Opin vísindi

Conceptualizing community in disaster risk management

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Räsänen, Aleksi
dc.contributor.author Lein, Haakon
dc.contributor.author Bird, Deanne
dc.contributor.author Setten, Gunhild
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-14T09:46:49Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-14T09:46:49Z
dc.date.issued 2020-05
dc.identifier.citation Räsänen, A., et al. (2020). "Conceptualizing community in disaster risk management." International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 45: 101485.
dc.identifier.issn 2212-4209
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2364
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract Community resilience is often assessed in disaster risk management (DRM) research and it has been argued that it should be strengthened for more robust DRM. However, the term community is seldom precisely defined and it can be understood in many ways. We argue that it is crucial to explore the concept of community within the context of DRM in more detail. We identify three dominating views of conceptualizing community (place-based community, interaction-based community, community of practice and interest), and discuss the relevance of these conceptualizations. We base this discussion on quantitative and qualitative empirical and policy document data regarding flood and storm risk management in Finland, wildfire risk management in Norway and volcanic risk management Iceland. According to our results, all three conceptualizations of community are visible but in differing situations. Our results emphasize the strong role of public sector in DRM in the studied countries. In disaster preparedness and response, a professionalized community of practice and interest appear to be the most prominent within all three countries. The interaction-based community of informal social networks is of less relevance, although its role is more visible in disaster response and recovery. The place-based (local) community is visible in some of the policy documents, but otherwise its role is rather limited. Finally, we argue that the measured resilience of a community depends on how the community is conceptualized and operationalized, and that the measures to strengthen resilience of a particular community should be different depending on what the focal community is.
dc.description.sponsorship This article is a deliverable of the Nordic Centre of Excellence for Resilience and Societal Security (NORDRESS), which is funded by the Nordic Societal Security Programme. We also acknowledge the support of Grant 235490 , funded by the KLIMAFORSK program at the Research Council of Norway .
dc.format.extent 101485
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction;45
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Community of practice
dc.subject Community resilience
dc.subject Local community
dc.subject Mixed methods
dc.subject Natural hazard
dc.subject Social networks
dc.subject Áhættustjórnun
dc.subject Náttúruhamfarir
dc.subject Samfélag
dc.subject Tengslanet
dc.title Conceptualizing community in disaster risk management
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101485
dc.relation.url https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212420919314037?via%3Dihub
dc.contributor.department Líf- og umhverfisvísindadeild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences (UI)
dc.contributor.school Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)

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