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Body Image Concern and Eating Disorder Symptoms Among Elite Icelandic Athletes

Body Image Concern and Eating Disorder Symptoms Among Elite Icelandic Athletes


Title: Body Image Concern and Eating Disorder Symptoms Among Elite Icelandic Athletes
Author: Kristjansdottir, Hafrún   orcid.org/0000-0003-0130-9344
Sigurðardóttir, Petra
Jónsdóttir, Sigurlaug
Þorsteinsdóttir, Guðlaug
Saavedra, Jose
Date: 2019-07-31
Language: English
Scope: 2728
University/Institute: Háskólinn í Reykjavík
Reykjavik University
School: Tækni- og verkfræðideild (HR)
School of Science and Engineering (RU)
Viðskiptadeild (HR)
School of Business (RU)
Department: Íþróttafræði (HR)
Sport Science (RU)
Sálfræði (HR)
Psychology (RU)
Series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;16(15)
ISSN: 1661-7827
1660-4601 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16152728
Subject: Anorexia; Bulimia; Health; Performance; Sports; Body image; Athletes; Sex differences (Psychology); Lystarstol; Lotugræðgi; Lýðheilsa; Velgengni; Íþróttir; Líkamsímynd; Íþróttafólk; Kynjamunur
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1759

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Citation:

Kristjansdottir, H., Sigurdardottir, P., Jonsdottir, S., Thorsteinsdottir, G., & Saavedra, J. (2019). Body Image Concern and Eating Disorder Symptoms Among Elite Icelandic Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(15), 2728. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152728

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to analyse body image concerns and symptoms of eating disorders in elite Icelandic athletes according to their sex, and sport practiced. The participants were 755 athletes (24.8 +/- 3.5 years in age) who compete at the highest possible level in Iceland. Representing 20 different sports, they were divided into five sports groups. Three questionnaires were used: the Body Shape Questionnaire to assess body image concerns; the Bulimia Test-Revised to assess the main symptoms of bulimia; and the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire to identify disordered eating attitudes and behaviours. A chi-squared test was used to analyse differences in prevalence of body image concern and eating disorders, a t-test for the differences between men and women, and a one-way ANOVA to compare the different sports. The main findings were that 17.9% of the athletes presented severe or moderate body image dissatisfaction, and 18.2% (25.3% of the women) were above the clinical cutoff for body image concern. Women's scores were higher than men's (whole sample and ball games) in all variables except restraint. These results seem to point to the existence of a real problem that athlete, coaches, doctors, and institutions need to take into account.

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This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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