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Browsing by Subject "Risk Factors"

Browsing by Subject "Risk Factors"

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  • Lárusdóttir, Katrín Júniána; Guðmundsson, Hjalti; Johnsen, Árni; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi; Guðbjartsson, Tómas; Guomundsdóttir, Ingibjörg Jóna (2021-03)
    INTRODUCTION: Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) has been the standard of treatment for aortic stenosis but transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is increasingly used as treatment in Iceland and elsewhere. Our objective was to assess the ...
  • Halldórsson, Arnljótur Björn; Axelsson, Gísli Þór; Jónsson, Helgi Már; Ísaksson, Jóhann Davíð; Harðardóttir, Hrönn; Guðmundsson, Gunnar; Hansdóttir, Sif (2021-10)
    Introduction Infections due to COVID-19 can lead to life threatening pneumonia. Accompanying severe disease are more prominent pulmonary changes on Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the chest. The goal of this study was to describe pulmonary CT changes ...
  • Wang, Junren; Zhu, Jianwei; Yang, Huazhen; Hu, Yao; Sun, Yajing; Ying, Zhiye; Qu, Yuanyuan; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Fang, Fang; Song, Huan (2021-06-04)
    Objective To assess the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on cardiovascular disease (CVD) related mortality and hospitalisation. Design Community-based prospective cohort study. Setting The UK Biobank. Participants 421 372 UK Biobank participants who ...
  • Yang, Qian; Sjölander, Arvid; Li, Yuchen; Viktorin, Alexander; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R.; Ye, Weimin; Fang, Fang; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Lu, Donghao (2021-05-26)
    Background: Premenstrual disorders, including premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder, are suggested to be correlated with suicidal behavior and accidents in cross-sectional and retrospective studies. However, prospective data are ...
  • Vonk, Jet M.J.; Greving, Jacoba P.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Launer, Lenore J.; Geerlings, Mirjam I. (2021-07-25)
    We aimed to evaluate the external performance of prediction models for all-cause dementia or AD in the general population, which can aid selection of high-risk individuals for clinical trials and prevention. We identified 17 out of 36 eligible published ...
  • the Benign Esophageal Perforation Collaborative Group (2020-07-17)
    BACKGROUND: Time of diagnosis (TOD) of benign esophageal perforation is regarded as an important risk factor for clinical outcome, although convincing evidence is lacking. The aim of this study is to assess whether time between onset of perforation and ...
  • Ajjampur, Sitara S.R.; Kaliappan, Saravanakumar Puthupalayam; Halliday, Katherine E.; Palanisamy, Gokila; Farzana, Jasmine; Manuel, Malathi; Abraham, Dilip; Laxmanan, Selvi; Aruldas, Kumudha; Rose, Anuradha; Kennedy, David S.; Oswald, William E.; Pullan, Rachel L.; Galagan, Sean R.; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Anderson, Roy M.; Muliyil, Jayaprakash; Sarkar, Rajiv; Kang, Gagandeep; Walson, Judd L. (2021-04-30)
    Since 2015, India has coordinated the largest school-based deworming program globally, targeting soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in ~250 million children aged 1 to 19 years twice yearly. Despite substantial progress in reduction of morbidity associated ...
  • Avokpaho, Euripide F.G.A.; Houngbégnon, Parfait; Accrombessi, Manfred; Atindégla, Eloïc; Yard, Elodie; Means, Arianna Rubin; Kennedy, David S.; Littlewood, D. Timothy J.; Garcia, André; Massougbodji, Achille; Galagan, Sean R.; Walson, Judd L.; Cottrell, Gilles; Ibikounlé, Moudachirou; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Luty, Adrian J.F. (2021-08-17)
    Background Despite several years of school-based MDA implementation, STH infections remain an important public health problem in Benin, with a country-wide prevalence of 20% in 2015. The DeWorm3 study is designed to assess the feasibility of using ...
  • Nicoletti, Paola; Devarbhavi, Harshad; Goel, Ashish; Venkatesan, Radha; Eapen, Chundamannil E.; Grove, Jane I.; Zafer, Samreen; Björnsson, Einar Stefán; Lucena, M. Isabel; Andrade, Raul J.; Pirmohamed, Munir; Wadelius, Mia; Larrey, Dominique; Maitland-van der Zee, Anke Hilse; Ibanez, Luisa; Watkins, Paul B.; Daly, Ann K.; Aithal, Guruprasad P. (2021-04)
    Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a complication of treatment with antituberculosis (TB) drugs, especially in isoniazid (INH)-containing regimens. To investigate genetic risk factors, we performed a genomewide association study (GWAS) involving anti-TB ...
  • DBDS Genomic Consortium (2021-02-03)
    Iron is essential for many biological functions and iron deficiency and overload have major health implications. We performed a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies from Iceland, the UK and Denmark of blood levels of ferritin (N = ...
  • Einarsson, Ingi; Daly, Daniel; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Jóhannsson, Erlingur (Læknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkur, 2015-04-01)
    Lítið er vitað um hreyfingu, holdafar og áhættuþætti fyrir ýmsum hjarta-, æða- og efnaskiptasjúkdómum á meðal barna með þroskahömlun. Tilgangur þessarar rannsóknar var að kanna líkamlegt ástand grunnskólabarna með þroskahömlun. Efniviður og ...
