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  • Konchak, William (Philosophy Documentation Center, 2020)
    This paper explores the Greek conception of theoria, Gadamer’s interpretation of it, and how he applies it to his own hermeneutics. In particular, the transition that Gadamer makes from traditional metaphysical perspectives of theoria in ancient thought ...
  • Elm Heintz, Kasper (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2019-07)
    In the early Universe, most of the cold neutral gas that will later form into individual stars and galaxies is practically invisible to us. These neutral gas reservoirs can, however, be illuminated by bright cosmic lightsources such as gamma-ray bursts ...
  • Dighton, Glen; Roberts, Elystan; Hoon, Alice E.; Dymond, Simon (Akademiai Kiado Zrt., 2018-04-16)
    Background and aims: International evidence indicates elevated problem gambling rates in armed forces veterans compared with the general population. Gambling problems adversely impact one's family, and family-related variables may increase vulnerability ...
  • Hummel, Hans G. K.; Boyle, Elizabeth A.; Einarsdóttir, Sif; Petursdottir, Arna; Graur, Aurel (Informa UK Limited, 2017-11-26)
    Choosing a career is one of the most important decisions that youth has to take but many young people find this a hard issue to engage with. Current career counselling practice does not appear very compelling or motivating to young people. Professional ...
  • Nemnes, G. A.; Mitran, T. L.; Manolescu, Andrei (Hindawi Limited, 2019-05-16)
    The electronic properties of graphene nanoflakes (GNFs) with embedded hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) domains are investigated by combined ab initio density functional theory calculations and machine-learning techniques. The energy gaps of the quasi-0D ...
  • Ghafarian Malamiri, Hamid; Rousta, Iman; Olafsson, Haraldur; Zare, Hadi; Zhang, Hao (MDPI AG, 2018-08-23)
    Land surface temperature (LST) is a basic parameter in energy exchange between the land and the atmosphere, and is frequently used in many sciences such as climatology, hydrology, agriculture, ecology, etc. Time series of satellite LST data have ...
  • Axelsdóttir, Laufey; Halrynjo, Sigtona (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018)
    The under-representation of women in executive management stands in contrast to their educational attainment, and labor market participation in most countries. This paper examines to what degree top-managers in the gender equal states, Iceland and ...
  • Olafsdottir, Katrin (Viðskiptafræðideild og hagfræðideild Háskóla Íslands, viðskiptafræðideild Háskólans í Reykjavík og Seðlabanki Íslands, 2018-06-25)
    While half of undergraduate students in business are women, only one in five full professors in business in the US are female. According to the pipeline theory, this discrepancy should correct itself through time and more women join the ranks of full ...
  • Sigmundsson, Hermundur; Dybfest Eriksen, Adrian; Ofteland, Greta S.; Haga, Monika (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-03-08)
    Literacy is the cornerstone of a primary school education and enables the intellectual and social development of young children. Letter-sound knowledge has been identified as critical for developing proficiency in reading. This study explored the ...
  • Staub, Maya; Rafnsdóttir, Gudbjörg LINDA (SAGE Publications, 2019-11-19)
    This article investigates how doctorate holders in Iceland make sense of time and utilize their own time management as an instrument in their career development and whether gender is a defining factor in this context. The project is based on 32 ...
  • Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2019-04-26)
    The four morphs of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) in Lake Þingvallavatn, Iceland, which differ in many phenotypic traits related to morphology, life history, and feeding ecology, are believed to have evolved locally within the lake after the retreat ...
  • Beck, Samantha V.; Räsänen, Katja; Ahi, Ehsan P.; Kristjánsson, Bjarni K.; Skúlason, Skúli; Jónsson, Zophonías Oddur; Leblanc, Camille (Wiley, 2018-11-26)
    Gene expression during development shapes the phenotypes of individuals. Although embryonic gene expression can have lasting effects on developmental trajectories, few studies consider the role of maternal effects, such as egg size, on gene expression. ...
  • Grozdanov, Sašo; Poovuttikul, Napat (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-04-23)
    We begin the exploration of holographic duals to theories with generalised global (higher-form) symmetries. In particular, we focus on the case of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) in strongly coupled plasmas by constructing and analysing a holographic dual ...
  • Stark, Tobias H.; Silber, Henning; Krosnick, Jon A.; Blom, Annelies G.; Aoyagi, Midori; Belchior, Ana; Bosnjak, Michael; Clement, Sanne Lund; John, Melvin; Jonsdottir, Gudbjorg Andrea; Lawson, Karen; Lynn, Peter; Martinsson, Johan; Shamshiri-Petersen, Ditte; Tvinnereim, Endre; Yu, Ruoh-rong (SAGE Publications, 2018-02-27)
    Questionnaire design is routinely guided by classic experiments on question form, wording, and context conducted decades ago. This article explores whether two question order effects (one due to the norm of evenhandedness and the other due to subtraction ...
  • Cameron, Gemma; Schlund, Michael W.; Dymond, Simon (Frontiers Media SA, 2015-06-18)
    Excessive avoidance behavior, in which an instrumental action prevents an upcoming aversive event, is a defining feature of anxiety disorders. Left unchecked, both fear and avoidance of potentially threatening stimuli may generalize to perceptually ...
  • Nosikov, Igor; Klimenko, Maxim; Zhbankov, Gennady; Podlesnyi, Aleksey; Ivanova, Vera; Bessarab, Pavel (IEEE, 2019-09-09)
    A variant of the direct optimization method for point-to-point ionospheric ray tracing is presented. The method is well suited for applications where the launch direction of the radio wave ray is unknown, but the position of the receiver is specified ...
