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Whale sanctuaries – An analysis of their contribution to marine ecosystem-based management

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Cook, David
dc.contributor.author Malinauskaite, Laura
dc.contributor.author Roman, Joe
dc.contributor.author Davidsdottir, Brynhildur
dc.contributor.author Ögmundardóttir, Helga
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-17T14:27:37Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-17T14:27:37Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12
dc.identifier.citation Cook, D., Malinauskaite, L., Roman, J., Davíðsdóttir, B., & Ögmundardóttir, H. (2019). Whale sanctuaries – An analysis of their contribution to marine ecosystem-based management. Ocean & Coastal Management, 182, 104987. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.104987
dc.identifier.issn 0964-5691
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1700
dc.description Post-print (lokagerð höfundar)
dc.description.abstract Goal 14, ‘Life Below Water’, of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals sets a target for nations to increase the number of marine protected areas managed using ecosystem-based management, which requires interventions focused on fish stock conservation and enhancement, environmental sustainability and ecosystem services of benefit to human beings. Although not adhering to the International Union for Conservation of Nature's criteria for marine protected areas, whale sanctuaries are an increasingly common approach to conservation around the world. This paper is the first in the academic literature to use a case study approach to review the extent to which whale sanctuaries contribute to ecosystem-based management. A fifteen-criteria framework for marine ecosystem-based management is applied with reference to six whale sanctuary case studies, including the International Whaling Commission's two designations in the Indian Ocean and Southern Ocean. The review underscores the generally very limited contribution of whale sanctuaries to ecosystem-based management, unless they are explicit in stating conservation goals and embedding these within iterative management plans. The Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary is cited as an example of an approach that comes closest to fulfilling the objectives of ecosystem-based management, albeit its designation lacks consideration of ecosystem dynamics and the interrelationships between multiple economic actors operating within its boundaries. In order to meet the requirements of Goal 14, the case studies in this paper reveal advancements necessary for whale sanctuaries to transition towards ecosystem-based management: establishment of objectives broader than the conservation of whale stocks, assessment of the contribution of the sanctuary to human well-being and trade-offs in ecosystem services, accounting for ecological and socio-economic dynamics, and ensuring broad stakeholder consultation and participatory adaptive management.
dc.description.sponsorship This paper has been funded by NordForsk (grant number 76654) via their financial support to the Nordic Centre of Excellence ARCPATH (Arctic Climate Predictions – Pathways to Resilient, Sustainable Communities).
dc.format.extent 104987
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Ocean & Coastal Management;182
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Whales
dc.subject Sanctuary
dc.subject Ecosystem services
dc.subject Marine protected areas
dc.subject Ecosystem-based management
dc.subject Hvalir
dc.subject Umhverfisvernd
dc.subject Sjávarvistfræði
dc.subject Vistkerfi
dc.subject Umhverfishagfræði
dc.subject Friðlönd
dc.title Whale sanctuaries – An analysis of their contribution to marine ecosystem-based management
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Ocean & Coastal Management
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.104987
dc.contributor.department Umhverfis- og auðlindafræði (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Environment and Natural Resources (UI)
dc.contributor.department Félagsfræði-, mannfræði- og þjóðfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Sociology, Anthropology and Folkloristics (UI)
dc.contributor.department Hagfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Economics (UI)
dc.contributor.department Líf- og umhverfisvísindadeild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences (UI)
dc.contributor.school Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
dc.contributor.school Félagsvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Social Sciences (UI)

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