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  • Egilsdottir, Hronn (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-02-08)
    Anthropogenic CO2 emissions, which are resulting in ocean acidification and a decrease in the saturation state for calcium carbonate (Ω), are a particular threat to calcifying marine biota. The aim of this thesis is to fill important knowledge gaps ...
  • Arnaldsson, Andri (University of Washington, 2007)
    Harmonic quantum transition state theory (HQTST), sometimes referred to as ’instanton theory’ or ’ImF theory’, has been implemented in an efficient way and tested. HQTST is analogous to the more familiar classical harmonic transition state theory ...
  • Hussain, Javed; Jónsson, Hannes; Skulason, Egill (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2018-04-23)
    CO2 can be reduced electrochemically to form valuable chemicals such as hydrocarbons and alcohols using copper electrodes, whereas the other metal electrodes tested so far mainly form CO or formate, or only the side product, H2. Accurate modeling of ...
  • Ågerstrand, Marlene; Christiansen, Sofie; Hanberg, Annika; Rudén, Christina; Andersson, Lars; Andersen, Sjur; Appelgren, Henrik; Bjørge, Christine; Clausen, Ian Henning; Eide, Dag Markus; Hartmann, Nanna B.; Husøy, Trine; Halldórsson, Halldór Pálmar; van der Hagen, Marianne; Ingre-Khans, Ellen; Lillicrap, Adam David; Beltoft, Vibe Meister; Mörk, Anna-Karin; Murtomaa-Hautala, Mari; Nielsen, Elsa; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín; Palomäki, Jaana; Papponen, Hinni; Reiler, Emilie Marie; Stockmann-Juvala, Helene; Suutari, Tiina; Tyle, Henrik; Beronius, Anna (Wiley, 2018-01-03)
    This is a call for action to scientific journals to introduce reporting requirements for toxicity and ecotoxicity studies. Such reporting requirements will support the use of peer‐reviewed research studies in regulatory decision‐making. Moreover, this ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Smárason, Alexander; Hardardottir, Hildur; Halldorsson, Thorhallur (MDPI AG, 2019-08-11)
    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is predominantly a lifestyle disease, with diet being an important modifiable risk factor. A major obstacle for the prevention in clinical practice is the complexity of assessing diet. In a cohort of 1651 Icelandic ...
  • Macdonald, Jed I.; Logemann, Kai; Krainski, Elias T.; Sigurðsson, Þorsteinn; Beale, Colin M.; Huse, Geir; Hjøllo, Solfrid S.; Marteinsdóttir, Guðrún (Wiley, 2017-09-13)
    Social learning can be fundamental to cohesive group living, and schooling fishes have proven ideal test subjects for recent work in this field. For many species, both demographic factors, and inter‐ (and intra‐) generational information exchange are ...
  • Säynäjoki, Antti; Heinonen, Jukka; Junnila, Seppo; Horvath, Arpad (IOP Publishing, 2017-01-05)
    Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is an established methodology that can provide decision-makers with comprehensive data on the environmental impacts of products and processes during the entire life cycle. However, the literature on building LCAs consists ...
  • Đorđević, Dragana; Tosic, Ivana; Sakan, Sanja; Petrović, Srđan; Đuričić-Milanković, Jelena; Finger, David C.; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla (Frontiers Media SA, 2019-07-03)
    In this work we use chemical fingerprints as characteristics ratios of specific crustal elements Ca/Al, Fe/Al, K/Al, Mg/Al, Mn/Al, Ca/Fe, and Mg/Fe to investigate the long-range transport of volcanic aerosols from Iceland. Volcanic dust enters the ...
  • Ottelin, Juudit; Heinonen, Jukka; Junnila, Seppo (Elsevier BV, 2018-08)
    Sustainable development and climate change mitigation have become guiding policy principles in many welfare states. However, the traditional role of a welfare state is to guarantee the economic stability, jobs and welfare for its citizens. Sustainable ...
  • Sharp, Hannah; Grundius, Josefine; Heinonen, Jukka (MDPI AG, 2016-11-08)
    The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by tourism have been studied from several perspectives, but few studies exist that include all direct and indirect emissions, particularly those from aviation. In this study, an input/output-based hybrid ...
  • Rosenstock, Nicholas; Ellström, Magnus; Oddsdóttir, Edda Sigurdís; Sigurdsson, Bjarni D.; Wallander, Håkan (Elsevier BV, 2019-08)
    Soil warming (0–5.5 °C above controls) effects on ectomycorrhizal growth, carbon sequestration and community composition were examined in a Picea sitchensis forest spanning a geothermal gradient in Iceland. Fungal communities were assayed with sand-filled ...
