Opin vísindi

A review of statistical tools for morphometric analysis of juvenile pyroclasts

A review of statistical tools for morphometric analysis of juvenile pyroclasts


Title: A review of statistical tools for morphometric analysis of juvenile pyroclasts
Author: Dürig, Tobias   orcid.org/0000-0002-7453-4369
Ross, Pierre-Simon
Dellino, Pierfrancesco
White, James D. L.
Mele, Daniela
Comida, Pier Paolo   orcid.org/0000-0003-3437-8581
Date: 2021-10-30
Language: English
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
Department: Jarðvísindastofnun (HÍ)
Institute of Earth Sciences (UI)
Series: Bulletin of Volcanology;83(11)
ISSN: 0258-8900
1432-0819 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1007/s00445-021-01500-0
Subject: Geochemistry and Petrology; tephra; Volcanology; morphometric analyses; shape analyes; statistical methods; Jarðefnafræði; Eldfjallafræði; Sedimentology; Solid earth geology and petrology
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2709

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Citation:

Dürig, T., Ross, PS., Dellino, P. et al. A review of statistical tools for morphometric analysis of juvenile pyroclasts. Bull Volcanol 83, 79 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-021-01500-0

Abstract:

Morphometric analyses are based on multiparametric datasets that describe quantitatively the shapes of objects. The stochastic nature of fracture-formation processes that break up magma during explosive eruptions yields mixtures of particles that have highly varied shapes. In volcanology morphometric analysis is applied to these mixtures of particles with diverse shapes for two purposes: (1) to fingerprint tephra from individual eruptions and use the fingerprints to distinguish among tephra layers and determine their extents, and (2) to reconstruct eruption processes, by linking particles formed by known fragmentation processes in experiments with particles from natural pyroclastic deposits. Here we review the most commonly adopted statistical techniques for morphometric analysis of pyroclasts. We provide sets of objects with different shapes, along with their morphometric data, in order to demonstrate and illustrate the methods. They can be used not only for addressing the processes of fragmentation during explosive eruptions, but also for the characterization of other types of solid particles with complex morphologies.

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Post-print

Rights:

This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Bulletin of Volcanology.The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-021-01500-0

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