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Body Image Concern and Eating Disorder Symptoms Among Elite Icelandic Athletes

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dc.contributor Háskólinn í Reykjavík
dc.contributor Reykjavik University
dc.contributor.author Kristjansdottir, Hafrún
dc.contributor.author Sigurðardóttir, Petra
dc.contributor.author Jónsdóttir, Sigurlaug
dc.contributor.author Þorsteinsdóttir, Guðlaug
dc.contributor.author Saavedra, Jose
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-30T10:10:27Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-30T10:10:27Z
dc.date.issued 2019-07-31
dc.identifier.citation Kristjansdottir, H., Sigurdardottir, P., Jonsdottir, S., Thorsteinsdottir, G., & Saavedra, J. (2019). Body Image Concern and Eating Disorder Symptoms Among Elite Icelandic Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(15), 2728. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152728
dc.identifier.issn 1661-7827
dc.identifier.issn 1660-4601 (eISSN)
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1759
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to analyse body image concerns and symptoms of eating disorders in elite Icelandic athletes according to their sex, and sport practiced. The participants were 755 athletes (24.8 +/- 3.5 years in age) who compete at the highest possible level in Iceland. Representing 20 different sports, they were divided into five sports groups. Three questionnaires were used: the Body Shape Questionnaire to assess body image concerns; the Bulimia Test-Revised to assess the main symptoms of bulimia; and the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire to identify disordered eating attitudes and behaviours. A chi-squared test was used to analyse differences in prevalence of body image concern and eating disorders, a t-test for the differences between men and women, and a one-way ANOVA to compare the different sports. The main findings were that 17.9% of the athletes presented severe or moderate body image dissatisfaction, and 18.2% (25.3% of the women) were above the clinical cutoff for body image concern. Women's scores were higher than men's (whole sample and ball games) in all variables except restraint. These results seem to point to the existence of a real problem that athlete, coaches, doctors, and institutions need to take into account.
dc.format.extent 2728
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher MDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;16(15)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Anorexia
dc.subject Bulimia
dc.subject Health
dc.subject Performance
dc.subject Sports
dc.subject Body image
dc.subject Athletes
dc.subject Sex differences (Psychology)
dc.subject Lystarstol
dc.subject Lotugræðgi
dc.subject Lýðheilsa
dc.subject Velgengni
dc.subject Íþróttir
dc.subject Líkamsímynd
dc.subject Íþróttafólk
dc.subject Kynjamunur
dc.title Body Image Concern and Eating Disorder Symptoms Among Elite Icelandic Athletes
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.description.version "Peer Reviewed"
dc.identifier.journal International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/ijerph16152728
dc.relation.url https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/15/2728/pdf
dc.contributor.department Íþróttafræði (HR)
dc.contributor.department Sport Science (RU)
dc.contributor.department Sálfræði (HR)
dc.contributor.department Psychology (RU)
dc.contributor.school Tækni- og verkfræðideild (HR)
dc.contributor.school School of Science and Engineering (RU)
dc.contributor.school Viðskiptadeild (HR)
dc.contributor.school School of Business (RU)


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