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Depression, anxiety, and stress from substance-use disorder among family members in Iceland

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Ólafsdóttir, Jóna
dc.contributor.author Hrafnsdóttir, Steinunn
dc.contributor.author Orjasniemi, Tarja
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-05T15:39:19Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-05T15:39:19Z
dc.date.issued 2018-05-29
dc.identifier.citation Ólafsdóttir, J., Hrafnsdóttir, S., & Orjasniemi, T. (2018). Depression, anxiety, and stress from substance-use disorder among family members in Iceland. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 35(3), 165-178. doi:10.1177/1455072518766129
dc.identifier.issn 1455-0725
dc.identifier.issn 1458-6126 (eISSN)
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/873
dc.description.abstract Aims: This research was designed to explore the extent to which the use of alcohol or drugs by one member of a family affects the psychosocial state of other family members. The study asks whether family members of substance abusers are more likely to report increased depression, anxiety and stress then the general population in Iceland? Are there significant differences between family members; e.g., spouses, parents, adult children and siblings by gender, age, education and income? Data and methods: The instrument used for this purpose is the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), which is designed to measure those three related mental states. It was administered to 143 participants (111 women and 32 men) with ages ranging from 19–70 years on the first day of a four-week group therapy programme for relatives of substance use disorder (SUD) at The Icelandic National Centre for Addiction Treatment (SÁÁ) from August 2015 to April 2016. Thirty participants are adult children of a parent with SUD, 47 are a spouse, 56 are parents of a child with SUD and 10 are siblings. The subscales of the DASS for depression, anxiety, and stress were utilised to examine which family member – parent, child, partner, or sibling – presented the behaviour associated with SUD. Results: 36% or more of the respondents in all three subscales had average, serious, or very serious depression, anxiety, and/or stress. This is higher than in DASS studies of the general population in Iceland. However, the analysis indicates that it made little difference to the family’s wellbeing which family member was affected by SUD.
dc.description.sponsorship The University of Iceland Research fund
dc.format.extent 165-178
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher SAGE Publications
dc.relation.ispartofseries Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs;35(3)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Anxiety
dc.subject DASS
dc.subject Depression
dc.subject Families
dc.subject Family group therapy
dc.subject Stress
dc.subject Substance-use disorder
dc.subject SUD
dc.subject Kvíði
dc.subject Þunglyndi
dc.subject Fjölskyldan
dc.subject Fjölskyldumeðferð
dc.subject Streita
dc.subject Fíkn
dc.title Depression, anxiety, and stress from substance-use disorder among family members in Iceland
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/ open-access-at-sage).
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/1455072518766129
dc.contributor.department Félagsráðgjafardeild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Social Work (UI)
dc.contributor.school Félagsvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Social Sciences (UI)

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