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Status Quo of the Air-Conditioning Market in Europe: Assessment of the Building Stock

Status Quo of the Air-Conditioning Market in Europe: Assessment of the Building Stock


Titill: Status Quo of the Air-Conditioning Market in Europe: Assessment of the Building Stock
Höfundur: Pezzutto, Simon
De Felice, Matteo
Fazeli, Reza   orcid.org/0000-0002-0322-5235
Kranzl, Lukas
Zambotti, Stefano
Útgáfa: 2017-08-23
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 1253
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
Svið: Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
Deild: Líf- og umhverfisvísindadeild (HÍ)
Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences (UI)
Birtist í: Energies;10(9)
ISSN: 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en10091253
Efnisorð: Air-conditioning (AC); Market; Europe; Status quo; Potential; Loftræstikerfi; Loftræsting; Markaðsmál; Orkumál
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/559

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Tilvitnun:

Pezzutto, S., De Felice, M., Fazeli, R., Kranzl, L., & Zambotti, S. (2017). Status Quo of the Air-Conditioning Market in Europe: Assessment of the Building Stock. Energies, 10(9), 12. doi:10.3390/en10091253

Útdráttur:

This study fills in knowledge gaps for the European air-conditioning (AC) market, which is fundamentally important to raising awareness about primary energy utilization. In contrast to space heating (SH) and domestic hot water (DHW) preparation, the European Union (EU) AC market is barely explored in scientific literature. While the focus of previous research has been on the residential sector, a shortfall of data for the services (wholesale and retail, offices, education, health, hotels and bars) exists. In this paper, data describing the actual space cooling (SC) market in Europe (quantity of SC units, equivalent full-load hours, installed capacities, seasonal energy efficiency values as well as cooled floor area per AC type and/or sector) is collected and explored using a bottom-up approach. Results indicate that SC is responsible for a significant portion of EU electricity consumption in households (nearly 5%) and even more in the service sector (~13%). Energy consumption for SC in the EU28 appears to be more than 140 TWh/y. The quantification of the European AC consumption shows a significant difference between the service and residential sectors: about 115 versus 25 TWh/y respectively. The SC market in Europe is characterized by a high potential for growth, especially in households.

Leyfi:

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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