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Economic Recession Affects Gambling Participation But Not Problematic Gambling: Results from a Population-Based Follow-up Study

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Olason, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Hayer, Tobias
dc.contributor.author Meyer, Gerhard
dc.contributor.author Brosowski, Tim
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-24T15:51:58Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-24T15:51:58Z
dc.date.issued 2017-07-25
dc.identifier.citation Olason DT, Hayer T, Meyer G and Brosowski T (2017) Economic Recession Affects Gambling Participation But Not Problematic Gambling: Results from a Population-Based Follow-up Study. Front. Psychol. 8:1247. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01247
dc.identifier.issn 1664-1078
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/356
dc.description.abstract In October 2008, Iceland experienced the fastest and deepest financial crisis recorded in modern times when all three major banks went bankrupt in less than 2 weeks. The purpose of this follow-up study is to examine potential changes in participation in 12 different gambling types and in problem gambling before (time 1; year 2007) and after (time 2; year 2011) the economic collapse in 2008. The time between the first and second wave of data collection was 3.5 years. In total, 1,531 participants took part in the study, 688 males and 843 females. There was a considerable increase in past year gambling behavior from 2007 to 2011, mostly due to increased participation in lotto (National lotto and Viking lotto) but also in bingo, monthly lotteries (class lotteries with at least monthly draw) and scratch tickets. Only EGMs (electronic gaming machines) participation declined significantly between the two timepoints. Examining past year problematic gambling figures revealed that there were no changes in the prevalence figures between the year 2007 (1.2%) and 2011 (1.1%). Further examination revealed that those who reported financial difficulties due to the recession were more likely to buy lotto- or scratch tickets during the recession than those who were not financially affected by the crisis. These findings remained after controlling for background variables and baseline gambling activity (gambling in 2007). Overall, the findings of the follow-up study suggest that when people are experiencing financial difficulties during economic recessions, the possibility to improve their financial situation by winning large jackpots with low initial stakes becomes more enticing.
dc.description.sponsorship This research project received funding from the Icelandic Ministry of the Interior. The authors have full responsibility for all parts of the data collection, examination of the data, and full control over the decision on publication.
dc.format.extent 1247
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Frontiers Media SA
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Psychology;8
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Gambling
dc.subject Problem gambling
dc.subject Prevalence
dc.subject Economic recession
dc.subject Longitudinal study
dc.subject Fjárhættuspil
dc.subject Spilafíkn
dc.subject Efnahagskreppur
dc.subject Bankahrunið 2008
dc.subject Rannsóknir
dc.title Economic Recession Affects Gambling Participation But Not Problematic Gambling: Results from a Population-Based Follow-up Study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Frontiers in Psychology
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01247
dc.relation.url http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01247/full
dc.contributor.department Sálfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Psychology (UI)
dc.contributor.school Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Health Sciences (UI)

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