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Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Title

Browsing Greinar- HÍ by Title

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  • Peralta, Gabriela P; Marcon, Alessandro; Carsin, Anne-Elie; Abramson, Michael J; Accordini, Simone; Amaral, André FS; Antó, Josep M; Bowatte, Gayan; Burney, Peter; Corsico, Angelo; Demoly, Pascal; Dharmage, Shyamali; Forsberg, Bertil; Fuertes, Elaine; Garcia-Larsen, Vanessa; Gislason, Thorarinn; Gullón, José-Antonio; Heinrich, Joachim; Holm, Mathias; Jarvis, Deborah L; Janson, Christer; Jogi, Rain; Johannessen, Ane; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Rovira, Jesús Martínez-Moratalla; Nowak, Dennis; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Raherison, Chantal; Sánchez-Ramos, José-Luis; Sigsgaard, Torben; Siroux, Valérie; Squillacioti, Giulia; Urrutia, Isabel; Weyler, Joost; Zock, Jan-Paul; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith (BMJ, 2020-02-25)
    Background: Previous studies have reported an association between weight increase and excess lung function decline in young adults followed for short periods. We aimed to estimate lung function trajectories during adulthood from 20-year weight change ...
  • Lønnebotn, Marianne; Svanes, Cecilie; Igland, Jannicke; Franklin, Karl A.; Accordini, Simone; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bentouhami, Hayat; Blanco, José A. G.; Bono, Roberto; Corsico, Angelo; Demoly, Pascal; Dharmage, Shyamali; Dorado Arenas, Sandra; Garcia, Judith; Heinrich, Joachim; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jarvis, Debbie; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús; Nowak, Dennis; Pin, Isabelle; Raherison-Semjen, Chantal; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Skulstad, Svein Magne; Dratva, Julia; Gómez Real, Francisco (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-04-25)
    Life course data on obesity may enrich the quality of epidemiologic studies analysing health consequences of obesity. However, achieving such data may require substantial resources. We investigated the use of body silhouettes in adults as a tool to ...
  • Hugason, Hjalti (Guðfræðistofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2018)
    Í þessari grein verður kannað hvort mögulegt sé að líta á guðfræði Páls Sigurðssonar (1839–1887) eins og hún birtist í Helgidaga-prédikunum hans, sem út komu nokkru eftir dauða hans (1894), sem kontextúal guðfræði. Er þetta gert í framhaldi af grein ...
  • Hugason, Hjalti (Guðfræðistofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2017)
    Í þessari grein og annarri til sem birtast mun í næsta hefti þessarar ritraðar er fjallað um guðfræði Páls Sigurðssonar (1839–1887), einkum eins og hún birtist í Helgidaga-prédikunum hans sem út komu nokkru eftir dauða hans (1894). Markmið greinanna ...
  • Hasan, Shakir; Kulkarni, Nikhil Nitin; Asbjarnarson, Arni; Linhartova, Irena; Osicka, Radim; Sebo, Peter; Gudmundsson, Gudmundur H (American Society for Microbiology, 2017-12-04)
    The airway epithelium restricts the penetration of inhaled pathogens into the underlying tissue and plays a crucial role in the innate immune defense against respiratory infections. The whooping cough agent, Bordetella pertussis, adheres to ciliated ...
  • Guðjohnsen, Ragný Þóra; Ingudóttir, Hrund Þórarins (Menntavísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2020-01-28)
    Mikilvægt er fyrir framtíð lýðræðissamfélaga að hlúa strax í æsku að borgaravitund barna og ungmenna, bæði góðum gildum og þátttöku í samfélaginu. Í þessari tilviksrannsókn var skoðað hvernig borgaravitund tveggja ungmenna endurspeglar uppeldissýn ...
  • Bard, Imre; Gaskell, George; Allansdottir, Agnes; da Cunha, Rui Vieira; Eduard, Peter; Hampel, Juergen; Hildt, Elisabeth; Hofmaier, Christian; Kronberger, Nicole; Laursen, Sheena; Meijknecht, Anna; Nordal, Salvör; Quintanilha, Alexandre; Revuelta, Gema; Saladié, Núria; Sándor, Judit; Santos, Júlio Borlido; Seyringer, Simone; Singh, Ilina; Somsen, Han; Toonders, Winnie; Torgersen, Helge; Torre, Vincent; Varju, Márton; Zwart, Hub (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2018-05-01)
    Neuroenhancement involves the use of neurotechnologies to improve cognitive, affective or behavioural functioning, where these are not judged to be clinically impaired. Questions about enhancement have become one of the key topics of neuroethics over ...
  • Ngeow, Kao Chin; Friedrichsen, Hans J.; Li, Linxin; Zeng, Zhiqiang; Andrews, Sarah; Volpon, Laurent; Brunsdon, Hannah; Berridge, Georgina; Picaud, Sarah; Fischer, Roman; Lisle, Richard; Knapp, Stefan; Filippakopoulos, Panagis; Knowles, Helen; Steingrimsson, Eirikur; Borden, Katherine L. B.; Patton, E. Elizabeth; Goding, Colin R. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018-08-27)
    The close integration of the MAPK, PI3K, and WNT signaling pathways underpins much of development and is deregulated in cancer. In principle, combinatorial posttranslational modification of key lineage-specific transcription factors would be an effective ...
