Opin vísindi

The Geographical Distribution and Correlates of Pro-Environmental Attitudes and Behaviors in an Urban Region

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Árnadóttir, Áróra
dc.contributor.author Czepkiewicz, Michał
dc.contributor.author Heinonen, Jukka
dc.date.accessioned 2020-09-11T14:18:51Z
dc.date.available 2020-09-11T14:18:51Z
dc.date.issued 2019-04-24
dc.identifier.citation Árnadóttir, Á.; Czepkiewicz, M.; Heinonen, J. The Geographical Distribution and Correlates of Pro-Environmental Attitudes and Behaviors in an Urban Region. Energies 2019, 12, 1540.
dc.identifier.issn 1996-1073
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2063
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract A lot of emphasis has been put on the densification of urban form to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transportation. However, many recent studies have found that central urban dwellers, even though their carbon footprints of daily transportation may be lower, might be responsible for higher total emissions than those that reside in suburban areas. Similarly, as with the urban form, higher environmental concern is often considered as an indicator of lower emissions, but several studies have found that pro-environmental attitude (PEA) does not always correlate with less energy intensive behavior. This study analyzes how urban zones, PEA, and several sociodemographic variables are associated with annual travel emissions and pro-environmental behaviors (PEB), using a dataset collected with a map-based online survey (softGIS) survey, contributed by 841 participants from the Helsinki Metropolitan Area (HMA), Finland. Although PEA can affect PEBs related to household energy consumption (β = 0.282, p < 0.001), clothing (β = 0.447, p < 0.001) and produce purchases (β = 0.449, p < 0.0001), their relationship with emissions from local (β = -0.067), national (β = -0.019) and international (β = -0.016) travel was not significant. Clusters of low emissions from local travel and high international travel emissions were found in pedestrian-oriented urban zones and residents of car-oriented zones were more likely to conserve household energy (β = 0.102, p < 0.05). These results might help broaden the current perspective of city planners, as well as identify opportunities for more effective mitigation policies.
dc.description.sponsorship Funding: This research was funded by the Icelandic National Planning Agency, the Icelandic Road Administration and the University of Iceland.
dc.format.extent 1540
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher MDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries Energies;12(8)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Greenhouse gases
dc.subject International travel
dc.subject Local travel
dc.subject National travel
dc.subject Pro-environmental attitude
dc.subject Pro-environmental behavior
dc.subject Urban zones
dc.subject Gróðurhúsalofttegundir
dc.subject Ferðavenjur
dc.subject Umhverfisvernd
dc.subject Viðhorf
dc.title The Geographical Distribution and Correlates of Pro-Environmental Attitudes and Behaviors in an Urban Region
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Energies
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/en12081540
dc.relation.url https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/12/8/1540/pdf
dc.contributor.department Umhverfis- og byggingarverkfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering (UI)
dc.contributor.school Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)

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