Háskóli Íslands: Recent submissions

  • Welling, Johannes; Árnason, Þorvarður; Olafsdottir, Rannveig (MDPI AG, 2020-07-01)
    Since the end of the 20th century, glaciers are shrinking at an accelerated pace worldwide. This fuels the concern that increased glacier recession will lead to changes in the accessibility, safety, and amenity of many popular glacier tourist ...
  • Welling, Johannes (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2020-10)
    Climate change constitutes one of the most pressing challenges faced by tourism today. Tourism research on climate-induced environmental changes has contributed to an increase in knowledge about adaptation during the last decade. Despite a general ...
  • Magnússon, Magnús S. (Elsevier BV, 2020-12-01)
    This project started in the 1970′s inspired by biological behavior research (Morris, 1967; Tinbergen, 1965) including that of N. Tinbergen, K. Lorenz and K. von Frisch, for which they shared a Nobel Prize in 1973 in Medicine or Physiology, the first ...
  • Lu, Donghao; Song, Jie; Lu, Yi; Fall, Katja; Chen, Xu; Fang, Fang; Landén, Mikael; Hultman, Christina M.; Czene, Kamila; Sullivan, Patrick; Tamimi, Rulla M.; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-09-15)
    An association between schizophrenia and subsequent breast cancer has been suggested; however the risk of schizophrenia following a breast cancer is unknown. Moreover, the driving forces of the link are largely unclear. Here, we report the phenotypic ...
  • Kalaniemi, Salla; Ottelin, Juudit; Heinonen, Jukka; Junnila, Seppo (Elsevier BV, 2020-12)
    Human economic activities and following carbon emissions have been recognized to be a real threat to the environment. The current levels of consumption-based carbon footprints in all developed economies grossly exceed the sustainable level. Scientists ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Hardardottir, Hildur; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (Wiley, 2018-07-23)
    Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is a risk factor for several adverse pregnancy outcomes, including macrosomia. Diet is one of the few modifiable risk factors identified. However, most dietary assessment methods are impractical for use in maternal ...
  • Morino, Costanza; Conway, Susan J.; Balme, Matthew R.; Hillier, John; Jordan, Colm; Saemundsson, Thorsteinn; Argles, Tom (Wiley, 2018-09-20)
    Debris flows are fast-moving gravity flows of poorly sorted rock and soil, mixed and saturated with water. Debris-flow initiation has been studied using empirical and experimental modelling, but the geomorphic changes, indicative of different triggering ...
  • Sigurðsson, Magnús (Háskóli Íslands, Hugvísindasvið, Íslensku- og menningardeild, 2019-09)
    Rannsóknin fjallar um bandaríska ljóðskáldið Emily Dickinson (1830–1886), með áherslu á túlkun og viðtökur ljóða hennar á síðari tímum, bæði erlendis sem og á Íslandi. Ritgerðin er þverfræðileg, á mörkum bókmenntafræði, þýðingafræði og ritlistar. ...
  • Värendh, Maria; Andersson, Morgan; Björnsdóttir, Erla; Arnardottir, Erna Sif; Gislason, Thorarinn; Pack, Allan; Hrubos-Strøm, Harald; Johannisson, Arne; Júlíusson, Sigurður (Wiley, 2018-09-28)
    We hypothesized that positive airway pressure treatment would induce nasal obstruction and decrease nasal cavity due to mucosal swelling. We further hypothesized that subjective and objective nasal obstruction at baseline would negatively affect positive ...
  • Cook, David; Malinauskaite, Laura; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur; Ögmundardóttir, Helga (Elsevier BV, 2020-10)
    There is currently limited knowledge concerning the economic value of commercial whale watching from the perspective of the consumer's trip experience. This study outlines the results of an in-person contingent valuation survey, which asked whale ...
  • Malinauskaite, Laura; Cook, David; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur; Ögmundardóttir, Helga (Elsevier BV, 2021-02)
    The study examines the socio-cultural values of multiple ecosystem services (ES) sourced from whales in Skjálfandi Bay, North Iceland, with many beneficiaries living in and visiting the town of Húsavík. The study begins to address the research gap in ...
  • Magnúsdóttir, Hildur (Háskóli Íslands, 2020-10)
    Variation in morphology of shelled marine gastropods across small spatial scales may reflect restricted population connectivity, resulting in evolutionary or plastic responses to environmental heterogeneity. Species delimitation of shelled gastropods ...
