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Effects of Sex and Fatigue on Biomechanical Measures During the Drop-Jump Task in Children

Effects of Sex and Fatigue on Biomechanical Measures During the Drop-Jump Task in Children

Title: Effects of Sex and Fatigue on Biomechanical Measures During the Drop-Jump Task in Children
Author: Briem, Kristin   orcid.org/0000-0002-0606-991X
Jónsdóttir, Kolbrún Vala
Árnason, Árni   orcid.org/0000-0003-1007-4719
Sveinsson, Thorarinn   orcid.org/0000-0001-8989-5514
Date: 2017-01
Language: English
Scope: 232596711667964
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Health Sciences (UI)
Department: Læknadeild (HÍ)
Faculty of Medicine (UI)
Rannsóknarstofa í hreyfivísindum (HÍ)
Research Centre for Movement Sciences (UI)
Series: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine;5(1)
ISSN: 2325-9671
DOI: 10.1177/2325967116679640
Subject: Knee; ACL; Biomechanics; Pediatric sports medicine; Motion analysis; Injury prevention; Hné; Hreyfingar (lífeðlisfræði); Íþróttameiðsli; Hreyfifærni; Börn
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/301

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Briem, K., Jónsdóttir, K. V., Árnason, Á., & Sveinsson, Þ. (2017). Effects of Sex and Fatigue on Biomechanical Measures During the Drop-Jump Task in Children. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 5(1), 2325967116679640. doi:doi:10.1177/2325967116679640


Background: Female athletes have a higher rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than males from adolescence and into maturity, which is suggested to result from sex-specific changes in dynamic movement patterns with maturation. Few studies have studied movement strategies and response to fatigue in children. Purpose: To evaluate the effect of fatigue on biomechanical variables associated with increased risk for ACL injury during a drop-jump (DJ) performance in children. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: A total of 116 children (mean age, 10.4 years) were recruited from local sports clubs and performed 5 repetitions of a DJ task before and after a fatigue protocol. Kinematic and kinetic data from initial contact (IC) to the first peak vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) were analyzed for both limbs, including limb and fatigue as within-subject factors for analyses between boys and girls. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to identify associations between variables of interest. Results: Girls demonstrated greater peak vGRF values than boys (by 8.1%; P < .05), there were greater peak vGRF values for the right limb than the left (by 6.2%; P < .001), and fatigue led to slightly greater values (P < .05). Although weak, the correlation between peak vGRF values and knee flexion excursion was stronger for girls (r = –0.20) than boys (r = –0.08) (P < .006). Fatigue resulted in greater knee flexion angles at IC and less excursion during landing, more so for girls (by 6.1° vs 1.4°; interaction, P < .001), although the knee flexion moment was generally lowered by fatigue (P < .001). Limb asymmetry in knee flexion moments was more pronounced for boys than for girls (interaction, P < .05), contrary to that seen in frontal plane knee moments, where asymmetry was much greater in girls than boys (interaction, P < .001). Conclusion: Even as young athletes, girls and boys seem to adopt dissimilar movement strategies and are differently affected by fatigue.


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