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A polygenic resilience score moderates the genetic risk for schizophrenia

A polygenic resilience score moderates the genetic risk for schizophrenia


Title: A polygenic resilience score moderates the genetic risk for schizophrenia
Author: Hess, Jonathan L.
Sigurdsson, Engilbert   orcid.org/0000-0001-9404-7982
Stefansson, Hreinn   orcid.org/0000-0002-9331-6666
Stefansson, Kari   orcid.org/0000-0003-1676-864X
Date: 2019-09-06
Language: English
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Health Sciences (UI)
Department: Læknadeild (HÍ)
Faculty of Medicine (UI)
Series: Molecular Psychiatry;2019
ISSN: 1359-4184
1476-5578 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1038/s41380-019-0463-8
Subject: Mendelian disease; Schizophrenia; Genetics; Geðklofi; Erfðarannsóknir
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1898

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Citation:

Hess, J.L., Tylee, D.S., Mattheisen, M. et al. A polygenic resilience score moderates the genetic risk for schizophrenia. Molecular Psychiatry (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-019-0463-8

Abstract:

Based on the discovery by the Resilience Project (Chen R. et al. Nat Biotechnol 34:531–538, 2016) of rare variants that confer resistance to Mendelian disease, and protective alleles for some complex diseases, we posited the existence of genetic variants that promote resilience to highly heritable polygenic disorders1,0 such as schizophrenia. Resilience has been traditionally viewed as a psychological construct, although our use of the term resilience refers to a different construct that directly relates to the Resilience Project, namely: heritable variation that promotes resistance to disease by reducing the penetrance of risk loci, wherein resilience and risk loci operate orthogonal to one another. In this study, we established a procedure to identify unaffected individuals with relatively high polygenic risk for schizophrenia, and contrasted them with risk-matched schizophrenia cases to generate the first known “polygenic resilience score” that represents the additive contributions to SZ resistance by variants that are distinct from risk loci. The resilience score was derived from data compiled by the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, and replicated in three independent samples. This work establishes a generalizable framework for finding resilience variants for any complex, heritable disorder.

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Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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