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Gambling problems and the impact of family in UK armed forces veterans

Gambling problems and the impact of family in UK armed forces veterans

Title: Gambling problems and the impact of family in UK armed forces veterans
Author: Dighton, Glen
Roberts, Elystan
Hoon, Alice E.
Dymond, Simon   orcid.org/0000-0003-1319-4492
Date: 2018-04-16
Language: English
Scope: 355-365
University/Institute: Háskólinn í Reykjavík
Reykjavik University
School: Viðskiptadeild (HR)
School of Business (RU)
Series: Journal of Behavioral Addictions;7(2)
ISSN: 2062-5871
2063-5303 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1556/2006.7.2018.25
Subject: Gambling; Veterans; Family; Domestic violence; Prevalence; Fjárhættuspil; Herþjónusta; Fjölskyldan; Heimilisofbeldi; Tíðni; Sálfræði; Psychology
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1416

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Dighton, G., Roberts, E., Hoon, A. E., & Dymond, S. (2018). Gambling problems and the impact of family in UK armed forces veterans. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7(2), 355–365. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.25


Background and aims: International evidence indicates elevated problem gambling rates in armed forces veterans compared with the general population. Gambling problems adversely impact one's family, and family-related variables may increase vulnerability to gambling-related harm. Little is known, however, about gambling problems in the United Kingdom (UK) veterans or to what extent family variables, such as parenting history and experience of domestic violence, influence veterans' gambling. Methods: We compared veterans (n = 257) and sex-and agematched controls (n = 514) drawn from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey on gambling, financial management, domestic violence, childhood parental presence, and experience of stressful life events. Veterans who left the military before or after 4 years of service were compared. Results: Problem gambling was significantly more prevalent in veterans (1.4%) than non-veterans (0.2%), and the impact of gambling problems on the family was specific to male veterans, particularly those who had experienced a traumatic event after the age of 16, and those who were more likely to have been physically attacked by their partner. Overall, this study revealed that the UK armed forces veterans report a higher prevalence rate of problem gambling compared with non-veterans, with potential negative impact on family life.


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