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Presence of eimerid oocysts in faeces of a quarantined dog in Iceland is explained by coprophagic behaviour prior to its importation. Case report

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Skirnisson, Karl
dc.contributor.author Duszynski, Donald W.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-22T11:22:47Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-22T11:22:47Z
dc.date.issued 2020-06-15
dc.identifier.citation Skírnisson, K., Duszynski, D.W. Presence of eimerid oocysts in faeces of a quarantined dog in Iceland is explained by coprophagic behaviour prior to its importation. Case report. BMC Veterinary Research 16, 195 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02401-8
dc.identifier.issn 1746-6148
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2321
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract Background: All dogs imported into Iceland must undergo mandatory quarantine in a special station before introduction into the country. A faecal sample is collected from the first stool passed by the dog in this station and subsequently examined for the presence of intestinal parasite stages. Case presentation: In May 2019 unsporulated oocysts were detected in faeces from a 7-year-old household dog that had been imported from Sweden. Most of the oocysts studied strongly resembled those of Eimeria canis Wenyon, 1923. As this species is not valid, the purpose of the present article was to identify the correct species and examine their possible origin. Studies confirmed the presence of two distinct unsporulated oocyst morphotypes in the faeces; measurements and photomicrographs confirmed their identification as Eimeria magna Pérard, 1925 and Eimeria stiedai (Lindemann, 1865) Kisskalt and Hartmann, 1907, both common parasites of European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus (L., 1758). When the owner of the dog was questioned about the food administrated to the dog prior to its import to Iceland, it turned out that it had exclusively been fed dry dog food pellets. However, the owner also reported that on the morning prior to transportation to Iceland, the dog was allowed to move freely in a grassland area where rabbits are common and heaps of their faeces are present. Furthermore, the owner confirmed that the dog consumed rabbit faeces that morning. Conclusion: It is believed that this coprophagic behaviour can explain the detection of rabbit eimerids in the dog's faeces, and that such behaviour must be taken into consideration by veterinarians and other diagnostic personnel when they detect atypical cysts or eggs during coprological examinations.
dc.description.sponsorship No funding was received.
dc.format.extent 195
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Springer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMC Veterinary Research;16(1)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Case report
dc.subject Coprophagic behaviour
dc.subject Dog
dc.subject Eimeria canis
dc.subject Eimeria magna
dc.subject Eimeria stiedai
dc.subject Rabbit
dc.subject Hundar
dc.subject Sníklar
dc.title Presence of eimerid oocysts in faeces of a quarantined dog in Iceland is explained by coprophagic behaviour prior to its importation. Case report
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal BMC Veterinary Research
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/s12917-020-02401-8
dc.relation.url https://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12917-020-02401-8
dc.contributor.department Tilraunastöð í meinafræði að Keldum (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Institute for Experimental Pathology at Keldur (UI)

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