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Holocene glacial history of Svalbard: Status, perspectives and challenges

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Farnsworth, Wesley
dc.contributor.author Allaart, Lis
dc.contributor.author Ingolfsson, Olafur
dc.contributor.author Alexanderson, Helena
dc.contributor.author Forwick, Matthias
dc.contributor.author Noormets, Riko
dc.contributor.author Retelle, Michael
dc.contributor.author Schomacker, Anders
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-18T14:37:08Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-18T14:37:08Z
dc.date.issued 2020-09
dc.identifier.citation Farnsworth, W. R., et al. (2020). "Holocene glacial history of Svalbard: Status, perspectives and challenges." Earth-Science Reviews 208: 103249.
dc.identifier.issn 0012-8252
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2215
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract We synthesize the current understanding of glacier activity on Svalbard from the end of the Late Pleistocene (12,000 yrs. before present) to the end of the Little Ice Age (c. 1920 AD). Our glacier history is derived from the SVALHOLA database, the first compilation of Holocene geochronology for Svalbard and the surrounding waters, including over 1,800 radiocarbon, terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide and optically stimulated luminescence ages. Data have been categorized by geological setting, uniformly (re-)calibrated, quality assessed and ultimately used to constrain glacier fluctuations (deglaciation, ice free conditions, glacier re-advances and ice marginal positions). We advance existing knowledge by mapping the extent and distribution of ice-cover during the Holocene glacial maximum and the glacial minimum, as well as present retreat rates (and percentages) within Early Holocene fjord-systems. Throughout the Holocene, Svalbard glaciers have responded to a varying combination of climatic, environmental and dynamic driving factors which influence both the extent and behavior of ice margins. We discuss the complexities of glacier systems and their dynamics in response to changes in climate. This review provides a holistic state of the art of Holocene glaciers on Svalbard, suitable for orienting future works which address gaps in our current knowledge.
dc.description.sponsorship Fianancial support has been provided by the Svalbard Environmental Protection Fund (16/35; to WRF), the Carlsberg Foundation (CF14-0756 to AS), The University Center in Svalbard (UNIS) (research grant to ÓI), and Arctic Research and Studies funded by the Ministries for Foreign Affairs of Norway and Iceland (2017-ARS-79772 to AS & WRF). We are grateful for extensive support from the UNIS Library (Berit Jakobsen and Catherine Fjeldstad). Constructive comments from and discussions with Skafti Brynjólfsson, Kelly Hogan, Anna L.C. Hughes, Sofia Kjellman, Nicolaj K. Larsen and Anne Sofie Søndergaard have improved this manuscript. We are also thankful for anonymous reviews as well as constructive comments from Managing Editor, Professor Negri.
dc.format.extent 103249
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Earth-Science Reviews;208
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Climate
dc.subject Glaciers
dc.subject Holocene
dc.subject Little Ice Age
dc.subject Neoglacial
dc.subject Spitsbergen
dc.subject Loftslag
dc.subject Jöklar
dc.subject Nýlífsöld
dc.subject Svalbarði
dc.title Holocene glacial history of Svalbard: Status, perspectives and challenges
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Earth-Science Reviews
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103249
dc.relation.url https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012825220302956?via%3Dihub
dc.contributor.department Jarðvísindastofnun (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Institute of Earth Sciences (UI)
dc.contributor.school Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)

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