  • Turk-Adawi, Karam; Supervia, Marta; Lopez-Jimenez, Francisco; Pesah, Ella; Ding, Rongjing; Britto, Raquel R.; Bjarnason-Wehrens, Birna; Derman, Wayne; Abreu, Ana; Babu, Abraham S.; Santos, Claudia Anchique; Jong, Seng Khiong; Cuenza, Lucky; Yeo, Tee Joo; Scantlebury, Dawn; Andersen, Karl; Gonzalez, Graciela; Giga, Vojislav; Vulic, Dusko; Vataman, Eleonora; Cliff, Jacqueline; Kouidi, Evangelia; Yagci, Ilker; Kim, Chul; Benaim, Briseida; Estany, Eduardo Rivas; Fernandez, Rosalia; Radi, Basuni; Gaita, Dan; Simon, Attila; Chen, Ssu-Yuan; Roxburgh, Brendon; Martin, Juan Castillo; Maskhulia, Lela; Burdiat, Gerard; Salmon, Richard; Lomelí, Hermes; Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Sovova, Eliska; Hautala, Arto; Tamuleviciute-Prasciene, Egle; Ambrosetti, Marco; Neubeck, Lis; Asher, Elad; Kemps, Hareld; Eysymontt, Zbigniew; Farsky, Stefan; Hayward, Jo; Prescott, Eva; Dawkes, Susan; Santibanez, Claudio; Zeballos, Cecilia; Pavy, Bruno; Kiessling, Anna; Sarrafzadegan, Nizal; Baer, Carolyn; Thomas, Randal; Hu, Dayi; Grace, Sherry L. (Elsevier BV, 2019-08)
    Background: Despite the epidemic of cardiovascular disease and the benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), availability is known to be insufficient, although this is not quantified. This study ascertained CR availability, volumes and its drivers, and ...
  • Tarsi, Matteo (Félagsvísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2016)
    This article examines the care for the mother tongue in the Middle Ages. The starting point of this discussion is given by a Festschrift article by Sverrir Tómasson (Málvöndun á miðöldum, 1998). In the present article more examples are given of the ...
  • Willow, Jonathan (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2017)
    Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) are pollinators of especially high conservation interest. They have behaviours (pollen-gathering, buzz pollination), morphological structures (branched body hairs well-adapted for retaining pollen), and endothermic capabilities, ...
  • Ísberg, Ólöf Gerður; Kim, Jiyoung; Fridriksdottir, Agla; Morsing, Mikkel; Timmermans-Wielenga, Vera; Rønnov-Jessen, Lone; Petersen, Ole W.; Villadsen, René (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-10-16)
    Human breast cancer is believed to arise in luminal progenitors within the normal breast. A subset of these are double positive (DP) for basal and luminal keratins and localizes to a putative stem cell zone within ducts. We here present a new protocol ...
  • Garðarsdóttir, Hólmfríður (Stofnun Vigdísar Finnbogadóttur í erlendum tungumálum, 2016)
    The article discusses the cultural diversity of the Central American Caribbean region and examines the invisibility of the Central American minority populations, with particular attention to the Costa Rican Caribbean coast. The many different aspects ...
  • Sigurðardóttir, Anna Kristín; Jóhannesson, Ingólfur Ásgeir; Óskarsdóttir, Gunnhildur (University of Aberdeen, 2018-08-11)
    In 2008, new legislation was passed in Iceland on teacher education, requiring a master’s degree as a prerequisite for teaching certification for all school levels from preschools to upper secondary schools. In the same year the Iceland University ...
  • De Pasquale, Massimiliano; Page, Mathew; Kann, David; Oates, Samantha; Schulze, Steve; Zhang, Bing; Cano, Zach; Gendre, Bruce; Malesani, Daniele; Rossi, Andrea; Gehrels, Neil; Troja, Eleonora; Piro, Luigi; Boër, Michel; Stratta, Giulia (MDPI AG, 2017-01-16)
    GRB 130427A was the most luminous gamma-ray burst detected in the last 30 years. With an isotropic energy output of 8.5 x 10(53) erg and redshift of 0.34, it combined very high energetics with a relative proximity to Earth in an unprecedented way. ...
  • Janson, Christer; Johannessen, Ane; Franklin, Karl; Svanes, Cecilie; Schiöler, Linus; Malinovschi, Andrei; Gíslason, Þórarinn; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Schlünssen, Vivi; Jõgi, Rain; Jarvis, Deborah; Lindberg, Eva (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-09-12)
    Background: The aim of this investigation was to study change in adults over a 20 year period in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and disorders and its association to year of birth, life style and sleep related variables. Method: Adults 20-44 ...
  • Šiaudinis, Gintaras; Liaudanskiene, Inga; Slepetiene, Alvyra (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2017)
    An experiment with three perennial energy crops – common mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris L.), cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum L.) and virginia mallow (Sida hermaphrodita Rusby) has been carried out in Lithuania (55°43′N, 21°28′E) in order to evaluate the ...