Opin vísindi

Relative vibrotactile spatial acuity of the torso

Relative vibrotactile spatial acuity of the torso

Title: Relative vibrotactile spatial acuity of the torso
Author: Jóhannesson, Ómar I.   orcid.org/0000-0002-5594-4055
Hoffmann, Rebekka
Valgeirsdóttir, Vigdís Vala
Unnthorsson, Runar
Moldoveanu, Alin   orcid.org/0000-0002-1368-7249
Kristjansson, Arni   orcid.org/0000-0003-4168-4886
Date: 2017-08-30
Language: English
Scope: 3505-3515
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Health Sciences (UI)
Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
Department: Sálfræðideild (HÍ)
Faculty of Psychology (UI)
Iðnaðarverkfræði-, vélaverkfræði- og tölvunarfræðideild (HÍ)
Faculty of Industrial Eng., Mechanical Eng. and Computer Science (UI)
Series: Experimental Brain Research;235(11)
ISSN: 0014-4819
1432-1106 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1007/s00221-017-5073-6
Subject: Vibrotactile acuity; Vibrotactile accuracy; Discrimination of vibrotactile stimulation; Sensory substitution; Snertiskyn; Skynjun; Titringur; Þrýstingur
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/494

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Jóhannesson, Ó. I., Hoffmann, R., Valgeirsdóttir, V. V., Unnþórsson, R., Moldoveanu, A., & Kristjánsson, Á. (2017). Relative vibrotactile spatial acuity of the torso. Experimental Brain Research, 235(11), 3505-3515. doi:10.1007/s00221-017-5073-6


While tactile acuity for pressure has been extensively investigated, far less is known about acuity for vibrotactile stimulation. Vibrotactile acuity is important however, as such stimulation is used in many applications, including sensory substitution devices. We tested discrimination of vibrotactile stimulation from eccentric rotating mass motors with in-plane vibration. In 3 experiments, we tested gradually decreasing center-to-center (c/c) distances from 30 mm (experiment 1) to 13 mm (experiment 3). Observers judged whether a second vibrating stimulator (‘tactor’) was to the left or right or in the same place as a first one that came on 250 ms before the onset of the second (with a 50-ms inter-stimulus interval). The results show that while accuracy tends to decrease the closer the tactors are, discrimination accuracy is still well above chance for the smallest distance, which places the threshold for vibrotactile stimulation well below 13 mm, which is lower than recent estimates. The results cast new light on vibrotactile sensitivity and can furthermore be of use in the design of devices that convey information through vibrotactile stimulation.


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