstract:

This study presents a comparison of the life cycle carbon emission (LCCO2) and embodied energy calculation between two kinds of bricks, sun-dried and fired clay, as means of evaluating the energy and climate impact of each brick type and the economics of production. Focus is paid to the differences across the whole production chain between sun-dried clay bricks, which represent the traditional norm, and fired clay bricks, which are the most widely-used walling materials in conventional buildings. A case study was carried out in Dakhla Oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt. The results of this study show that if sun-dried bricks are used instead of fired bricks, a reduction of up to 5907 kg CO₂e (in CO₂ emissions) and 5305 MJ of embodied energy for every1000 bricks produced could be achieved. The paper concludes by offering alternative scenarios for brick-making and suggestions for improving sun-dried brick production. The methodology used in this study contributes to the development of an investigative-comparative way to assess choices between building materials. It also intends to help inform local homeowners and building practitioners not only in Egypt, but also globally, about resource depletion, energy consumption, and harmful emissions from fired industrial bricks as a common building construction material.

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This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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