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Participatory Approach to Gap Analysis between Policy and Practice Regarding Air Pollution in Ger Areas of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Koo, Bonjun
dc.contributor.author Na, Jong-Il
dc.contributor.author Thorsteinsson, Throstur
dc.contributor.author Cruz, Ana Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-15T13:24:37Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-15T13:24:37Z
dc.date.issued 2020-04-18
dc.identifier.citation Koo B, Na J-I, Thorsteinsson T, Cruz AM. Participatory Approach to Gap Analysis between Policy and Practice Regarding Air Pollution in Ger Areas of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3309.
dc.identifier.issn 2071-1050
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2382
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, suffers from severe air pollution during the long winter months, and its air pollution levels are among the highest in the world. Residents in the ger areas of Ulaanbaatar are unable to take advantage of the laws and policy regulations to reduce air pollution despite years of efforts to address this issue by international and local organizations including the government of Mongolia (GoM). Important challenges and barriers that have limited the success of various governmental policies that tackle air pollution problems were identified through participatory approaches. In order to do this, personal interviews were conducted with various stakeholders such as officials from central and local governments, government agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), international organizations, and academia. Moreover, a workshop was conducted to elucidate the views of ger area community members in Ulaanbaatar. Based on the results of these interviews and workshop, the gaps between the policy approaches of the government, the actual conditions, and the desired situations of the residents to improve air quality in Ulaanbaatar were analyzed. The large gaps that were identified between the national and local perspectives on air pollution issues demonstrated that the reduction of air pollution in Ulaanbaatar requires solving fundamental and complex problems based on a better understanding of the specific conditions and needs of the residents of the ger areas. Moreover, active participation and discussion of the residents at the workshop indicated that community-based approaches could be applied in the cultural context of Mongolia with promising results in finding solutions.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the NationalResearch Foundation of Korea (NRF-2017S1A5B8059946). This research was funded by the National ResearchFoundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government.
dc.format.extent 3309
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher MDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries Sustainability;12(8)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Air pollution
dc.subject Participatory approach
dc.subject Participatory workshop
dc.subject Sustainable local decision-making
dc.subject Loftmengun
dc.subject Ákvarðanataka
dc.subject Stefnumótun
dc.subject Sjálfbærni
dc.title Participatory Approach to Gap Analysis between Policy and Practice Regarding Air Pollution in Ger Areas of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Sustainability (Switzerland)
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/SU12083309
dc.relation.url https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/8/3309/pdf
dc.contributor.department Umhverfis- og auðlindafræði (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Environment and Natural Resources (UI)
dc.contributor.school Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)

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