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  • Elm Heintz, Kasper (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2019-07)
    In the early Universe, most of the cold neutral gas that will later form into individual stars and galaxies is practically invisible to us. These neutral gas reservoirs can, however, be illuminated by bright cosmic lightsources such as gamma-ray bursts ...
  • Dighton, Glen; Roberts, Elystan; Hoon, Alice E.; Dymond, Simon (Akademiai Kiado Zrt., 2018-04-16)
    Background and aims: International evidence indicates elevated problem gambling rates in armed forces veterans compared with the general population. Gambling problems adversely impact one's family, and family-related variables may increase vulnerability ...
  • Hummel, Hans G. K.; Boyle, Elizabeth A.; Einarsdóttir, Sif; Petursdottir, Arna; Graur, Aurel (Informa UK Limited, 2017-11-26)
    Choosing a career is one of the most important decisions that youth has to take but many young people find this a hard issue to engage with. Current career counselling practice does not appear very compelling or motivating to young people. Professional ...
  • Ghafarian Malamiri, Hamid; Rousta, Iman; Olafsson, Haraldur; Zare, Hadi; Zhang, Hao (MDPI AG, 2018-08-23)
    Land surface temperature (LST) is a basic parameter in energy exchange between the land and the atmosphere, and is frequently used in many sciences such as climatology, hydrology, agriculture, ecology, etc. Time series of satellite LST data have ...
  • Axelsdóttir, Laufey; Halrynjo, Sigtona (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018)
    The under-representation of women in executive management stands in contrast to their educational attainment, and labor market participation in most countries. This paper examines to what degree top-managers in the gender equal states, Iceland and ...
  • Olafsdottir, Katrin (Viðskiptafræðideild og hagfræðideild Háskóla Íslands, viðskiptafræðideild Háskólans í Reykjavík og Seðlabanki Íslands, 2018-06-25)
    While half of undergraduate students in business are women, only one in five full professors in business in the US are female. According to the pipeline theory, this discrepancy should correct itself through time and more women join the ranks of full ...
  • Sigmundsson, Hermundur; Dybfest Eriksen, Adrian; Ofteland, Greta S.; Haga, Monika (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-03-08)
    Literacy is the cornerstone of a primary school education and enables the intellectual and social development of young children. Letter-sound knowledge has been identified as critical for developing proficiency in reading. This study explored the ...
  • Staub, Maya; Rafnsdóttir, Gudbjörg LINDA (SAGE Publications, 2019-11-19)
    This article investigates how doctorate holders in Iceland make sense of time and utilize their own time management as an instrument in their career development and whether gender is a defining factor in this context. The project is based on 32 ...
  • Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2019-04-26)
    The four morphs of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) in Lake Þingvallavatn, Iceland, which differ in many phenotypic traits related to morphology, life history, and feeding ecology, are believed to have evolved locally within the lake after the retreat ...
  • Cameron, Gemma; Schlund, Michael W.; Dymond, Simon (Frontiers Media SA, 2015-06-18)
    Excessive avoidance behavior, in which an instrumental action prevents an upcoming aversive event, is a defining feature of anxiety disorders. Left unchecked, both fear and avoidance of potentially threatening stimuli may generalize to perceptually ...
  • Nosikov, Igor; Klimenko, Maxim; Zhbankov, Gennady; Podlesnyi, Aleksey; Ivanova, Vera; Bessarab, Pavel (IEEE, 2019-09-09)
    A variant of the direct optimization method for point-to-point ionospheric ray tracing is presented. The method is well suited for applications where the launch direction of the radio wave ray is unknown, but the position of the receiver is specified ...
  • Grozdanov, Sašo; Poovuttikul, Napat (American Physical Society (APS), 2018-05-11)
    In this work, we show how states with conserved numbers of dynamical defects (strings, domain walls, etc.) can be understood as possessing generalized global symmetries even when the microscopic origins of these symmetries are unknown. Using this ...
