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Training Schedule and Sleep in Adolescent Swimmers

Training Schedule and Sleep in Adolescent Swimmers

Title: Training Schedule and Sleep in Adolescent Swimmers
Author: Gudmundsdottir, Sigridur Lara   orcid.org/0000-0002-6189-5894
Date: 2020-02-01
Language: English
Scope: 16-22
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Menntavísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Education (UI)
Department: Rannsóknarstofa í íþrótta- og heilsufræði (HÍ)
Research Centre for Sport and Health Sciences (UI)
Series: Pediatric Exercise Science;32(1)
ISSN: 0899-8493
1543-2920 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1123/pes.2019-0067
Subject: Early morning training; Intraindividual variability; Swimming; Íþróttafólk; Afreksíþróttir; Sundíþróttir; Svefn; Svefnvenjur; Svefnleysi
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2351

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Sigridur, L. G. (2020). Training Schedule and Sleep in Adolescent Swimmers. Pediatric Exercise Science, 32(1), 16-22. doi:10.1123/pes.2019-0067 10.1123/pes.2019-0067


Insufficient sleep duration may affect athletic performance and health. Inconsistent sleep pattern also has negative health effects, but studies on athletes’ intraindividual sleep variability are scarce. The aim of this research was to compare total sleep time (TST) and variability (TST-variability), wakening after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency, during nights preceding early morning practices with other nights, and to investigate sleep characteristics of nights following a day with early morning only, evening only, or both a morning and an evening session in adolescent swimmers. Methods: Wrist-worn accelerometers were used to measure 1 week of sleep in 108 swimmers (mean age 16.1 [2.6] y) in Iceland. Adjusted regression analyses and linear mixed models were used to explore associations of training schedules with TST, TST-variability, wakening after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency. Results: Mean TST was 6:32 (h:min) (±39 min) and TST-variability was 63 minutes (±25 min). TST decreased and TST-variability increased with more early morning practices. TST preceding early training was 5:36 and 5:06 in <16- and ≥16-year-olds, respectively, shorter than on nights preceding later or no morning training (P < .001). Conclusion: Swimmers have extremely short TST preceding early morning sessions and increased TST-variability with more early morning sessions.


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