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  • Gautason, Fridrik F; Schneiderbauer, Lukas; Sybesma, Watse; Thorlacius, Larus (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-05-01)
    A Page curve for an evaporating black hole in asymptotically flat spacetime is computed by adapting the Quantum Ryu-Takayanagi (QRT) proposal to an analytically solvable semi-classical two-dimensional dilaton gravity theory. The Page time is found to ...
  • Karlsdóttir, Sigfríður Inga (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, 2016-12-15)
    Background: Few studies have focused on women’s expectations and experience of childbirth pain and what predicts a positive childbirth pain experience. Moreover, few studies have explored childbirth pain from a salutogenic perspective and from the ...
  • Arason, Þórður (Oregon State University, 1991)
    In this thesis anomalous downcore shallowing of paleomagnetic inclinations is interpreted to be caused by sediment compaction. Thus, compaction-induced inclination shallowing may influence tectonic reconstructions that are based on inclinations from ...
  • Campbell, Peter J.; Stefansson, Olafur (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-02-05)
    Cancer is driven by genetic change, and the advent of massively parallel sequencing has enabled systematic documentation of this variation at the whole-genome scale1,2,3. Here we report the integrative analysis of 2,658 whole-cancer genomes and their ...
  • Värendh, Maria; Andersson, Morgan; Björnsdóttir, Erla; Arnardottir, Erna Sif; Gislason, Thorarinn; Pack, Allan; Hrubos-Strøm, Harald; Johannisson, Arne; Júlíusson, Sigurður (Wiley, 2018-09-28)
    We hypothesized that positive airway pressure treatment would induce nasal obstruction and decrease nasal cavity due to mucosal swelling. We further hypothesized that subjective and objective nasal obstruction at baseline would negatively affect positive ...
  • Gotz, Markus; Cavallaro, Gabriele; Geraud, Thierry; Book, Matthias; Riedel, Morris (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2018-11-01)
    Component trees are region-based representations that encode the inclusion relationship of the threshold sets of an image. These representations are one of the most promising strategies for the analysis and the interpretation of spatial information ...
  • Stenkewitz, Ute (University of Iceland, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2017-05)
    The parasite fauna of the Icelandic rock ptarmigan Lagopus muta had just been described when engaging in this project in 2010. Purpose was to study the influence that parasites exhibit on ptarmigan population change over a period of 7 years (2006–2012). ...
  • Deksne, Gunita; Davidson, Rebecca K.; Buchmann, Kurt; Kärssin, Age; Kirjušina, Muza; Gavarāne, Inese; Miller, Andrea L.; Pálsdóttir, Guðný Rut; Robertson, Lucy J.; Mørk, Torill; Oksanen, Antti; Palinauskas, Vaidas; Jokelainen, Pikka (Elsevier BV, 2020-08)
    The world is changing, and parasites adapt. The Nordic-Baltic region in northern Europe – including the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, and the Baltic States Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania – is facing new parasitological ...
  • Skirnisson, Karl; Pálsdóttir, Guðný Rut; Eydal, Matthías (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2018)
    Importing dogs into Iceland was prohibited or restricted from 1909 until 1989, when the ban was lifted and importing dogs and cats permitted, with the proviso of an enforced period of quarantine and the requirement of specific medical treatments and ...
  • Kankaanpää, Tuomas; Vesterinen, Eero; Hardwick, Bess; Schmidt, Niels M.; Andersson, Tommi; Aspholm, Paul E.; Barrio, Isabel C.; Beckers, Niklas; Bêty, Joël; Birkemoe, Tone; DeSiervo, Melissa; Drotos, Katherine H. I.; Ehrich, Dorothee; Gilg, Olivier; Gilg, Vladimir; Hein, Nils; Høye, Toke T.; Jakobsen, Kristian M.; Jodouin, Camille; Jorna, Jesse; Kozlov, Mikhail V.; Kresse, Jean‐Claude; Leandri‐Breton, Don‐Jean; Lecomte, Nicolas; Loonen, Maarten; Marr, Philipp; Monckton, Spencer K.; Olsen, Maia; Otis, Josée‐Anne; Pyle, Michelle; Roos, Ruben E.; Raundrup, Katrine; Rozhkova, Daria; Sabard, Brigitte; Sokolov, Aleksandr; Sokolova, Natalia; Solecki, Anna M.; Urbanowicz, Christine; Villeneuve, Catherine; Vyguzova, Evgenya; Zverev, Vitali; Roslin, Tomas (Wiley, 2020-09-11)
    Climatic impacts are especially pronounced in the Arctic, which as a region is warming twice as fast as the rest of the globe. Here, we investigate how mean climatic conditions and rates of climatic change impact parasitoid insect communities in 16 ...
