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Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by School "School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)"

Browsing Doktorsritgerðir- HÍ by School "School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)"

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  • Saha, Subham (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2017-06)
    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy is routinely used to study the structure and dynamics of nucleic acids, to obtain information about their functions. A prerequisite for most EPR studies of nucleic acids is the incorporation of ...
  • Scully, Sean (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2019-05-31)
    The protein and amino acid metabolism of thermophilic bacteria has been a neglected aspect of their physiology despite its biotechnological potential. Under anaerobic conditions, the metabolism of many proteogenic amino acids requires the presence of ...
  • Rahpeyma, sahar (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2018-11-23)
    A comprehensive site-effect investigation framework was developed and applied to earthquake strong-motion data collected on small-aperture urban arrays, the ICEARRAY I in Hveragerði in the South Iceland Seismic Zone and ICEARRAY II in Húsavík in the ...
  • Reichardt, Uta (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2018-05-04)
    International aviation guidelines suggest complete avoidance of ash-contaminated airspace due to its hazardous impact on aircrafts and jet engines. In 2010, however, the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano memorably demonstrated the limits of this ...
  • Guðjónsdóttir, María Sigríður (2016-01)
    Liquid dominated reservoirs are a common type of hydrothermal reservoirs. They consist of fractured rock and reservoir fluid which may obey Darcy’s law. Steam can form in such reservoirs either through heat input which causes temperature increase or ...
  • Yi, Zhiqian (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2018-11-30)
    Diatoms are a major group of algae in the phytoplankton community and can be found in waters worldwide wherever sufficient nutrients and lights are present. Marine diatoms, such as Phaeodactylum tricornutum, can accumulate high levels of lipids and ...
  • Egilsdottir, Hronn (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-02-08)
    Anthropogenic CO2 emissions, which are resulting in ocean acidification and a decrease in the saturation state for calcium carbonate (Ω), are a particular threat to calcifying marine biota. The aim of this thesis is to fill important knowledge gaps ...
  • Shahnazaryan, Vanik (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2017-10)
    The physics of light-matter interactions is a rapidly developing interdisciplinary research area, combining methods and phenomena both from condensed matter physics and quantum optics. One of the most common realizations of strong coupling regime implies ...
  • Juncu, Daniel (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2018-01)
    Deformation of geothermal reservoirs is a growing topic in the field of crustal deformation research. The deformation behavior of a geothermal resource can give us insight about its sustainability and can help to increase our understanding of reservoir ...
  • Brynjólfsson, Skafti (Norwegian University of Science and Technology; University of Iceland, 2015-09)
    This thesis describes the glacial history, glacier dynamics, sediments and landforms of the Drangajökull ice cap as well as the glacial history and dynamics of the eastern Vestfirðir peninsula in northwest Iceland from the Late Weichselian until present. ...
  • Larranaga, Nicolas (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2016-11)
    Diel activity, the partitioning of time between periods of activity and rest, gives insights into how organisms compete for resources in time. Some species show plasticity in the rate and timing of their activity, which enables to study associations ...
  • Nyamweya, Chrispine (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Physical Sciences, 2017-01)
    Lake Victoria is of immense ecological and socio-economic significance for the riparian communities. However, the lake is faced with human induced pressures such as overfishing, introduction of alien species, increased eutrophication and climate change ...
  • Silva, Teresa Sofia Giesta da (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2018-12-14)
    Krill are an important component of the Icelandic marine ecosystem. Given their important ecological niche, as conveyors of biological production between phytoplankton and higher trophic levels, fluctuations in krill abundance can have large impacts ...
  • Khosa, Rabia Yasmin (2017)
    Silicon is a semiconductor material used in most power devices and the Si metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) is the key switching device for high power applications. Recently silicon carbide (SiC) MOSFETs have emerged on the ...
  • Lévy, Léa (Paris Sciences et Lettres, Laboratoire de Géologie de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure and University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-04)
    The electrical signature of volcanoes is affected by several characteristics of rocks: volume and salinity of pore fluid, abundance of conductive minerals, rock temperature and presence of molten crust (magma). Electromagnetic soundings are widely used ...
  • Mökkönen, Harri (Aalto University, Helsinki;University of Iceland, Reykjavik, 2016)
    A polymer escaping from a confining external potential represents a generic description of long macromolecules crossing an energy barrier. This type of barrier crossing problems are typical in nano- and microscale polymeric systems, where the polymers ...
  • Moreland, William (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-07-14)
    The 10th century Eldgjá flood lava eruption, southern Iceland, was the most voluminous eruption on Earth in the last 1100 years, erupting up to 21.0 km3 of transitional alkali basaltic magma of rather uniform composition. While 19.7 km3 was erupted as ...
  • Přikryl, Jan (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2018-05)
    Fluid-rock interaction is an important process in nature, and in many industrial fields. Fluid-rock interaction can be utilized to sequester industrial gases like CO2 and H2S in porous rocks of geothermal systems. The gases are re-injected, together ...
  • Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2019-04-26)
    The four morphs of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) in Lake Þingvallavatn, Iceland, which differ in many phenotypic traits related to morphology, life history, and feeding ecology, are believed to have evolved locally within the lake after the retreat ...
  • Benediktsdóttir, Ásdís (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2019-06-28)
    Iceland is located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and is the surface exposure of the ridge system on land. The influence of the plume has been shown to reach towards the south at least as far as the Bight Transform Fault. The ridge system in Iceland has ...