  • Iordache, Paul; (2019-02)
    In Romania, there is a lack of quantitative data associating cancer risk with genetic characteristics. The aim of this thesis is to evaluate genetic risk factors associated with two major cancer types, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer. The first ...
  • Weng, Lu-Chen; Lunetta, Kathryn L.; Müller-Nurasyid, Martina; Smith, Albert Vernon; Thériault, Sébastien; Weeke, Peter E.; Barnard, John; Bis, Joshua C.; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Kleber, Marcus E.; Martinsson, Andreas; Lin, Henry J.; Rienstra, Michiel; Trompet, Stella; Krijthe, Bouwe P.; Dörr, Marcus; Klarin, Derek; Chasman, Daniel I.; Sinner, Moritz F.; Waldenberger, Melanie; Launer, Lenore J.; Harris, Tamara B.; Soliman, Elsayed Z.; Alonso, Alvaro; Paré, Guillaume; Teixeira, Pedro L.; Denny, Joshua C.; Shoemaker, M. Benjamin; Van Wagoner, David R.; Smith, Jonathan D.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Sotoodehnia, Nona; Taylor, Kent D.; Kähönen, Mika; Nikus, Kjell; Delgado, Graciela E.; Melander, Olle; Engström, Gunnar; Yao, Jie; Guo, Xiuqing; Christophersen, Ingrid E.; Ellinor, Patrick T.; Geelhoed, Bastiaan; Verweij, Niek; Macfarlane, Peter; Ford, Ian; Heeringa, Jan; Franco, Oscar H.; Uitterlinden, André G.; Völker, Uwe; Teumer, Alexander; Rose, Lynda M.; Kääb, Stefan; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Arking, Dan E.; Conen, David; Roden, Dan M.; Chung, Mina K.; Heckbert, Susan R.; Benjamin, Emelia J.; Lehtimäki, Terho; März, Winfried; Smith, J. Gustav; Rotter, Jerome I.; van der Harst, Pim; Jukema, J. Wouter; Stricker, Bruno H.; Felix, Stephan B.; Albert, Christine M.; Lubitz, Steven A. (Springer Nature, 2017-09-12)
    It is unclear whether genetic markers interact with risk factors to influence atrial fibrillation (AF) risk. We performed genome-wide interaction analyses between genetic variants and age, sex, hypertension, and body mass index in the AFGen Consortium. ...
  • Eiríksson, Jón Hjalti; Sigurdsson, Agust; Johannesson, Gudmundur H.; Eythorsdottir, Emma (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2019)
    A total of 480,495 test-day yield records of 33,052 cows were used to estimate the genetic parameters for daily milk yield (MY), fat yield (FY), protein yield (PY) and somatic cell score (SCS) of Icelandic dairy cows in the first three lactations with ...
  • Kristjánsdóttir, Guðlaug Þóra (Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2009)
    The interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene encodes a transcription factor that plays an important role in the innate as well as in the cell-mediated immune response. The IRF5 gene has received considerable attention since it was shown to be associated ...
  • McCormack, Mark; Gui, Hongsheng; Ingason, Andrés; Speed, Doug; Wright, Galen E.B.; Zhang, Eunice J.; Secolin, Rodrigo; Yasuda, Clarissa; Kwok, Maxwell; Wolking, Stefan; Becker, Felicitas; Rau, Sarah; Avbersek, Andreja; Heggeli, Kristin; Leu, Costin; Depondt, Chantal; Sills, Graeme J.; Marson, Anthony G.; Auce, Pauls; Brodie, Martin J.; Francis, Ben; Johnson, Michael R.; Koeleman, Bobby P.C.; Striano, Pasquale; Coppola, Antonietta; Zara, Federico; Kunz, Wolfram S.; Sander, Josemir W.; Lerche, Holger; Klein, Karl Martin; Weckhuysen, Sarah; Krenn, Martin; Gudmundsson, Lárus J.; Stefansson, Kari; Krause, Roland; Shear, Neil; Ross, Colin J.D.; Delanty, Norman; Pirmohamed, Munir; Carleton, Bruce C.; Cendes, Fernando; Lopes-Cendes, Iscia; Liao, Wei-ping; O'Brien, Terence J.; Sisodiya, Sanjay M.; Cherny, Stacey; Kwan, Patrick; Baum, Larry; Cavalleri, Gianpiero L. (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2017-12-29)
    Objective To characterize, among European and Han Chinese populations, the genetic predictors of maculopapular exanthema (MPE), a cutaneous adverse drug reaction common to antiepileptic drugs. Methods We conducted a case-control genome-wide association ...
