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The Observer’s Guide to the Gamma-Ray Burst Supernova Connection

The Observer’s Guide to the Gamma-Ray Burst Supernova Connection

Title: The Observer’s Guide to the Gamma-Ray Burst Supernova Connection
Author: Cano, Zach   orcid.org/0000-0001-9509-3825
Wang, Shan-Qin
Dai, Zi-Gao
Wu, Xue-Feng
Date: 2017
Language: English
Scope: 8929054
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
Department: Raunvísindastofnun (HÍ)
Science Institute (UI)
Series: Advances in Astronomy;2017
ISSN: 1687-7969
1687-7977 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1155/2017/8929054
Subject: Astronomy; Astrophysics; Gamma-ray bursts; Stjarneðlisfræði; Gammageislar
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/348

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Zach Cano, Shan-Qin Wang, Zi-Gao Dai, and Xue-Feng Wu, “The Observer’s Guide to the Gamma-Ray Burst Supernova Connection,” Advances in Astronomy, vol. 2017, Article ID 8929054, 41 pages, 2017. doi:10.1155/2017/8929054


We present a detailed report of the connection between long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and their accompanying supernovae (SNe). The discussion presented here places emphasis on how observations, and the modelling of observations, have constrained what we know about GRB-SNe. We discuss their photometric and spectroscopic properties, their role as cosmological probes, including their measured luminosity–decline relationships, and how they can be used to measure the Hubble constant. We present a statistical summary of their bolometric properties and use this to determine the properties of the “average” GRB-SN. We discuss their geometry and consider the various physical processes that are thought to power the luminosity of GRB-SNe and whether differences exist between GRB-SNe and the SNe associated with ultra-long-duration GRBs. We discuss how observations of their environments further constrain the physical properties of their progenitor stars and give a brief overview of the current theoretical paradigms of their central engines. We then present an overview of the radioactively powered transients that have been photometrically associated with short-duration GRBs, and we conclude by discussing what additional research is needed to further our understanding of GRB-SNe, in particular the role of binary-formation channels and the connection of GRB-SNe with superluminous SNe.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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