  • Westerlind, Helga; Palmqvist, Ida; Saevarsdottir, Saedis; Alfredsson, Lars; Klareskog, Lars; Di Giuseppe, Daniela (2021-08-07)
    BACKGROUND: Tea is a popular beverage around the world and has properties that can affect the immune system. The association between tea consumption and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic autoimmune disease primarily affecting the joints, ...
  • Rögnvaldsson, Sæmundur; Eythorsson, Elias; Thorsteinsdottir, Sigrun; Vidarsson, Brynjar; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Agnarsson, Bjarni Agnar; Sigurdardottir, Margret; Thorsteinsdóttir, Ingunn; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Runólfsdóttir, Hrafnhildur L.; Helgason, Dadi; Emilsdóttir, Arna Rut; Ágústsson, Arnar Snær; Björnsson, Aron Hjalti; Kristjánsdóttir, Gudrún; Thordardottir, Asdis Rosa; Indridason, Olafur Skuli; Jónsson, Ásbjörn; Gislason, Gauti Kjartan; Olafsson, Andri; Steingrímsdóttir, Hlíf; Kampanis, Petros; Hultcrantz, Malin; Durie, Brian G.M.; Harding, Stephen; Landgren, Ola; Palsson, Runolfur; Love, Thorvarður Jon; Kristinsson, Sigurdur Yngvi (2021-12-01)
    Multiple myeloma (MM) patients have increased risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) when infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor of ...
  • Keenan, Brendan T; Magalang, Ulysses J; Mazzotti, Diego R; McArdle, Nigel; Gíslason, Þórarinn; Singh, Bhajan; Maislin, Greg; Pack, Allan I (2022-03-15)
  • Halldórsson, Þórhallur Ingi; Birgisdóttir, Bryndís Eva; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Meltzer, Helle Margrete; Haugen, Margaretha; Þórsdóttir, Inga; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (2021-01-29)
    BACKGROUND: A previous randomized dietary intervention in pregnant women from the 1970s, the Harlem Trial, reported retarded fetal growth and excesses of very early preterm births and neonatal deaths among those receiving high-protein supplementation. ...
  • Eiriksdottir, Thjodbjorg; Ardal, Steinthor; Jonsson, Benedikt A.; Lund, Sigrun H.; Ivarsdottir, Erna V.; Norland, Kristjan; Ferkingstad, Egil; Stefansson, Hreinn; Jónsdóttir, Ingileif; Holm, Hilma; Rafnar, Thorunn; Saemundsdottir, Jona; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Þorgeirsson, Guðmundur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel F.; Sulem, Patrick; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Stefansson, Kari; Úlfarsson, Magnús Örn (2021-06-18)
    Predicting all-cause mortality risk is challenging and requires extensive medical data. Recently, large-scale proteomics datasets have proven useful for predicting health-related outcomes. Here, we use measurements of levels of 4,684 plasma proteins ...
  • Klunder, Jet H.; Bordonis, Veronique; Heymans, Martijn W.; van der Roest, Henriëtte G.; Declercq, Anja; Smit, Jan H.; Garms-Homolova, Vjenka; Jónsson, Pálmi V.; Finne-Soveri, Harriet; Onder, Graziano; Joling, Karlijn J.; Maarsingh, Otto R.; van Hout, Hein P.J. (2021-10-14)
    Background: Accurate identification of older persons at risk of unplanned hospital visits can facilitate preventive interventions. Several risk scores have been developed to identify older adults at risk of unplanned hospital visits. It is unclear ...
  • Su, Xiujuan; Yu, Yongfu; Meng, Lulu; Duan, Tony; Zhao, Yan; László, Krisztina D.; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Hua, Jing; Li, Jiong (2021-10-01)
    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of a mother's loss of a close relative before or during pregnancy with intellectual disability (ID) in the offspring. METHODS: We performed a nationwide population-based cohort study based on Danish ...