  • Helgadottir, Anna; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Grétarsdóttir, Sólveig; Stefánsson, Ólafur A.; Tragante, Vinicius; Þórólfsdóttir, Rósa B.; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Björnsson, Þorsteinn; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Verweij, Niek; Nielsen, Jonas B.; Zhou, Wei; Folkersen, Lasse; Martinsson, Andreas; Heydarpour, Mahyar; Prakash, Siddharth; Óskarsson, Gylfi; Gudbjartsson, Tomas; Geirsson, Arnar; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Sigurðsson, Emil Lárus; Almgren, Peter; Melander, Olle; Franco-Cereceda, Anders; Hamsten, Anders; Fritsche, Lars; Lin, Maoxuan; Yang, Bo; Hornsby, Whitney; Guo, Dongchuan; Brummett, Chad M.; Abecasis, Gonçalo; Mathis, Michael; Milewicz, Dianna; Body, Simon C.; Eriksson, Per; Willer, Cristen J.; Hveem, Kristian; Newton-Cheh, Christopher; Smith, J. Gustav; Danielsen, Ragnar; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Holm, Hilma; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Nature, 2018-03-07)
    Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the most common valvular heart disease, and valve replacement is the only definitive treatment. Here we report a large genome-wide association (GWA) study of 2,457 Icelandic AS cases and 349,342 controls with a follow-up ...
  • Xu, Song-Song; Gao, Lei; Xie, Xing-Long; Ren, Yan-Ling; Shen, Zhi-Qiang; Wang, Feng; Shen, Min; Eythorsdottir, Emma; Hallsson, Jon; Kiseleva, Tatyana; Kantanen, Juha; Li, Meng-Hua (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-04-10)
    Reproduction is an important trait in sheep breeding as well as in other livestock. However, despite its importance the genetic mechanisms of litter size in domestic sheep (Ovis aries) are still poorly understood. To explore genetic mechanisms underlying ...
  • Teumer, Alexander; Li, Yong; Ghasemi, Sahar; Prins, Bram P.; Wuttke, Matthias; Hermle, Tobias; Giri, Ayush; Sieber, Karsten B.; Qiu, Chengxiang; Kirsten, Holger; Tin, Adrienne; Chu, Audrey Y.; Bansal, Nisha; Feitosa, Mary F.; Wang, Lihua; Chai, Jin-Fang; Cocca, Massimiliano; Fuchsberger, Christian; Gorski, Mathias; Hoppmann, Anselm; Horn, Katrin; Li, Man; Marten, Jonathan; Noce, Damia; Nutile, Teresa; Sedaghat, Sanaz; Sveinbjornsson, Gardar; Tayo, Bamidele O.; van der Most, Peter J.; Xu, Yizhe; Yu, Zhi; Gerstner, Lea; Ärnlöv, Johan; Bakker, Stephan J. L.; Baptista, Daniela; Biggs, Mary L.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Brenner, Hermann; Burkhardt, Ralph; Carroll, Robert J.; Chee, Miao-Li; Chee, Miao-Ling; Chen, Mengmeng; Cheng, Ching-Yu; Cook, James P.; Coresh, Josef; Corre, Tanguy; Danesh, John; de Borst, Martin H.; De Grandi, Alessandro; de Mutsert, Renée; de Vries, Aiko P. J.; Degenhardt, Frauke; Dittrich, Katalin; Divers, Jasmin; Eckardt, Kai-Uwe; Ehret, Georg; Endlich, Karlhans; Felix, Janine