Opin vísindi

Down to Earth: Geosocialities and Geopolitics

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Pálsson, Gísli
dc.contributor.author Swanson, Heather Anne
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-02T16:01:35Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-02T16:01:35Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Palsson, G., & Swanson, H. A. (2016). Down to Earth: Geosocialities and Geopolitics. Environmental Humanities, 8(2), 149-171. doi:10.1215/22011919-3664202
dc.identifier.issn 2201-1919
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/292
dc.description.abstract “Nature” and “social life” tended to be separated by Enlightenment thinkers, setting the stage for a long-standing tension between geology and social-cultural theory. Such a division suppressed the liveliness that humans have often attributed to material things. Several scholars and artists, many of whom would advocate new materialisms, have attempted to recapture this liveliness. Drawing upon these developments, we use the notion of “geosocialities” (the commingling of the geologic and the social and the sensibilities involved) to facilitate appreciation of the mineral and the alignment between geology and social-cultural theory. While geosocialities overlap with nature-cultures and “biosocialities,” they are “harder” in the sense of drawing attention to geology and its relation to social life. Such a move seems timely, keeping in mind the popular claim that in the Anthropocene, humans have become a geologic force. At the same time, it opens up a down-to-earth form of geopolitics that exceeds classic notions of the term, attending to different geologic scales; to living bodies, human and nonhuman; to solid rock; and to the planet. We develop our argument through engagement with two sites. One concerns the inscription of human activities in volcanic rock, the second the embodiment of isotopes in living beings. These examples raise questions about the multiple scales of geosociality, which intertwine biography and Earth “itself.”
dc.description.sponsorship We acknowledge the financial support of the Aarhus University and the University of Iceland as well as the Norwegian Centre for Advanced Study (CAS), which hosted the research project "Arctic Domestication in the Era of the Anthropocene," led by Marianne Elisabeth Lien, and funded our stay in Oslo during the academic year 2015-16. Also, we thank other colleagues and CAS participants who commented and helped to generate our writing: Marisol de la Cadena, Frida Hastrup, Tim Ingold, Britt Kramvig, Kjersti Larsen, John Law, Andrew Mathews, Knud G. Nustad, Benjamin Orlove, Barbara Prainsack, Hugh Raffles, Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, and Helen Verran. Furthermore, we thank the people whom we interviewed and who helped us track the stories of the roaming volcano (porir Olafsson, Pall Einarsson, and Valdimar K. Jonsson) and geosocial salmon (Rachel Johnson and George Whitman). Finally, we greatly appreciate the careful reading and comments by editor Thom van Dooren, Sverker Sorlin, and two anonymous readers.
dc.format.extent 149-171
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Duke University Press
dc.relation.ispartofseries Environmental Humanities;8(2)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Geosociality
dc.subject Geopolitics
dc.subject Salmon
dc.subject Biomineralization
dc.subject Volcanoes
dc.subject Lava
dc.subject Nature culture
dc.subject Landfræðistjórnmál
dc.subject Lax
dc.subject Eldfjöll
dc.subject Hraun
dc.subject Menning
dc.title Down to Earth: Geosocialities and Geopolitics
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article distributed under the terms of a Creative Commons license (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0).
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Environmental Humanitie
dc.identifier.doi 10.1215/22011919-3664202
dc.relation.url http://environmentalhumanities.dukejournals.org/content/8/2/149
dc.contributor.department Félags- og mannvísindadeild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Social and Human Sciences (UI)
dc.contributor.school Félagsvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Social Sciences (UI)

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