  • Grozdanov, Sašo; Poovuttikul, Napat (American Physical Society (APS), 2018-05-11)
    In this work, we show how states with conserved numbers of dynamical defects (strings, domain walls, etc.) can be understood as possessing generalized global symmetries even when the microscopic origins of these symmetries are unknown. Using this ...
  • Moldoveanu, Valeriu; Manolescu, Andrei; Gudmundsson, Vidar (MDPI AG, 2019-07-25)
    We recall theoretical studies on transient transport through interacting mesoscopic systems. It is shown that a generalized master equation (GME) written and solved in terms of many-body states provides the suitable formal framework to capture both the ...
  • Liu, Ying; Cheng, Qingsha S.; Koziel, Slawomir (MDPI AG, 2019-07-11)
    In this article, a generalized sequential domain patching (GSDP) method for efficient multi-objective optimization based on electromagnetics (EM) simulation is proposed. The GSDP method allowing fast searching for Pareto fronts for two and three ...
  • Chauhan, Ganesh; Adams, Hieab H.H.; Satizabal, Claudia L.; Bis, Joshua C.; Teumer, Alexander; Sargurupremraj, Muralidharan; Hofer, Edith; Trompet, Stella; Hilal, Saima; Smith, Albert Vernon; Jian, Xueqiu; Malik, Rainer; Traylor, Matthew; Pulit, Sara L.; Amouyel, Philippe; Mazoyer, Bernard; Zhu, Yi-Cheng; Kaffashian, Sara; Schilling, Sabrina; Beecham, Gary W.; Montine, Thomas J.; Schellenberg, Gerard D.; Kjartansson, Olafur; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Knopman, David S.; Griswold, Michael E.; Windham, B. Gwen; Gottesman, Rebecca F.; Mosley, Thomas H.; Schmidt, Reinhold; Saba, Yasaman; Schmidt, Helena; Takeuchi, Fumihiko; Yamaguchi, Shuhei; Nabika, Toru; Kato, Norihiro; Rajan, Kumar B.; Aggarwal, Neelum T.; De Jager, Philip L.; Evans, Denis A.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Rice, Kenneth; Lopez, Oscar L.; Liao, Jiemin; Chen, Christopher; Cheng, Ching-Yu; Wong, Tien Y.; Ikram, Mohammad K.; van der Lee, Sven J.; Amin, Najaf; Chouraki, Vincent; DeStefano, Anita L.; Aparicio, Hugo J.; Romero, Jose R.; Maillard, Pauline; DeCarli, Charles; Wardlaw, Joanna M.; Hernández, Maria del C. Valdés; Luciano, Michelle; Liewald, David; Deary, Ian J.; Starr, John M.; Bastin, Mark E.; Muñoz Maniega, Susana; Slagboom, P. Eline; Beekman, Marian; Deelen, Joris; Uh, Hae-Won; Lemmens, Robin; Brodaty, Henry; Wright, Margaret J.; Ames, David; Boncoraglio, Giorgio B.; Hopewell, Jemma C.; Beecham, Ashley H.; Blanton, Susan H.; Wright, Clinton B.; Sacco, Ralph L.; Wen, Wei; Thalamuthu, Anbupalam; Armstrong, Nicola J.; Chong, Elizabeth; Schofield, Peter R.; Kwok, John B.; van der Grond, Jeroen; Stott, David J.; Ford, Ian; Jukema, J. Wouter; Vernooij, Meike W.; Hofman, Albert; Uitterlinden, André G.; van der Lugt, Aad; Wittfeld, Katharina; Grabe, Hans J.; Hosten, Norbert; von Sarnowski, Bettina; Völker, Uwe; Levi, Christopher; Jimenez-Conde, Jordi; Sharma, Pankaj; Sudlow, Cathie L.M.; Rosand, Jonathan; Woo, Daniel; Cole, John W.; Meschia, James F.; Slowik, Agnieszka; Thijs, Vincent; Lindgren, Arne; Melander, Olle; Grewal, Raji P.; Rundek, Tatjana; Rexrode, Kathy; Rothwell, Peter M.; Arnett, Donna K.; Jern, Christina; Johnson, Julie A.; Benavente, Oscar R.; Wasssertheil-Smoller, Sylvia; Lee, Jin-Moo; Wong, Quenna; Mitchell, Braxton D.; Rich, Stephen S.; McArdle, Patrick F.; Geerlings, Mirjam I.; van der Graaf, Yolanda; de Bakker, Paul I.W.; Asselbergs, Folkert W.; Srikanth, Velandai; Thomson, Russell; McWhirter, Rebekah; Moran, Chris; Callisaya, Michele; Phan, Thanh; Rutten-Jacobs, Loes C.A.; Bevan, Steve; Tzourio, Christophe; Mather, Karen A.; Sachdev, Perminder S.; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Worrall, Bradford B.; Dichgans, Martin; Kittner, Steven J.; Markus, Hugh S.; Ikram, Mohammad A.; Fornage, Myriam; Launer, Lenore J.; Seshadri, Sudha; Longstreth, W.T.; Debette, Stéphanie (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2019-01-29)
    Objective: To explore genetic and lifestyle risk factors of MRI-defined brain infarcts (BI) in large population-based cohorts. Methods We performed meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and examined associations of vascular risk factors ...