F.; Franco, Oscar H.; Franke, Andre; Freedman, Barry I.; Freitag-Wolf, Sandra; Gansevoort, Ron T.; Giedraitis, Vilmantas; Gögele, Martin; Grundner-Culemann, Franziska; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Hamet, Pavel; Harris, Tamara B.; Hicks, Andrew A.; Holm, Hilma; Foo, Valencia Hui Xian; Hwang, Shih-Jen; Ikram, M. Arfan; Ingelsson, Erik; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Jakobsdottir, Johanna; Josyula, Navya Shilpa; Jung, Bettina; Kähönen, Mika; Khor, Chiea-Chuen; Kiess, Wieland; Koenig, Wolfgang; Körner, Antje; Kovacs, Peter; Kramer, Holly; Krämer, Bernhard K.; Kronenberg, Florian; Lange, Leslie A.; Langefeld, Carl D.; Lee, Jeannette Jen-Mai; Lehtimäki, Terho; Lieb, Wolfgang; Lim, Su-Chi; Lind, Lars; Lindgren, Cecilia M.; Liu, Jianjun; Loeffler, Markus; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Mahajan, Anubha; Maranville, Joseph C.; Mascalzoni, Deborah; McMullen, Barbara; Meisinger, Christa; Meitinger, Thomas; Miliku, Kozeta; Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.; Müller-Nurasyid, Martina; Mychaleckyj, Josyf C.; Nauck, Matthias; Nikus, Kjell; Ning, Boting; Noordam, Raymond; Connell, Jeffrey O’; Olafsson, Isleifur; Palmer, Nicholette D.; Peters, Annette; Podgornaia, Anna I.; Ponte, Belen; Poulain, Tanja; Pramstaller, Peter P.; Rabelink, Ton J.; Raffield, Laura M.; Reilly, Dermot F.; Rettig, Rainer; Rheinberger, Myriam; Rice, Kenneth M.; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Runz, Heiko; Ryan, Kathleen A.; Sabanayagam, Charumathi; Saum, Kai-Uwe; Schöttker, Ben; Shaffer, Christian M.; Shi, Yuan; Smith, Albert V.; Strauch, Konstantin; Stumvoll, Michael; Sun, Benjamin B.; Szymczak, Silke; Tai, E-Shyong; Tan, Nicholas Y. Q.; Taylor, Kent D.; Teren, Andrej; Tham, Yih-Chung; Thiery, Joachim; Thio, Chris H. L.; Thomsen, Hauke; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Tönjes, Anke; Tremblay, Johanne; Uitterlinden, André G.; van der Harst, Pim; Verweij, Niek; Vogelezang, Suzanne; Völker, Uwe; Waldenberger, Melanie; Wang, Chaolong; Wilson, Otis D.; Wong, Charlene; Wong, Tien-Yin; Yang, Qiong; Yasuda, Masayuki; Akilesh, Shreeram; Bochud, Murielle; Böger, Carsten A.; Devuyst, Olivier; Edwards, Todd L.; Ho, Kevin; Morris, Andrew P.; Parsa, Afshin; Pendergrass, Sarah A.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Stefansson, Kari; Wilson, James G.; Susztak, Katalin; Snieder, Harold; Heid, Iris M.; Scholz, Markus; Butterworth, Adam S.; Hung, Adriana M.; Pattaro, Cristian; Köttgen, Anna (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-09-11)
    Increased levels of the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) are associated with higher risk of kidney disease progression and cardiovascular events, but underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Here, we conduct trans-ethnic (n = 564,257) ...