  • Ingason, Arnar; Mechmet, Fatich; Atacho, Diahann; Steingrimsson, Eirikur; Petersen, Petur Henry (Elsevier BV, 2019-01)
    Although mast cell distribution has been described in both human and canine hearts, cardiac mast cells in mice have yet to be categorically localized. We therefore sought to describe mast cell distribution within the mouse heart and characterize their ...
  • Veselaj, Sabit; Torfason, Magnus (World Scientific Pub Co Pte Lt, 2019-01)
    Involving customers in the development of new products and services helps firms understand customer needs, increasing the likelihood of meeting those needs and expectations. Although a large body of literature addresses the implications of customer ...
  • Beck, Samantha V.; Räsänen, Katja; Ahi, Ehsan P.; Kristjánsson, Bjarni K.; Skúlason, Skúli; Jónsson, Zophonías Oddur; Leblanc, Camille (Wiley, 2018-11-26)
    Gene expression during development shapes the phenotypes of individuals. Although embryonic gene expression can have lasting effects on developmental trajectories, few studies consider the role of maternal effects, such as egg size, on gene expression. ...
  • Aspelund, Thor; Grübler, Martin R.; Smith, Albert Vernon; Gudmundsson, Elias Freyr; Keppel, Martin; Cotch, Mary Frances; Harris, Tamara B.; Jorde, Rolf; Grimnes, Guri; Joakimsen, Ragnar; Schirmer, Henrik; Wilsgaard, Tom; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Njølstad, Inger; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; März, Winfried; Kleber, Marcus E.; Tomaschitz, Andreas; Grove-Laugesen, Diana; Rejnmark, Lars; Swart, Karin M. A.; Brouwer, Ingeborg A.; Lips, Paul; Van Schoor, Natasja M.; Sempos, Christopher T.; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramón A.; Škrabáková, Zuzana; Dowling, Kirsten G.; Cashman, Kevin D.; Kiely, Mairead; Pilz, Stefan; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Eiriksdottir, Gudny (MDPI AG, 2019-01-02)
    The aim of this study was to determine if increased mortality associated with low levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) reflects a causal relationship by using a Mendelian randomisation (MR) approach with genetic variants in the vitamin D ...
  • Vesteinsdottir, Edda; Myrdal, Gunnar; Sverrisson, Kristinn Orn; Skarphedinsdottir, Sigurbjorg J.; Gudlaugsson, Olafur; Karason, Sigurbergur (Elsevier BV, 2019-01-01)
    Tuberculosis is a rare cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and mortality rates are high in tuberculosis patients that need treatment with mechanical ventilation. Experience of the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in ...
  • Helgadottir, Helga; Tropea, Teresa; Gizurarson, Sveinbjorn; Meiri, Hamutal; Mandalà, Maurizio (Elsevier BV, 2019-01)
    Objective:Theobjectiveofthisstudywastounderstandtheeffectofacetylsalicylicacid(aspirin)onresistancearteriesfrommesenteryanduterus.Duringpregnancy,the uterine vasculature undergoes consistent growth to provide sufficient uteroplacental blood flow, a ...
  • Otten, Julia; Andersson, Jonas; Ståhl, Jens; Stomby, Andreas; Saleh, Ahmed; Waling, Maria; Ryberg, Mats; Hauksson, Jon; Svensson, Michael; Johansson, Bengt; Olsson, Tommy (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2019-01-22)
    Background The accumulation of myocardial triglycerides and remodeling of the left ventricle are common features in type 2 diabetes mellitus and represent potential risk factors for the development of diastolic and systolic dysfunction. A few studies ...
  • Wei, Zhongwang; Lee, Xuhui; Aemisegger, Franziska; Benetti, Marion; Berkelhammer, Max; Casado, Mathieu; Caylor, Kelly; Christner, Emanuel; Dyroff, Christoph; García, Omaira; González, Yenny; Griffis, Timothy; Kurita, Naoyuki; Liang, Jie; Liang, Mao-Chang; Lin, Guanghui; Noone, David; Gribanov, Konstantin; Munksgaard, Niels C.; Schneider, Matthias; Ritter, François; Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian; Vallet-Coulomb, Christine; Wen, Xuefa; Wright, Jonathon S.; Xiao, Wei; Yoshimura, Kei (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-01-22)
    The isotopic composition of water vapour provides integrated perspectives on the hydrological histories of air masses and has been widely used for tracing physical processes in hydrological and climatic studies. Over the last two decades, the infrared ...