  • Reitsma, Marissa B.; Fullman, Nancy; Ng, Marie; Salama, Joseph S.; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Abraham, Biju; Abyu, Gebre Yitayih; Adebiyi, Akindele Olupelumi; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Aleman, Alicia V.; Ali, Raghib; Al Alkerwi, Ala'a; Allebeck, Peter; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa Mohammad; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amberbir, Alemayehu; Ammar, Walid; Amrock, Stephen Marc; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Asayesh, Hamid; Atnafu, Niguse Tadela; Azzopardi, Peter; Banerjee, Amitava; Barac, Aleksandra; Barrientos-Gutierrez, Tonatiuh; Basto-Abreu, Ana Cristina; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Bedi, Neeraj; Bell, Brent; Bello, Aminu K.; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Beyene, Addisu Shunu; Bhala, Neeraj; Biryukov, Stan; Bolt, Kaylin; Brenner, Hermann; Butt, Zahid; Cavalleri, Fiorella; Cercy, Kelly; Chen, Honglei; Christopher, Devasahayam Jesudas; Ciobanu, Liliana G.; Colistro, Valentina; Colomar, Mercedes; Cornaby, Leslie; Dai, Xiaochen; Damtew, Solomon Abrha; Dandona, Lalit; Dandona, Rakhi; Dansereau, Emily; Davletov, Kairat; Dayama, Anand; Degfie, Tizta Tilahun; Deribew, Amare; Dharmaratne, Samath D.; Dimtsu, Balem Demtsu; Doyle, Kerrie E.; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich; Estep, Kara; Faraon, Emerito Jose Aquino; Farzadfar, Farshad; Feigin, Valery L.; Feigl, Andrea B.; Fischer, Florian; Friedman, Joseph; Ghiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Gall, Seana L.; Gao, Wayne; Gillum, Richard F.; Gold, Audra L.; Gopalani, Sameer Vali; Gotay, Carolyn C.; Gupta, Rahul; Gupta, Rajeev; Gupta, Vipin; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hankey, Graeme; Harb, Hilda L.; Hay, Simon I.; Horino, Masako; Horita, Nobuyuki; Hosgood, H. Dean; Husseini, Abdullatif; Ileanu, Bogdan Vasile; Islami, Farhad; Jiang, Guohong; Jiang, Ying; Jonas, Jost B.; Kabir, Zubair; Kamal, Ritul; Kasaeian, Amir; Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan Nair; Khader, Yousef S.; Khalil, Ibrahim; Khang, Young-Ho; Khera, Sahil; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kim, Daniel; Kim, Yun Jin; Kimokoti, Ruth W.; Kinfu, Yohannes; Knibbs, Luke D.; Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Kolte, Dhaval; Kopec, Jacek; Kosen, Soewarta; Kotsakis, Georgios A.; Koul, Parvaiz A.; Koyanagi, Ai; Krohn, Kristopher J.; Krueger, Hans; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Bicer, Burcu Kucuk; Kulkarni, Chanda; Kumar, G. Anil; Leasher, Janet L.; Lee, Alexander; Leinsalu, Mall; Li, Tong; Linn, Shai; Liu, Patrick; Liu, Shiwei; Lo, Loon-Tzian; Lopez, Alan D.; Ma, Stefan; Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Manamo, Wondimu Ayele; Martinez-Raga, Jose; Mekonnen, Alemayehu Berhane; Mendoza, Walter; Miller, Ted R.; Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin; Morawska, Lidia; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Nagel, Gabriele; Neupane, Sudan Prasad; Quyen Nguyen; Nguyen, Grant; Oh, In-Hwan; Oyekale, Abayomi Samuel; Mahesh, P. A.; Pana, Adrian; Park, Eun-Kee; Patil, Snehal T.; Patton, George C.; Pedro, Joao; Qorbani, Mostafa; Rafay, Anwar; Rahman, Mahfuzar; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Ram, Usha; Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal; Refaat, Amany H.; Reinig, Nickolas; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Rodriguez, Alina; Roman, Yesenia; Roth, Gregory; Roy, Ambuj; Sagar, Rajesh; Salomon, Joshua; Sanabria, Juan; Santos, Itamar de Souza; Sartorius, Benn; Satpathy, Maheswar; Sawhney, Monika; Sawyer, Susan; Saylan, Mete; Schaub, Michael P.; Schluger, Neil; Schutte, Aletta Elisabeth; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Serdar, Berrin; Shaikh, Masood Ali; She, Jun; Shin, Min-Jeong; Shiri, Rahman; Shishani, Kawkab; Shiue, Ivy; Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra; Silverberg, Jonathan I.; Singh, Jasvinder; Singh, Virendra; Slepak, Erica Leigh; Soneji, Samir; Soriano, Joan B.; Soshnikov, Sergey; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.; Stein, Dan J.; Stranges, Saverio; Subart, Michelle L.; Swaminathan, Soumya; Szoeke, Cassandra E. I.; Tefera, Worku Mekonnen; Topor-Madry, Roman; Tran, Bach; Tsilimparis, Nikolaos; Tymeson, Hayley; Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna; Updike, Rachel; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Violante, Francesco Saverio; Vladimirov, Sergey K.; Vlassov, Vasiliy; Vollset, Stein Emil; Vos, Theo; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Wen, Chi-Pan; Werdecker, Andrea; Wilson, Shelley; Wubshet, Mamo; Xiao, Lin; Yakob, Bereket; Yano, Yuichiro; Ye, Penpeng; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Yu, Chuanhua; Zaidi, Zoubida; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Zhang, Anthony Lin; Zipkin, Ben; Murray, Christopher J. L.; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.; Gakidou, Emmanuela (2017-05)
    Background The scale-up of tobacco control, especially after the adoption of the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, is a major public health success story. Nonetheless, smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide, and ...
  • Hedenstierna, L.; Opava, C. H.; Askling, J.; Jiang, X.; Ernestam, S.; Alfredsson, L.; Klareskog, L.; Sævarsdóttir, Sædís (2021-01-12)
    Objectives: To investigate whether low social support or low decision latitude at work correlate with risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and whether and how those factors are associated with known modifiable risk factors for RA. Method: The Swedish ...