Opin vísindi

The Icelandic power structure revisited

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Kristinsson, Gunnar Helgi
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-14T16:46:13Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-14T16:46:13Z
dc.date.issued 2018-05-30
dc.identifier.issn 1670-6803
dc.identifier.issn 1670-679X (eISSN)
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/781
dc.description.abstract Political scientists have developed three main interpretations of the Icelandic power structure – namely, traditional elitism, competitive elitism and professional pluralism. These can be seen to some extent as successive regimes, with traditional elitism prevalent in the nineteenth century, competitive elitism for much of the twentieth century and professional pluralism in more recent decades. However, their relative strength at different times, and the extent to which they still predominate, remains uncertain. This article evaluates how the different models reflect on the position of the political elite over time and how helpful they are in understanding contemporary power structures. Data on the composition of the political elite on one hand, and eight contemporary elite groups on the other are analysed in order to evaluate elite openness, elite selection and network patterns. The results provide support for conventional interpretations, in that competitive elitism replaced traditional elitism in important respects during the twentieth century, but has itself been replaced in many respects by professional pluralism. Accordingly, professional pluralism is characteristic of the contemporary power structure, with relatively open access to elite groups, strong influence of meritocratic and professional criteria and network patterns which are concentrated within, rather than across, spheres of influence. Remnants of traditional elite privilege and competitive elitism, where political parties play a central role, can be found in a number of areas, and professional pluralism has important elitist features.
dc.format.extent 1-34
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Stofnun stjórnsýslufræða og stjórnmála við Háskóla Íslands
dc.relation.ispartofseries Stjórnmál og stjórnsýsla;14(1)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Power structure
dc.subject Elites
dc.subject Iceland
dc.subject Vald
dc.subject Stjórnunarhættir
dc.subject Þjóðfélagsstéttir
dc.title The Icelandic power structure revisited
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Icelandic Review of Politics & Administration
dc.identifier.journal Stjórnmál og stjórnsýsla
dc.identifier.doi 10.13177/irpa.a.2018.14.1.1
dc.contributor.department Stjórnmálafræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Political Science (UI)
dc.contributor.school Félagsvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Social Sciences (UI)

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