  • Jónsson, Benedikt Atli; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Thorgeirsson, Thorgeir; Ellingsen, Lotta María; Walters, G. Bragi; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Stefansson, Hreinn; Stefansson, Kari; Ulfarsson, Magnus (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-11-27)
    Machine learning algorithms can be trained to estimate age from brain structural MRI. The difference between an individual’s predicted and chronological age, predicted age difference (PAD), is a phenotype of relevance to aging and brain disease. Here, ...
  • Shao, Muhan; Han, Shuo; Carass, Aaron; Li, Xiang; Blitz, Ari M.; Shin, Jaehoon; Prince, Jerry L.; Ellingsen, Lotta María (Elsevier BV, 2019)
    Numerous brain disorders are associated with ventriculomegaly, including both neuro-degenerative diseases and cerebrospinal fluid disorders. Detailed evaluation of the ventricular system is important for these conditions to help understand the pathogenesis ...
  • Ročkutė, Kristina; Minelgaite, Inga; Zailskaitė-Jakštė, Ligita; Damaševičius, Robertas (MDPI AG, 2018-03-05)
    Brand awareness is important for a good market performance of a company. However, research on the contextual preconditions needed for the improvement of brand awareness is limited, particularly in specific service sectors such as employment agencies. ...
  • Magnússon, Björn Jakob; Agnarsson, Uggi; Gudnason, Thorarinn; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur (Læknafélag Íslands / Icelandic Medical Association, 2017-01-05)
    Inngangur: Þótt brátt hjartadrep sé fyrst og fremst sjúkdómur eldra fólks getur það valdið ótímabærum dauða, heilsubresti og skertum lífsgæðum hjá yngra fólki. Árin 1980-1984 voru nýgengi, áhættuþættir, staðsetning hjartadreps, ástand kransæða og ...
  • Arason, Adalgeir; Agnarsson, Bjarni A.; Jóhannesdóttir, Gudrún; Jóhannsson, Óskar Þór; Hilmarsdóttir, Bylgja; Reynisdóttir, Inga; Barkardottir, Rosa Bjork (MDPI AG, 2019-11-01)
    Mutations in BRCA1 result in predisposal to breast and ovarian cancers, but many variants exist with unknown clinical significance (VUS). One is BRCA1 c.4096+3A>G, which affects production of the full-length BRCA1 transcript, while augmenting transcripts ...
  • Óskarsdóttir, Edda; Guðjónsdóttir, Hafdís; Tidwell, Deborah (Informa UK Limited, 2018-12-07)
    This self-study, based on research, conducted over five years, focuses on my leadership role employing an inclusion model of education in a school in Iceland serving students from ages 6 to 16. In this article, we examine how Edda’s practice helped ...
  • Skuladottir, Hafdis; Gunnarsdottir, Thora; Halldorsdottir, Sigridur; Sveinsdóttir, Herdís; Holden, Janean; Bjornsdottir, Amalia (Wiley, 2020-05-29)
    Aim: To explore the lived experience of individuals' in chronic pain of participating in a pain rehabilitation programme in Iceland. Design: Phenomenological research. Method: The Vancouver School of Doing Phenomenology. Eleven participants were ...
  • Þorsteinsson, Rúnar M. (Guðfræðistofnun Háskóla Íslands, 2017)
    Meginviðfangsefni þessarar greinar er að rannsaka bréf Nýja testamentisins í ljósi bréfa-skrifta almennt í hinum grísk-rómverska heimi. Fyrst er gefið yfirlit yfir stöðu slíkra rann-sókna sem og yfir helstu einkenni grískra (og latneskra) bréfa í ...
  • Eriksson, Charli; Arnarsson, Arsaell; Damsgaard, Mogens Trab; Potrebny, Thomas; Suominen, Sakari; Torsheim, Trobjørn; Due, Pernille (Scandinavian University Press / Universitetsforlaget AS, 2019-11-11)
    Adolescence is an important developmental period. Young people face many pressures and challenges, including growing academic expectations, changing social relationships with family and peers, and the physical and emotional changes associated with ...
  • Sigursteinsdóttir, Hjördís; Rafnsdóttir, Gudbjörg LINDA; Jonsdottir, Gudbjorg (MDPI AG, 2020-09-30)
    Research shows that bullying is a significant workplace issue. A previous study showed increased sickness-related absences among municipality employees during the Icelandic economic crisis in 2008. This led to the following research questions: has ...
  • Garmy, Pernilla; Hansson, Erika; Vilhjalmsson, Runar; Kristjánsdóttir, Gudrún (SAGE Publications, 2019-11-10)
    Bullying is defined as repeated and unwanted aggressive behavior involving a power imbalance and hurt children and adolescents’ socioemotional functioning. The aim is to investigate associations between pain (headache, stomach pain, backache, and ...
  • Eydal, Marta; Einarsdóttir, Jóhanna T.; Karlsson, Þorlákur; Úlfsdóttir, Þóra Sæunn (Menntavísindastofnun, Menntavísindasvið, Háskóli Íslands, 2019-09-13)
    Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að skoða áhrif þjálfunar á orðaforða barns á þriðja ári, sem seint var til máls. Einn þátttakandi var í rannsókninni. Við upphaf rannsóknarinnar var hann 30 mánaða, notaði rúmlega 160 orð og var ekki farinn að tengja saman ...