  • Jónsdóttir, Kristín (University of Iceland, 2018-06)
    Þessi rannsókn fjallar um tengsl heimila og grunnskóla og markmið hennar var þríþætt: Í fyrsta lagi að lýsa því sem er einkennandi fyrir samskipti heimila og skóla, samstarf foreldra og kennara, og fyrir þátttöku foreldra í skólastarfi. Í öðru lagi ...
  • Duvander, Ann-Zofie; Lappegård, Trude; Andersen, Synøve N.; Garðarsdóttir, Ólöf; Neyer, Gerda; Viklund, Ida (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, 2019-06-18)
    Background: Demographic theories maintain that family policies that support gender equality may lead to higher fertility levels in postindustrial societies. This phenomenon is often exemplified by the situation in the Nordic countries. These countries ...
  • Knudsen, Gerd Toril Mørkve; Dharmage, Shyamali; Janson, Christer; Abramson, Michael J.; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Malinovschi, Andrei; Skulstad, Svein Magne; Bertelsen, Randi Jacobsen; Real, Francisco Gomez; Schlünssen, Vivi; Jõgi, Nils Oskar; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Holm, Mathias; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith; Forsberg, Bertil; Svanes, Cecilie; Johannessen, Ane (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2020-07-06)
    Emerging evidence suggests that parents’ preconception exposures may influence offspring health. We aimed to investigate maternal and paternal smoking onset in specific time windows in relation to offspring body mass index (BMI) and fat mass index ...
  • Einarsdóttir, Jóhanna; Jónsdóttir, Arna H. (Informa UK Limited, 2017-08-09)
    This study aims to examine the meaning-making of parents in five Icelandic preschools concerning the collaboration between preschools and families. Further, the perspectives of educators on the views of the parents were also sought. The theoretical ...
  • Thordardottir, Björg; Malmgren Fänge, Agneta; Chiatti, Carlos; Ekstam, Lisa (Informa UK Limited, 2018-04-06)
    Housing adaptation aims to enable clients to live independently in their own homes. Studies focusing on participation in everyday life following a housing adaptation are lacking and needed. This study aimed to explore housing adaptation clients’ ...
  • Koo, Bonjun; Na, Jong-Il; Thorsteinsson, Throstur; Cruz, Ana Maria (MDPI AG, 2020-04-18)
    Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, suffers from severe air pollution during the long winter months, and its air pollution levels are among the highest in the world. Residents in the ger areas of Ulaanbaatar are unable to take advantage of the laws ...
  • Welling, Johannes; Olafsdottir, Rannveig; Árnason, Þorvarður; Guðmundsson, Snævarr (International Mountain Society (IMS) and United Nations University, 2019-10-18)
    Glacial mountain environments are changing rapidly as a result of climate change and the expansion of nature-based recreation. Anticipatory planning to adapt to such changes is a key management challenge. The aim of this study was to explore how ...
  • Bruno, Claudia; Pearson, Sallie-Anne; Daniels, Benjamin; Buckley, Nicholas A; Schaffer, Andrea; Zoega, Helga (BMJ, 2020-04-20)
    Background Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use is widespread. There have been increasing concerns about overuse of high-dose PPIs for durations longer than clinically necessary. Objective To evaluate the impact of national education initiatives on reducing ...
  • Sigmundsson, Hermundur; Haga, M.; Hermundsdottir, F. (Elsevier BV, 2020-01)
    In this article, the psychometric properties of a new scale aimed at quantifying passion are explored, i.e. passion related to becoming good or achieving in some area/theme/skill. The Passion Scale was designed to be quantitative, simple to administer, ...
  • Sigmundsson, Hermundur; Clemente, F.M.; Loftesnes, J.M. (Elsevier BV, 2020-12)
    The main aim of the study was to explore the relationship between passion, grit and mindset in a group of football players in Norway. The sample had 63 participants. In three different groups in relation to age and level. Sogndal elite team (N = 25) ...