Opin vísindi

‘Tiny Iceland’ preparing for Ebola in a globalized world

Show simple item record

dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Gunnlaugsson, Geir
dc.contributor.author Hauksdóttir, Íris
dc.contributor.author Bygbjerg, Ib
dc.contributor.author Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl
dc.date.accessioned 2020-09-30T13:49:52Z
dc.date.available 2020-09-30T13:49:52Z
dc.date.issued 2019-05-07
dc.identifier.citation Geir Gunnlaugsson, Íris Eva Hauksdóttir, Ib Christian Bygbjerg & Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl (2019) ‘Tiny Iceland’ preparing for Ebola in a globalized world, Global Health Action, 12:1, DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2019.1597451
dc.identifier.issn 1654-9716
dc.identifier.issn 1654-9880 (eISSN)
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2085
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract Background: The Ebola epidemic in West Africa caused global fear and stirred up worldwide preparedness activities in countries sharing borders with those affected, and in geographically far-away countries such as Iceland. Objective: To describe and analyse Ebola preparedness activities within the Icelandic healthcare system, and to explore the perspectives and experiences of managers and frontline health workers. Methods: A qualitative case study, based on semi-structured interviews with 21 staff members in the national Ebola Treatment Team, Emergency Room at Landspitali University Hospital, and managers of the response team. Results: Contextual factors such as culture and demography influenced preparedness, and contributed to the positive state of mind of participants, and ingenuity in using available resources for preparedness. While participants believed they were ready to take on the task of Ebola, they also had doubts about the chances of Ebola ever reaching Iceland. Yet, factors such as fear of Ebola and the perceived stigma associated with caring for a potentially infected Ebola patient, influenced the preparation process and resulted in plans for specific precautions by staff to secure the safety of their families. There were also concerns about the teamwork and lack of commitment by some during training. Being a ‘tiny’ nation was seen as both an asset and a weakness in the preparation process. Honest information sharing and scenario-based training contributed to increased confidence amongst participants in the response plans. Conclusions: Communication and training were important for preparedness of health staff in Iceland, in order to receive, admit, and treat a patient suspected of having Ebola, while doubts prevailed on staff capacity to properly do so. For optimal preparedness, likely scenarios for future global security health threats need to be repeatedly enacted, and areas plagued by poverty and fragile healthcare systems require global support.
dc.description.sponsorship We are grateful to participating institutions for giving permission to conduct the study, but not the least, to the participants who contributed with their time and experience.
dc.format.extent 1597451
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Informa UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartofseries Global Health Action;12(1)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Communicable diseases
dc.subject Emergency responders
dc.subject Emerging
dc.subject Fear
dc.subject Global health
dc.subject Prevention and control
dc.subject Public policy
dc.subject Qualitative evaluation
dc.subject Farsóttir
dc.subject Faraldsfræði
dc.subject Heilbrigðismál
dc.subject Stefnumótun
dc.subject Sóttvarnir
dc.subject Eigindlegar rannsóknir
dc.title ‘Tiny Iceland’ preparing for Ebola in a globalized world
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Global Health Action
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/16549716.2019.1597451
dc.relation.url https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/16549716.2019.1597451
dc.contributor.department Félagsfræði-, mannfræði- og þjóðfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Sociology, Anthropology and Folkloristics (UI)
dc.contributor.school Félagsvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Social Sciences (UI)

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record